Listed Building

The only legal part of the listing is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing – see ‘About Listed Buildings’ below for more information.

Memorial to the 72nd Highlanders, Edinburgh Castle Esplanade, Edinburgh LB48237

Status: Designated

Documents

There are no additional online documents for this record.

Summary

Category
C
Group Category Details
100000019 - see notes
Date Added
15/10/2001
Last Date Amended
15/11/2019
Local Authority
Edinburgh
Planning Authority
Edinburgh
Burgh
Edinburgh
NGR
NT 25273 73516
Coordinates
325273, 673516

Description

The monument is a memorial to the men of the 72nd Highlanders who died in Afghanistan during the Second Anglo-Afghan War (1878-80). It was designed by MacDonald, Field and Company in 1882-3. The monument takes the form of a polished pink Peterhead granite obelisk with a bronze coronet over the number 72. It stands on a pedestal on which are carved the names of the fallen.

In additions to the names of the fallen the base holds two further inscriptions which read 'IN MEMORY OF / THE OFFICERS / NON COMMISSIONED OFFICERS AND MEN / OF THE 72ND DUKE OF ALBANY S OWN HIGHLANDERS / WHO WERE KILLED IN ACTION OR DIED OF WOUNDS OR DISEASE / DURING THE CAMPAIGNS IN AFFGHANISTAN (sic) / IN 1878 - 79 – 80' and 'ERECTED BY / THE OFFICERS AND MEN NOW SERVING / AND WHO HAVE SERVED IN THE REGIMENT'.

Statement of Special Interest

This is one of a group of statues on the Esplanade including the Statue of the Duke of York, the Scottish Horse Memorial, the 78th Highlanders Memorial, and the Monument to Colonel Mackenzie.

The 72nd Highlanders were raised as a regiment in January 1778 by Kenneth Mackenzie as the Seaforth (Highland) Regiment. They were sent to India in the 1780s and while there were re-ranked as the 72nd (Highland) Regiment of Foot as part of an overall reduction of the number of Crown regiments following the end of hostilities with France as part of the American Revolutionary War.

The memorial was designed by MacDonald, Field and Company in 1882-83. This was a firm of monumental sculptors and granite quarriers, based in Aberdeen. The firm was the most important granite sculptors in Scotland and was responsible for introducing the machinery and processes that revolutionized the industry in Scotland.

Statutory address and listed building record revised in 2019. Previously listed as EDINBURGH CASTLE ESPLANADE, 72ND HIGHLANDERS MEMORIAL .

References

Bibliography

Gifford J, McWilliam C, Walker D and Wilson C 1984. The Buildings of Scotland: Edinburgh. Pg. 90.

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https://www.historicenvironment.scot/visit-a-place/places/edinburgh-castle

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About Listed Buildings

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating sites and places at the national level. These designations are Scheduled monuments, Listed buildings, Inventory of gardens and designed landscapes and Inventory of historic battlefields.

We make recommendations to the Scottish Government about historic marine protected areas, and the Scottish Ministers decide whether to designate.

Listing is the process that identifies, designates and provides statutory protection for buildings of special architectural or historic interest as set out in the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings which are found to be of special architectural or historic interest using the selection guidance published in Designation Policy and Selection Guidance (2019)

Listed building records provide an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building which has been identified by its statutory address. The description and additional information provided are supplementary and have no legal weight.

These records are not definitive historical accounts or a complete description of the building(s). If part of a building is not described it does not mean it is not listed. The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site which is known as the statutory address. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing. Even if a number or name is missing from a listing address it will still be listed. Listing covers both the exterior and the interior and any object or structure fixed to the building. Listing also applies to buildings or structures not physically attached but which are part of the curtilage (or land) of the listed building as long as they were erected before 1 July 1948.

While Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating listed buildings, the planning authority is responsible for determining what is covered by the listing, including what is listed through curtilage. However, for listed buildings designated or for listings amended from 1 October 2015, legal exclusions to the listing may apply.

If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the 1997 Act. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect subsequent legislation.

Listed building consent is required for changes to a listed building which affect its character as a building of special architectural or historic interest. The relevant planning authority is the point of contact for applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at www.historicenvironment.scot/advice-and-support. You can contact us on 0131 668 8914 or at designations@hes.scot.

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