Listed Building

The only legal part of the listing is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing – see ‘About Listed Buildings’ below for more information.

Duke of York Statue, Edinburgh Castle Esplanade, EdinburghLB27883

Status: Designated

Documents

There are no additional online documents for this record.

Summary

Category
B
Date Added
14/12/1970
Last Date Amended
15/11/2019
Local Authority
Edinburgh
Planning Authority
Edinburgh
Burgh
Edinburgh
NGR
NT 25290 73522
Coordinates
325290, 673522

Description

This is a memorial to Prince Frederick, Duke of York and Albany, KG, Commander of the British Army. It was sculpted by Thomas Campbell and unveiled in 1836. The memorial comprises a bronze pedestrian statue of the Duke of York in a tasselled cape and short breeches, holding his marshal s baton. Around his shoulders is a chain upon which there is a cross and at his left side is his sword. The statue is located upon on a tall bronze corniced pedestal with a torus band, bronze plaques bearing the Royal Arms on the east and west faces and two further bronze plaques with raised inscriptions on the north and south faces. The inscription on the front (south) face reads "FIELD MARSHAL / HIS ROYAL HIGHNESS / FREDERICK / DUKE OF YORK / AND ALBANY, K.G. / COMMANDER IN CHIEF / OF THE BRITISH ARMY, / MDCCCXXVII". On the rear (north) an inscription simply states "ERECTED / MDCCCXXXVI".

Statement of Special Interest

This is one of a group of statues on the Esplanade including the Scottish Horse Memorial, the 72nd Highlanders Memorial, the 78th Highlanders Memorial, and the Monument to Colonel Mackenzie.

Prince Frederick s only field command was during the Flanders Campaign (1793-95) as part of the European response in the French Revolutionary Wars. His command ended in defeat and was subject of mockery. He is often thought to have been the inspiration for the nursery rhyme "The Grand Old Duke of York" although the rhyme may have older origins.

Statutory address and listed building record revised in 2019. Previously listed as EDINBURGH CASTLE ESPLANADE, DUKE OF YORK STATUE .

References

Bibliography

Grant J 1885. Old and New Edinburgh Vol. I p79.

http://www.oldandnewedinburgh.co.uk/volume1/page91.html

Gifford J, McWilliam C, Walker D and Wilson C 1984. The Buildings of Scotland: Edinburgh. Pg. 90.

Gunnis R 1953. Dictionary of British Sculptors, 1660-1851. Pp. 76-7.

Pearson F (ed) 1991. Virtue and Vision Sculpture and Scotland 1540-1990. Pp. 65-8.

Historic Environment Scotland Properties

Edinburgh Castle

https://www.historicenvironment.scot/visit-a-place/places/edinburgh-castle

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Related Designations

  1. EDINBURGH CASTLE, FOOG'S GATELB48217

    Designation Type
    Listed Building (A)
    Status
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  2. EDINBURGH CASTLE, MILITARY PRISONLB48222

    Designation Type
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  3. EDINBURGH CASTLE, NEW BARRACKSLB48224

    Designation Type
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  4. Memorial to the 72nd Highlanders, Edinburgh Castle Esplanade, Edinburgh LB48237

    Designation Type
    Listed Building (C)
    Status
    Designated
  5. Edinburgh Castle/Caisteal Dhùn ÈideannSM90130

    Designation Type
    Scheduled Monument
    Status
    Designated
  6. EDINBURGH CASTLE, ST MARGARET'S CHAPELLB48228

    Designation Type
    Listed Building (A)
    Status
    Removed
  7. Monument to Colonel Mackenzie, Edinburgh Castle Esplanade, EdinburghLB48257

    Designation Type
    Listed Building (B)
    Status
    Designated
  8. Memorial to the Scottish Horse, Edinburgh Castle Esplanade, EdinburghLB48239

    Designation Type
    Listed Building (C)
    Status
    Designated
  9. EDINBURGH CASTLE, GATEHOUSELB48218

    Designation Type
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    Status
    Removed
  10. EDINBURGH CASTLE, PORTCULLIS GATE AND ARGYLE TOWERLB48227

    Designation Type
    Listed Building (A)
    Status
    Removed
  11. EDINBURGH CASTLE, UNITED SERVICES MUSEUMLB48231

    Designation Type
    Listed Building (A)
    Status
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  12. EDINBURGH CASTLE, VAULTSLB48232

    Designation Type
    Listed Building (A)
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  13. EDINBURGH CASTLE, PALACE BLOCKLB48226

    Designation Type
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  14. EDINBURGH CASTLE, BATTERIES, INCLUDING ARGYLE, DURY'S, FOREWALL, HALF-MOON, AND WESTERN DEFENCESLB28010

    Designation Type
    Listed Building (A)
    Status
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  15. THE NEW TOWN GARDENSGDL00367

    Designation Type
    Garden & Designed Landscape
    Status
    Designated
  16. Memorial to the 78th Highlanders, Edinburgh Castle Esplanade, EdinburghLB48238

    Designation Type
    Listed Building (B)
    Status
    Designated
  17. EDINBURGH CASTLE, GREAT HALLLB48220

    Designation Type
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    Status
    Removed
  18. Statue of Earl Haig, Hospital Square, Edinburgh Castle, Edinburgh LB27860

    Designation Type
    Listed Building (B)
    Status
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  19. EDINBURGH CASTLE, GOVERNOR'S HOUSELB48219

    Designation Type
    Listed Building (A)
    Status
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  20. EDINBURGH CASTLE, LANG STAIRSLB48221

    Designation Type
    Listed Building (B)
    Status
    Removed
  21. EDINBURGH CASTLE, ESPLANADELB28011

    Designation Type
    Listed Building (A)
    Status
    Removed
  22. EDINBURGH CASTLE, SCOTTISH NATIONAL WAR MEMORIALLB48229

    Designation Type
    Listed Building (A)
    Status
    Removed
  23. Two K6 Telephone Kiosks, Lower Ward, Edinburgh Castle, Edinburgh LB28012

    Designation Type
    Listed Building (B)
    Status
    Designated
  24. EDINBURGH CASTLE, OLD GUARDHOUSE, INCLUDING INNER BARRIERLB48225

    Designation Type
    Listed Building (B)
    Status
    Removed
  25. EDINBURGH CASTLE, NATIONAL WAR MUSEUM OF SCOTLAND (FORMER HOSPITAL AND ORDNANCE STORE), INCLUDING SENTRY BOXES AND URNSLB48223

    Designation Type
    Listed Building (B)
    Status
    Removed

About Listed Buildings

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating sites and places at the national level. These designations are Scheduled monuments, Listed buildings, Inventory of gardens and designed landscapes and Inventory of historic battlefields.

We make recommendations to the Scottish Government about historic marine protected areas, and the Scottish Ministers decide whether to designate.

Listing is the process that identifies, designates and provides statutory protection for buildings of special architectural or historic interest as set out in the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings which are found to be of special architectural or historic interest using the selection guidance published in Designation Policy and Selection Guidance (2019)

Listed building records provide an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building which has been identified by its statutory address. The description and additional information provided are supplementary and have no legal weight.

These records are not definitive historical accounts or a complete description of the building(s). If part of a building is not described it does not mean it is not listed. The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site which is known as the statutory address. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing. Even if a number or name is missing from a listing address it will still be listed. Listing covers both the exterior and the interior and any object or structure fixed to the building. Listing also applies to buildings or structures not physically attached but which are part of the curtilage (or land) of the listed building as long as they were erected before 1 July 1948.

While Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating listed buildings, the planning authority is responsible for determining what is covered by the listing, including what is listed through curtilage. However, for listed buildings designated or for listings amended from 1 October 2015, legal exclusions to the listing may apply.

If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the 1997 Act. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect subsequent legislation.

Listed building consent is required for changes to a listed building which affect its character as a building of special architectural or historic interest. The relevant planning authority is the point of contact for applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at www.historicenvironment.scot/advice-and-support. You can contact us on 0131 668 8914 or at designations@hes.scot.

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Printed: 07/12/2019 17:39