Listed Building

The only legal part of the listing is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing – see ‘About Listed Buildings’ below for more information.

EDINBURGH CASTLE, SCOTTISH NATIONAL WAR MEMORIALLB48229

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Category
A
Group Category Details
100000019 - see notes
Date Added
14/12/1970
Local Authority
Edinburgh
Planning Authority
Edinburgh
Burgh
Edinburgh
NGR
NT 25170 73474
Coordinates
325170, 673474

Description

Sir Robert Lorimer, 1924-7, incorporating earlier fabric, with work by numerous sculptors (see Notes). E-plan War Memorial Chapel with concrete vault and buttressed semi-octagonal apse to N; gothic detail, some drawn from Stirling Castle. Random rubble with polished dressings. Crenellated coped parapet with large gargoyles to entrance tower. Openings in cusped stilted segmental arches. Sculpture in canopied niches (see Notes).

INTERIOR: low groin-vaulted porch. Groin-vaulted crossing. Transepts to E and W (Hall of Honour) with round-arched architraves to each bay, separated by octagonal pillars with foliate capitals; arched entrances to S chapels to E and W. Apsidal shrine to N with groin vault springing from slim shafts; carved central boss with hanging painted timber figure; bronze frieze under stilted-arched windows; bare rock breaking through Ailsa Craig granite floor; granite altar with bronze kneeling angels to corners. Sculptural Commissions and wrought-iron work to distinguish Regimental altars and to articulate space, by many hands.

Statement of Special Interest

The A Group comprises Batteries, Foog's Gate, Gatehouse, Governor's House, Great Hall, Lang Stairs, Military Prison, National War Museum, New Barracks, Old Guardhouse, Palace Block, Portcullis Gate, St Margaret's Chapel, Scottish National War Memorial, Telephone Kiosks, United Services Museum and Vaults, all within Edinburgh Castle, and in the Care of Historic Scotland. Lorimer's building is a reconstruction of the North Barracks, built in 1755 on the site of the medieval St Mary's Church (converted to munitions house in 1540 and demolished 1755 to make way for the barracks). Opened by the Prince of Wales (later Edward VIII) on 14th July 1927. The complex programme of sculpture and heraldry includes work by Alexander Carrick, George Salvesen, Percy Portsmouth, Alice and Morris Meredith-Williams, Pilkington Jackson and Phyllis Bone. Stained glass by Douglas Strachan. Wrought-iron screen to shrine by Thomas Hadden. A steel casket on the altar of the shrine contains the names of those killed in the 1st and 2nd World Wars and in later conflicts.

References

Bibliography

RCAHMS INVENTORY EDINBURGH (1951) pp1-25. Gifford, McWilliam and Walker EDINBURGH (1984) p 99. MacIvor EDINBURGH CASTLE (1993). Ian Gow in Pearson (ed) VIRTUE AND VISION SCOTTISH SCULPTURE 1540-1990 pp105-9.

Historic Environment Scotland Properties

Edinburgh Castle

https://www.historicenvironment.scot/visit-a-place/places/edinburgh-castle

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Related Designations

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  3. EDINBURGH CASTLE, BATTERIES, INCLUDING ARGYLE, DURY'S, FOREWALL, HALF-MOON, AND WESTERN DEFENCESLB28010

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  5. EDINBURGH CASTLE ESPLANADE, DUKE OF YORK STATUELB27883

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  6. EDINBURGH CASTLE, GREAT HALLLB48220

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  7. EDINBURGH CASTLE, LANG STAIRSLB48221

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  8. EDINBURGH CASTLE, MILITARY PRISONLB48222

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  9. EDINBURGH CASTLE, GATEHOUSELB48218

    Designation Type
    Listed Building (A)
    Status
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  10. EDINBURGH CASTLE, GOVERNOR'S HOUSELB48219

    Designation Type
    Listed Building (A)
    Status
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  11. EDINBURGH CASTLE ESPLANADE, MONUMENT TO COLONEL MACKENZIELB48257

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  12. EDINBURGH CASTLE, PALACE BLOCKLB48226

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  13. EDINBURGH CASTLE, ST MARGARET'S CHAPELLB48228

    Designation Type
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    Status
    Designated
  14. EDINBURGH CASTLE, OLD GUARDHOUSE, INCLUDING INNER BARRIERLB48225

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  17. EDINBURGH CASTLE, NEW BARRACKSLB48224

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    Designation Type
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  19. EDINBURGH CASTLE ESPLANADE, 72ND HIGHLANDERS MEMORIALLB48237

    Designation Type
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    Status
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  20. EDINBURGH CASTLE ESPLANADE, 78TH HIGHLANDERS MEMORIALLB48238

    Designation Type
    Listed Building (B)
    Status
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  21. EDINBURGH CASTLE ESPLANADE, SCOTTISH HORSE MEMORIALLB48239

    Designation Type
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    Status
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  22. EDINBURGH CASTLE, UNITED SERVICES MUSEUMLB48231

    Designation Type
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  24. Edinburgh CastleSM90130

    Designation Type
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  25. THE NEW TOWN GARDENSGDL00367

    Designation Type
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About Listed Buildings

Listing is the way that a building or structure of special architectural or historic interest is recognised by law through the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings of special architectural or historic interest using the criteria published in the Historic Environment Scotland Policy Statement.

The information in the listed building record gives an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building(s). It is not a definitive historical account or a complete description of the building(s). The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

The only legal part of the listing is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing and if a number or name is missing from a listing address it may still be listed. Listing covers both the exterior and the interior and any object or structure fixed to the building. Listing can also cover structures not physically attached but which are part of the curtilage of the building, such as boundary walls, gates, gatepiers, ancillary buildings etc. The planning authority is responsible for advising on what is covered by the listing including the curtilage of a listed building. Since 1 October 2015 we have been able to exclude items from a listing. If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the Historic Environment Scotland Act 2014. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect current legislation.

If you want to alter, extend or demolish a listed building you need to contact your planning authority to see if you need listed building consent. The planning authority advises on the need for listed building consent and they also decide what a listing covers. The planning authority is the main point of contact for all applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at www.historicenvironment.scot/advice-and-support. You can contact us on 0131 668 8716 or at designations@hes.scot.

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Printed: 21/03/2019 07:50