Listed Building

The only legal part of the listing is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing – see ‘About Listed Buildings’ below for more information.

EDINBURGH CASTLE, GATEHOUSELB48218

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Category
A
Group Category Details
100000019 - see notes
Date Added
14/12/1970
Local Authority
Edinburgh
Planning Authority
Edinburgh
Burgh
Edinburgh
NGR
NT 25239 73488
Coordinates
325239, 673488

Description

R Lawson Scott (Royal Engineers Department, London), 1886-8, with later niches, Sir Robert Lorimer, 1929. Crenellated Baronial entrance gateway with round-arched pend accessed from Esplanade across modern drawbridge over dry ditch; T-plan gabled gatehouse with flat-roofed wings beyond. Squared and snecked rock-faced yellow sandstone with polished dressings.

E (PRINCIPAL) ELEVATION: crenellated parapet, chequer-set machicolations. Taller section to centre with roll-moulded round-arched entrance; tripartite panel over entrance with motto and heraldic crest; cannon spouts and bartizans above. Flanking canopied gothic niches designed by Robert Lorimer, housing bronze statues (see Notes). 17th century carved panels (see Notes) incorporated in walls of pend.

W ELEVATION: taller crowstepped gabled section to centre with oriel window over round-arched entrance RVI and date, 1888.

Leaded glass and small-pane glazing to gatehouse. Crowstepped skews. Grey slates. Pyramidally coped ashlar stacks with circular cans. Cast-iron downpipes with decrative hoppers (thistles and roses).

Statement of Special Interest

The A Group comprises Batteries, Foog's Gate, Gatehouse, Governor's House, Great Hall, Lang Stairs, Military Prison, National War Museum, New Barracks, Old Guardhouse, Palace Block, Portcullis Gate, St Margaret's Chapel, Scottish National War Memorial, Telephone Kiosks, United Services Museum and Vaults, all within Edinburgh Castle, and in the Care of Historic Scotland. Until the 1880's the Castle had a simple palisaded main entry, with an unspectacular jumble of buildings beyond. The gatehouse building housed guardroom, detention cells and court marshal room. The 2 carved panels now in the entrance passage illustrate armaments, including the cannon known as Mons Meg. Wilson illustrates the carved panel showing Mons Meg captioned 'Ancient carved stone over the entrance to the Ordnance Office.' The other, illustrated in Grant 'stood over the barrier gateway of Edinburgh Castle.' The statues of William Wallace (by Alexander Carrick) and King Robert I (by Thomas Clapperton) were erected in 1929, in Lorimer's niches, to commemorate the 600th anniversary of King Robert's death.

References

Bibliography

Grant OLD AND NEW EDINBURGH (1885) vol 1 p46. Wilson MEMORIALS OF EDINBURGH IN THE OLDEN TIME (1891) ill p1. RCAHMS INVENTORY EDINBURGH (1951) pp1-25. Gifford, McWilliam and Walker EDINBURGH (1984) p 90. MacIvor EDINBURGH CASTLE (1993).

Historic Environment Scotland Properties

Edinburgh Castle

https://www.historicenvironment.scot/visit-a-place/places/edinburgh-castle

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Related Designations

  1. EDINBURGH CASTLE, BATTERIES, INCLUDING ARGYLE, DURY'S, FOREWALL, HALF-MOON, AND WESTERN DEFENCESLB28010

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  2. EDINBURGH CASTLE, ESPLANADELB28011

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  3. EDINBURGH CASTLE, 2 K6 TELEPHONE KIOSKS AT GATEHOUSELB28012

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  5. EDINBURGH CASTLE ESPLANADE, STATUE OF EARL HAIGLB27860

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  6. EDINBURGH CASTLE ESPLANADE, 72ND HIGHLANDERS MEMORIALLB48237

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  7. EDINBURGH CASTLE ESPLANADE, 78TH HIGHLANDERS MEMORIALLB48238

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  8. EDINBURGH CASTLE ESPLANADE, SCOTTISH HORSE MEMORIALLB48239

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  9. EDINBURGH CASTLE, PORTCULLIS GATE AND ARGYLE TOWERLB48227

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    Listed Building (A)
    Status
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  10. EDINBURGH CASTLE, SCOTTISH NATIONAL WAR MEMORIALLB48229

    Designation Type
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    Status
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  11. EDINBURGH CASTLE, ST MARGARET'S CHAPELLB48228

    Designation Type
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  12. EDINBURGH CASTLE, PALACE BLOCKLB48226

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  13. EDINBURGH CASTLE, UNITED SERVICES MUSEUMLB48231

    Designation Type
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  14. EDINBURGH CASTLE, VAULTSLB48232

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  15. EDINBURGH CASTLE, OLD GUARDHOUSE, INCLUDING INNER BARRIERLB48225

    Designation Type
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    Status
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  16. EDINBURGH CASTLE, FOOG'S GATELB48217

    Designation Type
    Listed Building (A)
    Status
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  17. EDINBURGH CASTLE, NEW BARRACKSLB48224

    Designation Type
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    Designation Type
    Listed Building (B)
    Status
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  20. EDINBURGH CASTLE, GREAT HALLLB48220

    Designation Type
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    Status
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  21. EDINBURGH CASTLE, LANG STAIRSLB48221

    Designation Type
    Listed Building (B)
    Status
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  22. EDINBURGH CASTLE, MILITARY PRISONLB48222

    Designation Type
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  23. EDINBURGH CASTLE, GOVERNOR'S HOUSELB48219

    Designation Type
    Listed Building (A)
    Status
    Designated
  24. Edinburgh CastleSM90130

    Designation Type
    Scheduled Monument
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    Designated
  25. THE NEW TOWN GARDENSGDL00367

    Designation Type
    Garden & Designed Landscape
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    Designated

About Listed Buildings

Listing is the way that a building or structure of special architectural or historic interest is recognised by law through the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings of special architectural or historic interest using the criteria published in the Historic Environment Scotland Policy Statement.

The information in the listed building record gives an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building(s). It is not a definitive historical account or a complete description of the building(s). The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

The only legal part of the listing is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing and if a number or name is missing from a listing address it may still be listed. Listing covers both the exterior and the interior and any object or structure fixed to the building. Listing can also cover structures not physically attached but which are part of the curtilage of the building, such as boundary walls, gates, gatepiers, ancillary buildings etc. The planning authority is responsible for advising on what is covered by the listing including the curtilage of a listed building. Since 1 October 2015 we have been able to exclude items from a listing. If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the Historic Environment Scotland Act 2014. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect current legislation.

If you want to alter, extend or demolish a listed building you need to contact your planning authority to see if you need listed building consent. The planning authority advises on the need for listed building consent and they also decide what a listing covers. The planning authority is the main point of contact for all applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at www.historicenvironment.scot/advice-and-support. You can contact us on 0131 668 8716 or at designations@hes.scot.

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Printed: 27/03/2019 01:29