Listed Building

The only legal part of the listing is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing – see ‘About Listed Buildings’ below for more information.

EDINBURGH CASTLE, GATEHOUSELB48218

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Category
A
Group Category Details
100000019 - see notes
Date Added
14/12/1970
Local Authority
Edinburgh
Planning Authority
Edinburgh
Burgh
Edinburgh
NGR
NT 25239 73488
Coordinates
325239, 673488

Description

R Lawson Scott (Royal Engineers Department, London), 1886-8, with later niches, Sir Robert Lorimer, 1929. Crenellated Baronial entrance gateway with round-arched pend accessed from Esplanade across modern drawbridge over dry ditch; T-plan gabled gatehouse with flat-roofed wings beyond. Squared and snecked rock-faced yellow sandstone with polished dressings.

E (PRINCIPAL) ELEVATION: crenellated parapet, chequer-set machicolations. Taller section to centre with roll-moulded round-arched entrance; tripartite panel over entrance with motto and heraldic crest; cannon spouts and bartizans above. Flanking canopied gothic niches designed by Robert Lorimer, housing bronze statues (see Notes). 17th century carved panels (see Notes) incorporated in walls of pend.

W ELEVATION: taller crowstepped gabled section to centre with oriel window over round-arched entrance RVI and date, 1888.

Leaded glass and small-pane glazing to gatehouse. Crowstepped skews. Grey slates. Pyramidally coped ashlar stacks with circular cans. Cast-iron downpipes with decrative hoppers (thistles and roses).

Statement of Special Interest

The A Group comprises Batteries, Foog's Gate, Gatehouse, Governor's House, Great Hall, Lang Stairs, Military Prison, National War Museum, New Barracks, Old Guardhouse, Palace Block, Portcullis Gate, St Margaret's Chapel, Scottish National War Memorial, Telephone Kiosks, United Services Museum and Vaults, all within Edinburgh Castle, and in the Care of Historic Scotland. Until the 1880's the Castle had a simple palisaded main entry, with an unspectacular jumble of buildings beyond. The gatehouse building housed guardroom, detention cells and court marshal room. The 2 carved panels now in the entrance passage illustrate armaments, including the cannon known as Mons Meg. Wilson illustrates the carved panel showing Mons Meg captioned 'Ancient carved stone over the entrance to the Ordnance Office.' The other, illustrated in Grant 'stood over the barrier gateway of Edinburgh Castle.' The statues of William Wallace (by Alexander Carrick) and King Robert I (by Thomas Clapperton) were erected in 1929, in Lorimer's niches, to commemorate the 600th anniversary of King Robert's death.

References

Bibliography

Grant OLD AND NEW EDINBURGH (1885) vol 1 p46. Wilson MEMORIALS OF EDINBURGH IN THE OLDEN TIME (1891) ill p1. RCAHMS INVENTORY EDINBURGH (1951) pp1-25. Gifford, McWilliam and Walker EDINBURGH (1984) p 90. MacIvor EDINBURGH CASTLE (1993).

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Edinburgh Castle

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Related Designations

  1. EDINBURGH CASTLE, ESPLANADELB28011

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  4. EDINBURGH CASTLE ESPLANADE, DUKE OF YORK STATUELB27883

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  5. EDINBURGH CASTLE ESPLANADE, STATUE OF EARL HAIGLB27860

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  6. EDINBURGH CASTLE ESPLANADE, MONUMENT TO COLONEL MACKENZIELB48257

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  7. EDINBURGH CASTLE, ST MARGARET'S CHAPELLB48228

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  8. EDINBURGH CASTLE, PORTCULLIS GATE AND ARGYLE TOWERLB48227

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  9. EDINBURGH CASTLE, OLD GUARDHOUSE, INCLUDING INNER BARRIERLB48225

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  10. EDINBURGH CASTLE, PALACE BLOCKLB48226

    Designation Type
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  11. EDINBURGH CASTLE, NEW BARRACKSLB48224

    Designation Type
    Listed Building (A)
    Status
    Designated
  12. EDINBURGH CASTLE, GREAT HALLLB48220

    Designation Type
    Listed Building (A)
    Status
    Designated
  13. EDINBURGH CASTLE, LANG STAIRSLB48221

    Designation Type
    Listed Building (B)
    Status
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  14. EDINBURGH CASTLE, MILITARY PRISONLB48222

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    Status
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  15. EDINBURGH CASTLE, NATIONAL WAR MUSEUM OF SCOTLAND (FORMER HOSPITAL AND ORDNANCE STORE), INCLUDING SENTRY BOXES AND URNSLB48223

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    Status
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  16. EDINBURGH CASTLE, FOOG'S GATELB48217

    Designation Type
    Listed Building (A)
    Status
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  17. EDINBURGH CASTLE, GOVERNOR'S HOUSELB48219

    Designation Type
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    Status
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  18. EDINBURGH CASTLE ESPLANADE, 72ND HIGHLANDERS MEMORIALLB48237

    Designation Type
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    Status
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  19. EDINBURGH CASTLE ESPLANADE, 78TH HIGHLANDERS MEMORIALLB48238

    Designation Type
    Listed Building (B)
    Status
    Designated
  20. EDINBURGH CASTLE ESPLANADE, SCOTTISH HORSE MEMORIALLB48239

    Designation Type
    Listed Building (C)
    Status
    Designated
  21. EDINBURGH CASTLE, SCOTTISH NATIONAL WAR MEMORIALLB48229

    Designation Type
    Listed Building (A)
    Status
    Designated
  22. EDINBURGH CASTLE, UNITED SERVICES MUSEUMLB48231

    Designation Type
    Listed Building (A)
    Status
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  23. EDINBURGH CASTLE, VAULTSLB48232

    Designation Type
    Listed Building (A)
    Status
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  24. Edinburgh CastleSM90130

    Designation Type
    Scheduled Monument
    Status
    Designated
  25. THE NEW TOWN GARDENSGDL00367

    Designation Type
    Garden & Designed Landscape
    Status
    Designated

About Listed Buildings

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating sites and places at the national level. These designations are Scheduled monuments, Listed buildings, Inventory of gardens and designed landscapes and Inventory of historic battlefields.

We make recommendations to the Scottish Government about historic marine protected areas, and the Scottish Ministers decide whether to designate.

Listing is the process that identifies, designates and provides statutory protection for buildings of special architectural or historic interest as set out in the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings which are found to be of special architectural or historic interest using the selection guidance published in Designation Policy and Selection Guidance (2019)

Listed building records provide an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building which has been identified by its statutory address. The description and additional information provided are supplementary and have no legal weight.

These records are not definitive historical accounts or a complete description of the building(s). If part of a building is not described it does not mean it is not listed. The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site which is known as the statutory address. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing. Even if a number or name is missing from a listing address it will still be listed. Listing covers both the exterior and the interior and any object or structure fixed to the building. Listing also applies to buildings or structures not physically attached but which are part of the curtilage (or land) of the listed building as long as they were erected before 1 July 1948.

While Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating listed buildings, the planning authority is responsible for determining what is covered by the listing, including what is listed through curtilage. However, for listed buildings designated or for listings amended from 1 October 2015, legal exclusions to the listing may apply.

If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the 1997 Act. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect subsequent legislation.

Listed building consent is required for changes to a listed building which affect its character as a building of special architectural or historic interest. The relevant planning authority is the point of contact for applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at www.historicenvironment.scot/advice-and-support. You can contact us on 0131 668 8914 or at designations@hes.scot.

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Printed: 22/08/2019 07:02