Scheduled Monument

Maybole Collegiate ChurchSM90212

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Date Added
30/11/1981
Last Date Amended
15/05/1997
Type
Ecclesiastical: burial ground, cemetery, graveyard; church; collegiate church
Local Authority
South Ayrshire
Parish
Maybole
NGR
NS 30165 9871
Coordinates
230165, 609871

Description

The monument consists of the remains of the collegiate church of St Mary, founded within a pre-existing chapel in 1382. It is suggested that this was substantially rebuilt during the early fifteenth century using coursed rubble with freestone dressings; most walls are preserved to near wallhead height.

The church is rectangular on plan, with 2 post-medieval burial enclosures on its N side, the western of these re-using the N and E walls of the sacristy. The group of buildings measures approximately 19m E-W by 12m N-S.

The choir, occupying slightly over half the length of the church, is externally divided by buttresses into 3 bays,and there are clasping buttresses at NW and SE corners; the SE buttresses are gables. The choir has 2 blocked windows to the S and one to the E, the E and SE of which contain remains of flowing tracery of very high quality.

The nave has a trefoil-headed lancet to the S and another (blocked) to the N; a window in the W wall is blocked by a secondary buttress. The church is entered by a door at the W end of the S wall, with dog-tooth moulding in revived 13th century style. A tomb doubling as an Easter Sepulchre in the N wall of the choir also shows dogtooth decoration. The floor level has been raised within the church.

The sacristy retains part of a barrel vault, and was incorporated into a burial aisle built for the Kennedies of Colaine in the 17th century.

The area to be scheduled is irregular in shape, measuring a maximum of 65m E-W by 25m N-S, and includes the church, the present walled enclosure, and a further area to the S and E into which burial is likely to have extended, as defined by the edges of pavements and property boundaries and shown outlined in red on the accompanying map.

The monument consists of the remains of the collegiate church of St Mary, founded within a pre-existing chapel in 1382. It is suggested that this was substantially rebuilt during the early fifteenth century using coursed rubble with freestone dressings; most walls are preserved to near wallhead height.

Statement of National Importance

The monument is of national importance as the well-preserved remains of a collegiate church of medieval date containing architectural detail of high quality and surrounded by a contemporary burial ground. Study of the standing fabric and of below-ground remains provides, and has the potential to provide further, evidence to enhance understanding of medieval ecclesiastical architecture and practices, funerary practices and demographic studies.

References

Bibliography

RCAHMS records the monument as NS 30 NW 6.

Reference:

Cowan, I B and Easson, D E, 1976, 'Medieval religious houses, Scotland: with an appendix on the houses in the Isle of Man', London, 224.

Macfarlane, W, 1907, Geographical collections relating to Scotland, in Mitchell, A and Clark, J. T. 7.

MacGibbon, D and Ross, T, 1896-7, 'The ecclesiastical architecture of Scotland from the earliest Christian times to the seventeenth century', 3v, Edinburgh, Vol. 3, 338-43, Fig. 1272.

Piggott, S and Simpson, W D, 1970, Illustrated guide to ancient monuments: volume vi Scotland, Edinburgh, 57.

Historic Environment Scotland Properties

Maybole Collegiate Church

https://www.historicenvironment.scot/visit-a-place/places/maybole-collegiate-church

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Related Designations

  1. COLLEGIATE CHURCHLB37688

    Designation Type
    Listed Building (A)
    Status
    Removed

About Scheduled Monuments

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for the designation of buildings, monuments, gardens and designed landscapes and historic battlefields. We also advise Scottish Ministers on the designation of historic marine protected areas.

Scheduling is the way that a monument or archaeological site of national importance is recognised by law through the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979.

We schedule sites and monuments of national importance using the criteria published in the Historic Environment Scotland Policy Statement.

The description and map showing the scheduled area is the legal part of the scheduling. The additional information in the scheduled monument record gives an indication of the national importance of the monument(s). It is not a definitive account or a complete description of the monument(s). The format of scheduled monument records has changed over time. Earlier records will usually be brief and some information will not have been recorded. Scheduled monument consent is required to carry out certain work, including repairs, to scheduled monuments. Applications for scheduled monument consent are made to us. We are happy to discuss your proposals with you before you apply and we do not charge for advice or consent. More information about consent and how to apply for it can be found on our website at www.historicenvironment.scot.

Find out more about scheduling and our other designations at www.historicenvironment.scot. You can contact us on 0131 668 8716 or at designations@hes.scot.

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