Scheduled Monument

Newark Castle, Port GlasgowSM90230

Status: Designated

Documents

Where documents include maps, the use of this data is subject to terms and conditions (https://portal.historicenvironment.scot/termsandconditions).

Summary

Date Added
31/12/1921
Last Date Amended
19/09/2016
Type
Secular: castle
Local Authority
Inverclyde
Parish
Port Glasgow
NGR
NS 32821 74512
Coordinates
232821, 674512

Description

The monument is the remains of Newark Castle. It is visible as a 15th century tower house and gatehouse linked by later 16th century ranges arranged around a central courtyard. The monument situated on the south bank of the River Clyde at about 5m above sea-level. 

The scheduled area is irregular on plan to include the remains described above and an area around in which evidence for the monument's construction, use and abandonment is expected to survive, as shown in red on the accompanying map.  The scheduling specifically excludes: the above-ground elements of all modern boundary walls and modern fences; the slipway; the above-ground elements of all signage and services; the top 300mm of all modern paths to allow for their maintenance.

Statement of National Importance

The monument is of national importance because it has an inherent potential to make a significant contribution to our understanding of the development of Scottish castles during the late-medieval and early-modern periods. The monument survives as a roofed structure, with rare and important original timber work. It is an excellent example of its type demonstrating the transition from a medieval castle to a mansion house. It documents through its architecture and layout the economic and social changes following the Union of the Crowns which allowed a greater degree of peace and prosperity for Scotland's land-owing class. Previous excavation has indicated high potential for the survival of important archaeological remains. The loss of the monument would greatly diminish our ability to understand the character, chronology and development of late-medieval and early-modern high-status dwellings in Scotland.

References

Bibliography

Historic Environment Scotland http://www.canmore.org.uk reference number CANMORE ID 42421 and 42422 (accessed on 14/03/2016).

Browne, G W 1882 Notes on Newark Castle, Renfrewshire , Proceedings of the Society of Antiquities of Scotland, 16, 494-504

Lewis, J 1998 Excavations at Newark Castle, Port Glasgow, 1984 and 1997 , Proceedings of the Society of Antiquities of Scotland, 128, 2, 905-921

MacGibbon and Ross, D and T 1887-92 'The castellated and domestic architecture of Scotland from the twelfth to the eighteenth centuries', 5v Edinburgh, 2, 425-31, 865

Radley and Murray, A and D 1998 Newark Castle (Port Glasgow parish), watching brief , Discovery Excavation in Scotland, 64

Tranter, N (1962-70) The fortified house in Scotland , Edinburgh, 3, 163-5

Whalley, T 2007 Newark Castle, Inverclyde (Port Glasgow parish), watching brief and survey , Discovery Excavation in Scotland, 8

Historic Environment Scotland Properties

Newark Castle

https://www.historicenvironment.scot/visit-a-place/places/newark-castle

Find out more

Related Designations

  1. NEWARK CASTLE, CASTLE STREETLB40069

    Designation Type
    Listed Building (A)
    Status
    Removed

About Scheduled Monuments

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for the designation of buildings, monuments, gardens and designed landscapes and historic battlefields. We also advise Scottish Ministers on the designation of historic marine protected areas.

Scheduling is the way that a monument or archaeological site of national importance is recognised by law through the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979.

We schedule sites and monuments of national importance using the criteria published in the Historic Environment Scotland Policy Statement.

The description and map showing the scheduled area is the legal part of the scheduling. The additional information in the scheduled monument record gives an indication of the national importance of the monument(s). It is not a definitive account or a complete description of the monument(s). The format of scheduled monument records has changed over time. Earlier records will usually be brief and some information will not have been recorded. Scheduled monument consent is required to carry out certain work, including repairs, to scheduled monuments. Applications for scheduled monument consent are made to us. We are happy to discuss your proposals with you before you apply and we do not charge for advice or consent. More information about consent and how to apply for it can be found on our website at www.historicenvironment.scot.

Find out more about scheduling and our other designations at www.historicenvironment.scot. You can contact us on 0131 668 8716 or at designations@hes.scot.

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Printed: 14/12/2018 21:20