Scheduled Monument

Kildrummy CastleSM90181

Status: Designated


Where documents include maps, the use of this data is subject to terms and conditions (


Date Added
Last Date Amended
Secular: castle; well
Local Authority
NJ 45511 16378
345511, 816378


The monument comprises the remains of a castle of medieval date. It is in the care of the Secretary of State for Scotland and is being re-scheduled to clarify the extent of the protected area.

The monument lies at the crest of a steep natural scarp, at around 240m OD. It comprises Kildrummy Castle, defended to the N and NW by a deep ravine and to the E, S and SW by a ditch. The ditch is now scarcely visible around the S and SW, but measures about 25m in width and about 5m deep on the E. The castle itself measures about 80m E-W by about 80m transversely overall. It is D-shaped, with the straight side backing on to the steep ravine to the NW.

Kildrummy Castle was built in the 13th century and is first recorded in 1296. It was the seat of the earls of Mar and played a prominent part in Scottish history from the 13th century to the 18th, notably during the Wars of Independence, when, in 1306, it was besieged by the field army of Edward I.

The area proposed for scheduling comprises the remains described and an area around them within which related material may be expected to be found. It is irregular with maximum dimensions of 150m from its northernmost point to its southernmost point and 145m from its easternmost point to its westernmost point, as marked in red on the accompanying map extract.

Statement of National Importance

The monument is of national importance because of its contribution to our understanding of medieval domestic and defensive architecture and because of the prominent part that it played in Scottish history from the 13th century to the 18th, notably during the Wars of Independence. Its importance is enhanced by the potential of its below-ground archaeological remains to shed further light on the material culture of its period of occupation and is reflected in its status as a Property in the Care of the Scottish Ministers.



RCAHMS records the monument as NJ 41 NE 4.


Apted, M. (1962-3) Excavations at Kildrummy Castle 1952-62, Proc Soc Antiq Scot, 96, 208-36.

Cross, M. (1994) Bibliography of Monuments in the Care of the Secretary of State for Scotland, 389-91, Glasgow.

Simpson, W. D. (1923) The Castle of Kildrummy. Aberdeen.

Tabraham, C. (1986) Kildrummy Castel. HMSO: Edinburgh.

Historic Environment Scotland Properties

Kildrummy Castle

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Related Designations


    Designation Type
    Garden & Designed Landscape

About Scheduled Monuments

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating sites and places at the national level. These designations are Scheduled monuments, Listed buildings, Inventory of gardens and designed landscapes and Inventory of historic battlefields.

We make recommendations to the Scottish Government about historic marine protected areas, and the Scottish Ministers decide whether to designate.

Scheduling is the process that identifies, designates and provides statutory protection for monuments and archaeological sites of national importance as set out in the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979.

We schedule sites and monuments that are found to be of national importance using the selection guidance published in Designation Policy and Selection Guidance (2019)

Scheduled monument records provide an indication of the national importance of the scheduled monument which has been identified by the description and map. The description and map showing the scheduled area is the legal part of the scheduling. The statement of national importance and additional information provided are supplementary. These records are not definitive historical or archaeological accounts or a complete description of the monument(s).

The format of scheduled monument records has changed over time. Earlier records will usually be brief. Some information will not have been recorded and the map will not be to current standards. Even if what is described and what is mapped has changed, the monument is still scheduled.

Scheduled monument consent is required to carry out certain work, including repairs, to scheduled monuments. Applications for scheduled monument consent are made to us. We are happy to discuss your proposals with you before you apply and we do not charge for advice or consent. More information about consent and how to apply for it can be found on our website at

Find out more about scheduling and our other designations at You can contact us on 0131 668 8914 or at


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