Scheduled Monument

Kildrummy CastleSM90181

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Date Added
31/12/1921
Last Date Amended
02/11/1999
Type
Secular: castle; well
Local Authority
Aberdeenshire
Parish
Kildrummy
NGR
NJ 45511 16378
Coordinates
345511, 816378

Description

The monument comprises the remains of a castle of medieval date. It is in the care of the Secretary of State for Scotland and is being re-scheduled to clarify the extent of the protected area.

The monument lies at the crest of a steep natural scarp, at around 240m OD. It comprises Kildrummy Castle, defended to the N and NW by a deep ravine and to the E, S and SW by a ditch. The ditch is now scarcely visible around the S and SW, but measures about 25m in width and about 5m deep on the E. The castle itself measures about 80m E-W by about 80m transversely overall. It is D-shaped, with the straight side backing on to the steep ravine to the NW.

Kildrummy Castle was built in the 13th century and is first recorded in 1296. It was the seat of the earls of Mar and played a prominent part in Scottish history from the 13th century to the 18th, notably during the Wars of Independence, when, in 1306, it was besieged by the field army of Edward I.

The area proposed for scheduling comprises the remains described and an area around them within which related material may be expected to be found. It is irregular with maximum dimensions of 150m from its northernmost point to its southernmost point and 145m from its easternmost point to its westernmost point, as marked in red on the accompanying map extract.

Statement of National Importance

The monument is of national importance because of its contribution to our understanding of medieval domestic and defensive architecture and because of the prominent part that it played in Scottish history from the 13th century to the 18th, notably during the Wars of Independence. Its importance is enhanced by the potential of its below-ground archaeological remains to shed further light on the material culture of its period of occupation and is reflected in its status as a Property in the Care of the Scottish Ministers.

References

Bibliography

RCAHMS records the monument as NJ 41 NE 4.

Bibliography:

Apted, M. (1962-3) Excavations at Kildrummy Castle 1952-62, Proc Soc Antiq Scot, 96, 208-36.

Cross, M. (1994) Bibliography of Monuments in the Care of the Secretary of State for Scotland, 389-91, Glasgow.

Simpson, W. D. (1923) The Castle of Kildrummy. Aberdeen.

Tabraham, C. (1986) Kildrummy Castel. HMSO: Edinburgh.

Historic Environment Scotland Properties

Kildrummy Castle

https://www.historicenvironment.scot/visit-a-place/places/kildrummy-castle

Find out more

Related Designations

  1. KILDRUMMY CASTLEGDL00237

    Designation Type
    Garden & Designed Landscape
    Status
    Designated

About Scheduled Monuments

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for the designation of buildings, monuments, gardens and designed landscapes and historic battlefields. We also advise Scottish Ministers on the designation of historic marine protected areas.

Scheduling is the way that a monument or archaeological site of national importance is recognised by law through the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979.

We schedule sites and monuments of national importance using the criteria published in the Historic Environment Scotland Policy Statement.

The description and map showing the scheduled area is the legal part of the scheduling. The additional information in the scheduled monument record gives an indication of the national importance of the monument(s). It is not a definitive account or a complete description of the monument(s). The format of scheduled monument records has changed over time. Earlier records will usually be brief and some information will not have been recorded. Scheduled monument consent is required to carry out certain work, including repairs, to scheduled monuments. Applications for scheduled monument consent are made to us. We are happy to discuss your proposals with you before you apply and we do not charge for advice or consent. More information about consent and how to apply for it can be found on our website at www.historicenvironment.scot.

Find out more about scheduling and our other designations at www.historicenvironment.scot. You can contact us on 0131 668 8716 or at designations@hes.scot.

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Printed: 21/04/2019 05:33