Listed Building

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site only. All other information in the record is not statutory.

DUNFERMLINE ABBEY, REMAINS OF DORTER AND REREDORTER RANGESLB46894

Status: Removed

Documents

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Summary

Category
A
Group Category Details
100000019 - see notes
Date Added
12/01/1971
Date Removed:
24/07/2017
Local Authority
Fife
Planning Authority
Fife
Burgh
Dunfermline
NGR
NT 8994 87243
Coordinates
308994, 687243

Removal Reason

The significance of this monument is recognised by its designations as a scheduled monument (see SM90116).

Description

Probably later 13th century. Partially remaining undercrofts of 2 separate parallel rectangular ranges running N/S; each with narrower remaining 2-bay elevation to S. Gothic; lancet windows with moulded arches (those to dorter joined by string course); splayed internally; remains of rib vaulting. Coursed dressed sandstone with ashlar dressings. Stepped base courses to both ranges.

REREDORTER: S ELEVATION: 2 windows; that to right partially intact. Remains of flanking buttresses. W ELEVATION: single window to S; remains of buttress to right. Otherwise adjoins bank of earth supporting churchyard. N ELEVATION: adjoins bank of earth supporting churchyard. E ELEVATION: foundations only extant. Remains of drain channel adjacent. INTERIOR: 4 bays in length; bays divided by chamfered wall shafts of vaulting. Fireplace to 2nd bay from S in W wall; triangular-headed entrance to adjacent bay to right. Inserted entrance to N wall.

DORTER: S ELEVATION: 4 windows; remains of central buttress and flanking buttresses. W ELEVATION: S wall of frater range adjoins at right angles to N. 2 and a half bays to S divided by remains of buttresses; 2 windows to outer right bay; one to left; entrance with moulded Gothic arch to N of S wall of frater range, opening into lobby of frater undercroft. E ELEVATION: Most of wall buried under churchyard. Single extant window to S. Buttress to left. N ELEVATION: buried underneath churchyard. INTERIOR: largely obscured by protruding embankment wall supporting churchyard. Bays divided by circular wall-shafts and subdivided by conical corbels formerly supporting sexpartite rib vaulting. Stone bench along wall.

Statement of Special Interest

Property in care. A-Group with Dunfermline Abbey, Nave, New Abbey Parish Church, Gatehouse, Frater Range, Palace and Kitchen and Entrance Gateways and Boundary Wall (see separate list descriptions). A Benedictine priory was established in Dunfermline in around 1070 by Queen Margaret, wife of Malcolm III. It was upgraded to an abbey by her son, David I in 1128. In 1304 the monastery buildings were partly destroyed by Edward I during the Wars of Independence. Judging by their existing remains, the dorter and reredorter were included in 'the few houses for monks' that were left standing.

Scheduled Ancient Monument.

References

Bibliography

David MacGibbon and Thomas Ross, THE ECCLESIASTICAL ARCHITECTURE OF SCOTLAND, VOL I (1971 facsimilie of 1896 publication) pp 230-58; RCAHMS, INVENTORY OF MONUMENTS AND CONSTRUCTIONS IN THE COUNTIES OF CLACKMANNAN pp 106-21; John Gifford, FIFE, in the 'Buildings of Scotland' series (1988) pp 175-85; Richard Fawcett, THE ABBEY AND PALACE OF DUNFERMLINE (Historic Scotland guidebook, 1990).

Historic Environment Scotland Properties

Dunfermline Abbey Nave and Palace

https://www.historicenvironment.scot/visit-a-place/places/dunfermline-abbey-and-palace

Find out more

Related Designations

  1. DUNFERMLINE ABBEY, GATEHOUSELB25963

    Designation Type
    Listed Building (A)
    Status
    Removed
  2. Dunfermline Abbey, Nave and memorials in burial ground, excluding scheduled monument SM90116, DunfermlineLB25960

    Designation Type
    Listed Building (A)
    Status
    Designated
  3. DUNFERMLINE ABBEY, REMAINS OF FRATER RANGELB46895

    Designation Type
    Listed Building (A)
    Status
    Removed
  4. DUNFERMLINE ABBEY, NEW ABBEY PARISH CHURCH, CHURCH OF SCOTLANDLB25961

    Designation Type
    Listed Building (A)
    Status
    Designated
  5. PITTENCRIEFF PARKGDL00315

    Designation Type
    Garden & Designed Landscape
    Status
    Designated
  6. DUNFERMLINE ABBEY, REMAINS OF PALACE AND KITCHENLB25965

    Designation Type
    Listed Building (A)
    Status
    Removed
  7. Dunfermline AbbeySM90116

    Designation Type
    Scheduled Monument
    Status
    Designated

About Listed Buildings

Listing is the way that a building or structure of special architectural or historic interest is recognised by law through the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings of special architectural or historic interest using the criteria published in the Historic Environment Scotland Policy Statement.

The statutory listing address is the legal part of the listing. The information in the listed building record gives an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building(s). It is not a definitive historical account or a complete description of the building(s). The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

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Printed: 15/11/2018 06:16