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Listed Building

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site only. All other information in the record is not statutory.

Former steading pavilions flanking Carsluith Castle, including L-plan building to northwest, excluding Scheduled Monument SM90062, Carsluith LB10104

Status: Designated

Documents

Where documents include maps, the use of this data is subject to terms and conditions.

Summary

Information

  • Category: C
  • Date Added: 04/11/1971
  • Last Date Amended: 10/05/2017

Location

  • Local Authority: Dumfries And Galloway
  • Planning Authority: Dumfries And Galloway
  • Parish: Kirkmabreck

National Grid Reference

  • NGR: NX 49464 54151
  • Coordinates: 249464, 554151

Description

A pair of late 19th/early 19th century former steading pavilions with L-plan steading building to the northwest. In accordance with Section 1 (4A) of the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997 the following is excluded from the listing: Scheduled Monument SM90062.

The pavilions are 2-storey structures, rectangular in plan with symmetrical piended roofs (hipped roofs with sloping rather than gabled ends). They stand to either side of Carsluith Castle, positioned forward of the castle's northeast elevation, linked to it by curtain walls. The pavilions are painted rubble with sash and case windows with mixed 12 and 4-pane glazing. There are slate roofs throughout with stone ridge tiles, lead flashings and cast-iron rainwater goods. There is a brick chimney to the west steading pavilion.

Both pavilions have paired arches to the northeast and a single arch facing inwards to the space in front of the castle. The southeast pavilion also has a single arch on the southeast wall. All these arches are now blocked or part-blocked in rubble, but most are pierced by smaller doors or windows.

The southeast pavilion is the former cart house and stable. There is a loft space above that is accessed via external stairs to the rear (south) of the building. The interior was partially seen in 2016. The building is in use as a café and there is no internal evidence of its former use as a cart house. The northwest pavilion is now in use as a dwelling house and has a single storey lean-to to the west.

The building to the northwest is a detached single storey steading range built in the early 19th century and extended to the south in the late 19th century. It is constructed of rubble, is painted and has a slate roof.

The interior of this building was partially seen in 2016. Part of the building is in use as a stable.

Statement of Special Interest

The former steading buildings at Carsluith are an unusual example of an agricultural complex which is laid out in a formal relationship with an earlier tower house. Their exteriors retain architectural features typical of their date. Their plan form is unusually short complement Carsluith Castle and include it as its centrepiece, resulting in a striking symmetrical composition.

In accordance with Section 1 (4A) of the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997 the following is excluded from the listing: Scheduled Monument SM90062.

Age and Rarity

The former steading buildings at Carsluith are part of a grouping of estate buildings related to the late 18th century Kirkdale House, which is located about 2.5km to the southeast. The castle at Carsluith was occupied by the Broun family until 1748, when the estate was sold to Alistair Johnston and then later to the Hannay family of Mochrum and Kirkdale. Nearby Kirkdale House was the seat of the Hannay family and was rebuilt to a design by Robert Adam in around 1787-1788. It is likely that the steading pavilions were planned around the castle after this time.

The Ordnance Survey Name Book for the parish (1850) describes Carsluith as the property of Miss Hannay of Kirkdale, comprising a 'large farmhouse and out offices' and the castle as 'situated on the farm of Carsluith', with Hannay as the owner. It may be that the northwest pavilion was the farmhouse described here.

The two pavilions and most of the building to the northwest appear on the 1st Edition Ordnance Survey map (surveyed 1850). The 2nd Edition Ordnance Survey map (surveyed in 1894) shows the northwest building extended to the southwest to form an L-plan. The listed building record written in 1971 suggests the pavilions date to the late 18th century. Gifford, in The Buildings of Scotland, dates them to around 1800.

In the 15th to 17th centuries, small castles and tower houses were typically surrounded by a barmkin, or walled enclosure, containing buildings such as a kitchen, outer hall and stables. The present pavilions occupy a location where earlier ancillary buildings may have been.

These buildings date from around the end of the 18th century, which makes them relatively early examples of Scottish farm buildings. Furthermore, the buildings are unusual because of their symmetrical layout with respect to the castle's northeast facade. The blocked arches on three sides of each pavilion are striking architectural features, and it seems possible that some at least were purely decorative and never open. While there has been some loss to the historic internal fabric, the buildings are unusual examples of their type for their symmetrical layout and architectural features. The way they have been designed to incorporate Carsluith Castle as their centrepiece increases their interest in listing terms.

Architectural or Historic Interest

Interior

The interiors of the buildings were partially seen in 2016. The range to the northwest retains the simple interior of a 19th century farm building, with floors paved with setts. The southeast pavilion retains no internal evidence of its use as a cart house and stable.

Plan form

The pavilions have an unusual plan for farm buildings, being relatively short, detached rectangular structures, with arches at the narrow end of each building. Their positioning with respect to each other and the castle is also unusual. The long, rectangular plan form of the northwest building, later extended to L plan, is typical for a 19th century farm building.

Technological excellence or innovation, material or design quality

The round arches of the pavilions are of good quality and are stylistically characteristic the years around 1800. These features complement the unusual layout of the pavilions, specifically designed to frame, and thus form the setting of, Carsluith Castle. This is an unusual scheme that adds to the interest of the buildings in listing terms.

Setting

The setting of the former steading buildings is dominated by the remains of the 15th to 16th century Carsluith Castle, a substantial stone structure with courtyard area to the front. The monument is scheduled (see SM90062) and is in the care of Scottish Ministers. The immediate setting of the group of farm buildings has changed little since the time of construction. The former steadings frame the castle, and stand on a promontory in a commanding position overlooking Wigton Bay to the south, and protected by a natural ravine to the east.

Regional variations

There are no known regional variations.

Close Historical Associations

There are no known associations with a person or event of national importance at

present (2017).

References

Bibliography

Canmore: http://canmore.org.uk/ CANMORE ID 63376 (accessed 15/03/2017)

Maps

Ordnance Survey (surveyed 1850, published 1853). Kirkcudbrightshire, Sheet 48 (includes: Kirkinner; Sorbie). 6 inches to the mile.1st Edition. Southampton: Ordnance Survey.

Ordnance Survey (surveyed 1894, published 1895). Kirkcudbrightshire 047.13 (includes: Kirkmabreck). 25 inches to the mile. 2nd Edition. Southampton: Ordnance Survey.

Printed Sources

Ordnance Survey Name Book (1850) Wigtownshire, Volume 68 (Parish of Kirkmabreck). p10.

Gifford, J. (1996) The Buildings of Scotland: Dumfries and Galloway. London: Penguin Books Ltd. p165.

Historic Environment Scotland Properties

Canmore

About Designations

Listed Buildings

Listing is the way that a building or structure of special architectural or historic interest is recognised by law through the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings of special architectural or historic interest using the criteria published in the Historic Environment Scotland Policy Statement.

The statutory listing address is the legal part of the listing. The information in the listed building record gives an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building(s). It is not a definitive historical account or a complete description of the building(s). The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

Listing covers both the exterior and the interior. Listing can cover structures not mentioned which are part of the curtilage of the building, such as boundary walls, gates, gatepiers, ancillary buildings etc. The planning authority is responsible for advising on what is covered by the listing including the curtilage of a listed building. For information about curtilage see www.historicenvironment.scot. Since 1 October 2015 we have been able to exclude items from a listing. If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the Historic Environment Scotland Act 2014. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect current legislation.

If you want to alter, extend or demolish a listed building you need to contact your planning authority to see if you need listed building consent. The planning authority is the main point of contact for all applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at www.historicenvironment.scot. You can contact us on 0131 668 8716 or at designations@hes.scot.

Images ()

Former steading, southeast pavilion, looking west, during daytime, on a cloudy day.
Former steading, northwest pavilion and steading, looking west, during daytime, on a cloudy day.

Map

Map

Printed: 27/06/2017 15:03