Scheduled Monument

Lochleven CastleSM90204

Status: Designated


Where documents include maps, the use of this data is subject to terms and conditions (


Date Added
Last Date Amended
Secular: castle
Local Authority
Perth And Kinross
NO 13734 1786
313734, 701786


The monument comprises the remains of Lochleven Castle. It lies on Castle Island in Loch Leven and is in the care of the Secretary of State for Scotland. It is being re-scheduled to clarify and extend the protected area.

The principal upstanding components of the monument comprise the remains of a tower-house and attached enclosure. The tower dates to the first half of the fourteenth century, though with later additions, making it one of Scotland's oldest tower-houses.

Parts of the enclosure wall appear to date to before 1300. To the north-west of the upstanding enclosure are the remains of an artificially levelled platform with traces of peripheral walling. This area appears to have formed an outer court of the castle.

As well as its archaeological and architectural importance, Lochleven Castle occupies a central place in Scottish history, most famously as the place where Mary Queen of Scots was imprisoned in 1567-8.

The area to be scheduled encompasses the remains described and an area around them within which related material may be expected to survive. It is irregular with measurements of 190m between its N and S-most points and 200m between its E and W-most points, as marked in red on the accompanying map extract.

Statement of National Importance

The monument is of national importance as a particularly fine example of a medieval castle. Its importance is reflected in its status as a Property in Care of the Secretary for Scotland.



RCAHMS records the monument as NO 10 SW 9.

Historic Environment Scotland Properties

Lochleven Castle

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About Scheduled Monuments

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for the designation of buildings, monuments, gardens and designed landscapes and historic battlefields. We also advise Scottish Ministers on the designation of historic marine protected areas.

Scheduling is the way that a monument or archaeological site of national importance is recognised by law through the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979.

We schedule sites and monuments of national importance using the criteria published in the Historic Environment Scotland Policy Statement.

The description and map showing the scheduled area is the legal part of the scheduling. The additional information in the scheduled monument record gives an indication of the national importance of the monument(s). It is not a definitive account or a complete description of the monument(s). The format of scheduled monument records has changed over time. Earlier records will usually be brief and some information will not have been recorded. Scheduled monument consent is required to carry out certain work, including repairs, to scheduled monuments. Applications for scheduled monument consent are made to us. We are happy to discuss your proposals with you before you apply and we do not charge for advice or consent. More information about consent and how to apply for it can be found on our website at

Find out more about scheduling and our other designations at You can contact us on 0131 668 8716 or at


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