Scheduled Monument

Lochleven CastleSM90204

Status: Designated


Where documents include maps, the use of this data is subject to terms and conditions (

The legal document available for download below constitutes the formal designation of the monument under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979. The additional details provided on this page are provided for information purposes only and do not form part of the designation. Historic Environment Scotland accepts no liability for any loss or damages arising from reliance on any inaccuracies within this additional information.


Date Added
Last Date Amended
Secular: castle
Local Authority
Perth And Kinross
NO 13734 1786
313734, 701786


The monument comprises the remains of Lochleven Castle. It lies on Castle Island in Loch Leven and is in the care of the Secretary of State for Scotland. It is being re-scheduled to clarify and extend the protected area.

The principal upstanding components of the monument comprise the remains of a tower-house and attached enclosure. The tower dates to the first half of the fourteenth century, though with later additions, making it one of Scotland's oldest tower-houses.

Parts of the enclosure wall appear to date to before 1300. To the north-west of the upstanding enclosure are the remains of an artificially levelled platform with traces of peripheral walling. This area appears to have formed an outer court of the castle.

As well as its archaeological and architectural importance, Lochleven Castle occupies a central place in Scottish history, most famously as the place where Mary Queen of Scots was imprisoned in 1567-8.

The area to be scheduled encompasses the remains described and an area around them within which related material may be expected to survive. It is irregular with measurements of 190m between its N and S-most points and 200m between its E and W-most points, as marked in red on the accompanying map extract.

Statement of National Importance

The monument is of national importance as a particularly fine example of a medieval castle. Its importance is reflected in its status as a Property in Care of the Secretary for Scotland.



RCAHMS records the monument as NO 10 SW 9.

Historic Environment Scotland Properties

Lochleven Castle

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About Scheduled Monuments

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating sites and places at the national level. These designations are Scheduled monuments, Listed buildings, Inventory of gardens and designed landscapes and Inventory of historic battlefields.

We make recommendations to the Scottish Government about historic marine protected areas, and the Scottish Ministers decide whether to designate.

Scheduling is the process that identifies, designates and provides statutory protection for monuments and archaeological sites of national importance as set out in the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979.

We schedule sites and monuments that are found to be of national importance using the selection guidance published in Designation Policy and Selection Guidance (2019)

Scheduled monument records provide an indication of the national importance of the scheduled monument which has been identified by the description and map. The description and map (see ‘legal documents’ above) showing the scheduled area is the designation of the monument under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979. The statement of national importance and additional information provided are supplementary and provided for general information purposes only. Historic Environment Scotland accepts no liability for any loss or damages arising from reliance on any inaccuracies within the statement of national importance or additional information. These records are not definitive historical or archaeological accounts or a complete description of the monument(s).

The format of scheduled monument records has changed over time. Earlier records will usually be brief. Some information will not have been recorded and the map will not be to current standards. Even if what is described and what is mapped has changed, the monument is still scheduled.

Scheduled monument consent is required to carry out certain work, including repairs, to scheduled monuments. Applications for scheduled monument consent are made to us. We are happy to discuss your proposals with you before you apply and we do not charge for advice or consent. More information about consent and how to apply for it can be found on our website at

Find out more about scheduling and our other designations at You can contact us on 0131 668 8914 or at


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Printed: 02/12/2022 10:35