Listed Building

The only legal part of the listing under the Planning (Listing Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997 is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing – see 'About Listed Buildings' below for more information. The further details below the 'Address/Name of Site' are provided for information purposes only.

Address/Name of Site


Status: Designated


There are no additional online documents for this record.


Date Added
Local Authority
West Lothian
Planning Authority
West Lothian
NT 08856 79016
308856, 679016


Built by Sir William Bruce 1699-1704 but remodelled and extended by William Adam 1721-48. Consists of corps de logis linked by quadrant colonnades to advanced pavilions. All of ashlar. Before E. front lies a semi-circular terrace ornamented with sphinxes.

CORPS DE LOGIS: Central part of W. front (2 storeys on basement; 7 bays; piended slated roof; portico) is work of Bruce. E. front (long facade faced with giant order of Corinthian pilasters; balustraded attic storey above cornice) is work of W. Adam.

Interior: stair by Bruce (carving by Alexander and William Eizat). Splendid suite of rooms (including Red and Yellow Drawing Rooms by Robert Adam).

PAVILIONS: 1 storey faced with pilasters; central octagonal towers capped by cupolas. Stables in N. pavilion; Ballroom in S.

Statement of Special Interest

John Hope of Hopetoun (Leadhills, Lanarkshire) purchased

Barony of Abercorn 1678 from <> Seton. This and other

properties acquired by Hope in this parish were consolidated

and called Hopetoun Estate. John's son and heir, Charles

(created Earl of Hopetoun 1703) undertook building of

mansion to replace Midhope House. General Sir John Hope,

4th Earl, was born here 1765. John Hope, 7th Earl, first

Governor of Australia, was created Marquess of Linlithgow







Vitruvius Brittanicus, 11 (plans; ills.)

Vitruvius Scoticus (plans; ills.)

About Listed Buildings

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating sites and places at the national level. These designations are Scheduled monuments, Listed buildings, Inventory of gardens and designed landscapes and Inventory of historic battlefields.

We make recommendations to the Scottish Government about historic marine protected areas, and the Scottish Ministers decide whether to designate.

Listing is the process that identifies, designates and provides statutory protection for buildings of special architectural or historic interest as set out in the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings which are found to be of special architectural or historic interest using the selection guidance published in Designation Policy and Selection Guidance (2019)

Listed building records provide an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building which has been identified by its statutory address. The description and additional information provided are supplementary and have no legal weight.

These records are not definitive historical accounts or a complete description of the building(s). If part of a building is not described it does not mean it is not listed. The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site which is known as the statutory address. Other than the name or address of a listed building, further details are provided for information purposes only. Historic Environment Scotland does not accept any liability for any loss or damage suffered as a consequence of inaccuracies in the information provided. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing. Even if a number or name is missing from a listing address it will still be listed. Listing covers both the exterior and the interior and any object or structure fixed to the building. Listing also applies to buildings or structures not physically attached but which are part of the curtilage (or land) of the listed building as long as they were erected before 1 July 1948.

While Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating listed buildings, the planning authority is responsible for determining what is covered by the listing, including what is listed through curtilage. However, for listed buildings designated or for listings amended from 1 October 2015, legal exclusions to the listing may apply.

If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the 1997 Act. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect subsequent legislation.

Listed building consent is required for changes to a listed building which affect its character as a building of special architectural or historic interest. The relevant planning authority is the point of contact for applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at You can contact us on 0131 668 8914 or at


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Printed: 26/02/2024 17:28