Listed Building

The only legal part of the listing under the Planning (Listing Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997 is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing – see 'About Listed Buildings' below for more information. The further details below the 'Address/Name of Site' are provided for information purposes only.

Address/Name of Site


Status: Designated


There are no additional online documents for this record.


Date Added
Local Authority
Planning Authority
NO 51906 32496
351906, 732496


Circa 1860. Single storey 3 bay rectangular plan pitch-roofed timber training building converted to gymnasium in 2001. Painted timber tongue and groove weatherboarding; painted brick plinth. Large square-headed entrance opening to W elevation with sliding timber doors approached by rebuilt concrete steps. Pair of metal training gunports to E elevation: 2 leaf shutters with low flap and long metal hinges; flanking hinges and stop blocks; ventilators below.

Small pane glazing in timber sash and case windows with horns. Replacement corrugated asbestos roof. Cast-iron rainwater goods with anchor motifs to hoppers.

INTERIOR: now gymnasium. Retains timber king-post roof structure with later steel reinforcing girders. Original varnished timber boarded floor. Gunports in splayed openings with flanking cupboards for ancillary materials. Holes in ceiling remain from smoke hoods (removed). Trapdoor in SE corner leading to cellar in brick plinth.

Statement of Special Interest

The gunnery gymnasium is a highly unusual structure without a direct comparison in Scotland. It is a rare survival of a mid 19th century naval armament training facility. The building's exterior remains substantially unaltered and the conversion of the interior into a gym in 2001 has not significantly altered the features which evidence the buildings former use. The building is particularly notable for the metal mock gunports which simulate those found on contemporary warships. Other features of interest include the timber king-post roof structure and the anchor motifs on the rainwater goods which demonstrate its Naval connection.

The building was constructed as a naval training facility, simulating the gundeck of a warship. The building is contemporary with HMS Warrior, the first iron hulled ship constructed by the Royal Navy and the ports on the building are similar to those on the warship. As Barry Buddon was also used by locals as a golf course, local newspapers reported that ther training activity 'somewhat interfered with golf', McLeod, p 45)

Warship technology improved greatly from the 1860s and firing from this type of gunport quickly became obsolete. The building became redundant within a decade of construction. The training camp latterly became an artillery installation.



2nd Edition Ordnance Survey Map (1898). RCAHMS, 'Barry Buddon Training Area: 19th Century Gunnery Training Room and Early 20th Century Gun Emplacements' (2005) pp 12-21. C McLeod 'Barry Buddon; A Major Scottish Sand Dune System', The Scottish Naturalist, Vol 117, 2005, p46. Canmore Database,, accessed 27.03.2007.

About Listed Buildings

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating sites and places at the national level. These designations are Scheduled monuments, Listed buildings, Inventory of gardens and designed landscapes and Inventory of historic battlefields.

We make recommendations to the Scottish Government about historic marine protected areas, and the Scottish Ministers decide whether to designate.

Listing is the process that identifies, designates and provides statutory protection for buildings of special architectural or historic interest as set out in the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings which are found to be of special architectural or historic interest using the selection guidance published in Designation Policy and Selection Guidance (2019)

Listed building records provide an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building which has been identified by its statutory address. The description and additional information provided are supplementary and have no legal weight.

These records are not definitive historical accounts or a complete description of the building(s). If part of a building is not described it does not mean it is not listed. The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site which is known as the statutory address. Other than the name or address of a listed building, further details are provided for information purposes only. Historic Environment Scotland does not accept any liability for any loss or damage suffered as a consequence of inaccuracies in the information provided. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing. Even if a number or name is missing from a listing address it will still be listed. Listing covers both the exterior and the interior and any object or structure fixed to the building. Listing also applies to buildings or structures not physically attached but which are part of the curtilage (or land) of the listed building as long as they were erected before 1 July 1948.

While Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating listed buildings, the planning authority is responsible for determining what is covered by the listing, including what is listed through curtilage. However, for listed buildings designated or for listings amended from 1 October 2015, legal exclusions to the listing may apply.

If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the 1997 Act. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect subsequent legislation.

Listed building consent is required for changes to a listed building which affect its character as a building of special architectural or historic interest. The relevant planning authority is the point of contact for applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at You can contact us on 0131 668 8914 or at


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Printed: 21/07/2024 05:42