Listed Building

The only legal part of the listing under the Planning (Listing Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997 is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing – see 'About Listed Buildings' below for more information. The further details below the 'Address/Name of Site' are provided for information purposes only.

Address/Name of Site

GUARDBRIDGE, SEGGIE HOUSE INCLUDING GATE LODGE AND WALLED GARDENLB50494

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Category
C
Date Added
07/06/2006
Local Authority
Fife
Planning Authority
Fife
Parish
Leuchars
NGR
NO 44610 19106
Coordinates
344610, 719106

Description

Andrew Heiton Junior, circa 1860-1870. Large 2-storey courtyard plan Italianate villa with 3-stage square tower. Coursed droved sandstone ashlar with raised quoins. Base course, band course, advanced gables, overhanging eaves, classical detailing. Variety of window openings, bipartite, tripartite, some keystoned segmental arches to 1st floor, canted bay, and square bay.

WEST (ENTRANCE) ELEVATION: 5-bay with near-central advanced entrance tower with round-arched 4-panel timber door set within roll-moulded and keystoned opening. Above, consoled and ball-finialed balcony pierced with St Andrews cross motif. Stages separated by string courses, top stage with bipartite round-arched windows and consoled cornice and ball-finialed pierced balustrade to match. To left, pair of gabled bays, to right, 2 bays, the outer one gabled and slightly advanced.

INTERIOR: good quality, especially timberwork. Few original chimneypieces extant, predominantly 4-panel timber doors, working shutters, good decorative classical plaster cornicework to principal rooms. Entrance hall with large round arched stone niche and timber staircase with decorative balusters. Simple stained glass stair window. Billiard room with coombed strapwork ceiling, dado height timber panelling with integral Ionic columned chimneypiece. Boarded timber to tower room stair, decorative cast-iron balusters with timber handrail leads to observation deck.

Pitched roofs; grey slate. Predominantly plate glass and 4-pane timber sash and case windows, some with horns. Cast iron rainwater goods. Large consoled and corniced stacks with decorative clay cans.

GATE LODGE: circa 1900, with distinctive bowed 3-light corner window with conical slate roof. Single storey, squared and snecked sandstone, overhanging eaves, advanced pitched roof entrance porch to 3-bay E elevation. Timber sliding sash and case windows, predominantly 6-pane over 2-pane, 12-pane over 2-pane to bowed window. Graded grey slates. Gable stacks. Interior: simple, original room plan extant, 4-panel timber doors, some now part-glazed.

WALLED GARDEN: late to later 19th century. Rectangular plan with rounded ends, Queen Anne style red brick with flat sandstone coping with curvilinear shaped gable opposite entrance and evenly spaced segmental headed gables. S (entrance) wall composed of low squared and snecked sandstone wall with interlace hooped railings above and central round-arched keystoned and ball-finialled entrance. Heavily restored glasshouse to South elevation of N wall. Lean-to potting sheds to outer N wall with predominantly 12-pane timber sash and case windows and boarded timber doors with 3-light glazed panel.

Statement of Special Interest

A good example of the work of Andrew Heiton Jnr (1823-94) with fine architectural detailing and a particularly notable Italianate tower. Instances of Heiton's work in Fife are comparatively rare as he is more closely associated with his native Perthshire where he built up a large country house and suburban villa practice. Seggie House is unusual within the Fife country house tradition in that its then popular Italianate style with 3 stage tower has the feel of a suburban merchant's villa but transported to the Fife countryside. It has particularly well-detailed stonework and its distinctive tower along with the bow-windowed lodge form a significant feature in the landscape.

Seggie House was built for the Haig family who owned the nearby Seggie Whisky Distillery in Guardbridge. The distillery was founded in 1810 but by 1873 William Haig decided to convert it to a paper mill, forming the Guardbridge Paper Company. Although now in different ownership, the paper mill continues today in Guardbridge.

Buildings of Scotland notes the date of construction as around 1860 and the Savills sales particulars as 1870. It is possible that it was constructed as part of the change of industry at the associated mill and its date may therefore be closer to 1870. It is also suggested in Buildings of Scotland that the lodge is contemporary with the house, however, it does not appear until the 1912-13 ordnance survey map, suggesting that it is in fact later than the house. The walled garden is shown along with the house on the 1893-5 2nd edition map.

References

Bibliography

2nd edition Ordnance Survey Map (1893-5). Ordnance Survey Map (1912-3). J Gifford, The Buildings of Scotland - Fife (1988), p238. Savills Sales Particulars - Seggie House (2006).

About Listed Buildings

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating sites and places at the national level. These designations are Scheduled monuments, Listed buildings, Inventory of gardens and designed landscapes and Inventory of historic battlefields.

We make recommendations to the Scottish Government about historic marine protected areas, and the Scottish Ministers decide whether to designate.

Listing is the process that identifies, designates and provides statutory protection for buildings of special architectural or historic interest as set out in the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings which are found to be of special architectural or historic interest using the selection guidance published in Designation Policy and Selection Guidance (2019)

Listed building records provide an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building which has been identified by its statutory address. The description and additional information provided are supplementary and have no legal weight.

These records are not definitive historical accounts or a complete description of the building(s). If part of a building is not described it does not mean it is not listed. The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site which is known as the statutory address. Other than the name or address of a listed building, further details are provided for information purposes only. Historic Environment Scotland does not accept any liability for any loss or damage suffered as a consequence of inaccuracies in the information provided. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing. Even if a number or name is missing from a listing address it will still be listed. Listing covers both the exterior and the interior and any object or structure fixed to the building. Listing also applies to buildings or structures not physically attached but which are part of the curtilage (or land) of the listed building as long as they were erected before 1 July 1948.

While Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating listed buildings, the planning authority is responsible for determining what is covered by the listing, including what is listed through curtilage. However, for listed buildings designated or for listings amended from 1 October 2015, legal exclusions to the listing may apply.

If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the 1997 Act. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect subsequent legislation.

Listed building consent is required for changes to a listed building which affect its character as a building of special architectural or historic interest. The relevant planning authority is the point of contact for applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at www.historicenvironment.scot/advice-and-support. You can contact us on 0131 668 8914 or at designations@hes.scot.

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Printed: 03/10/2022 15:47