Listed Building

The only legal part of the listing under the Planning (Listing Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997 is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing – see 'About Listed Buildings' below for more information. The further details below the 'Address/Name of Site' are provided for information purposes only.

Address/Name of Site

1 - 14 (INCLUSIVE NUMBERS) DE WALDEN TERRACE INCLUDING BOUNDARY WALLS AND OUTBUILDINGSLB48716

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Category
B
Date Added
01/08/2002
Local Authority
East Ayrshire
Planning Authority
East Ayrshire
Burgh
Kilmarnock
NGR
NS 43385 38001
Coordinates
243385, 638001

Description

Gabriel Andrew, circa 1896 - 1904. Seven 2-storey, 4-bay rectangular-plan houses forming stepped L-plan terrace; further 2-storey, 4-bay house to end of terrace. Red Ballochmyle rock-faced ashlar with polished sandstone dressings. Yellow stock brick with red sandstone lintels and sills to rear; red stock brick to E gable of end house. Slightly projecting margins and deep base course. Half-timbered gables to bay windows. Stepped, plain skew gables with squared skewputts dividing houses.

W (3-14) ELEVATION: essentially 7 houses comprising: 2-storey, 4-bay. Architraved door surround to 1st and 3rd bays, arched pediment and broken-apex triangular pediment surmounting respectively, 2-leaf timber panelled doors with rectangular timber and single paned fanlights; 2-storey, 3-light canted bay window to 2nd bay, bipartite window to 4th bay. To 1st floor: single window to bays 1 and 3, bipartite window to 4th bay, all with bracketed sills. Piended half-timbered bracketed gable surmounting 2nd bay canted bay window.

E (REAR) ELEVATION: 2-storey, 4-bay: regular fenestration to first 3 bays with door to ground floor middle bay, projecting 2-storey 4th bay with window and door to ground floor, single window to 1st floor, roof light to catslide roof.

N ELEVATION: blind gable with central roof stack, sandstone boundary wall attached to ground floor right.

S (Numbers 1 & 2) ELEVATION: end of terrace: slightly projecting 2-storey, 3-light canted bay window to left; low wall with turned timber balustrades supporting open piended porch in re-entrant angle to 2nd bay, 2-leaf timber door with rectangular fanlight surmounting, single window above to 1st floor, bipartite windows to both storeys on right. Single bay addition to right: central canted 3-light bay window, bracketed half timbered gable supported by bay window; to right return: single window to left on both storeys, much later lean-to to ground floor right.

2-pane timber sash and case windows to principal elevation. Varying pane and material replacement glazing to rear elevation. Piended grey slate roof, overhanging at eaves; catslide type roof to rear stair tower. Metal ridging, flashing and valleys. Painted cast-iron rainwater goods, some now later plastic replacements. Red brick stacks with projecting red sandstone neck copes, multi-canned.

INTERIOR: good level of original timberwork remains to most houses, i.e. skirting boards, semi-panelled interior halls; some cornicing and picture rails.

BOUNDARY WALLS AND OUTBUILDINGS: very low coursed sandstone walls, segmental copes, some swept angle copes to former gate entrances. Harled and painted yellow brick S boundary wall, yellow brick E boundary walls with glazed segmental terracotta copes to all properties. Former semi-detached, single storey, washhouses at rear of garden ground in-built into boundary walls, mostly converted with modern metal garage doors. Piended roofs.

Statement of Special Interest

The terrace runs from Holehouse Road to the railway line at the bottom of Kay Park. Gabriel Andrew, a prominent local architect, designed the row at the end of the 19th century. It was named De Walden Terrace after the De Walden family who owned Dean Castle and much of the land in the Kilmarnock area. The lands had belonged to the 5th Duke of Portland, but on his death in 1879 the Ayrshire lands were divided, a great part going, not to the then Duke, but to Lady Howard De Walden and her descendants. Lady De Walden embarked on numerous architectural projects; many of them well-designed housing, which was then sold. The early buyers of these houses tended to be white-collar workers (such as teachers and an insurance superintendent) or local business owners, such as butchers. The architect, Andrew, was well known in Kilmarnock at the time for the commercial buildings he designed in the town centre, especially Bank Street and John Finnie Street. His residential designs are lesser known, although the Evelyn Villas, on Holehouse Road, are also one of his schemes. De Walden Terrace is quite unusual as the accommodation is actually flats designed to resemble whole houses. The stairs to the upper floor are contained within a projecting bay to the rear of the property. The wash houses to the rear of the garden

ground still survive, although most have now been converted into garages and storage sheds. Listed as a good surviving example of a little-altered terrace by a respected local architect.

References

Bibliography

6"/mile ORDNANCE SURVEY (1896) map showing phase one of De Walden Terrace. Dean of Guilds, Kilmarnock, plan 1117, case 1904 - 1905: PROPOSED ALTERATIONS & ADDITONS TO 1 & 2 DE WALDEN TERRACE FOR G & M SCHOOLER (1904, unsigned) & plan 1336, case 1300 - 1400:PROPOSED ALTERATINOS AT JOHN SHEARER'S PROPERTY, 8 DE WALDEN TERRACE (1907, William Pollock (builder), 81 John Finnie Street, Kilmarnock). Frank Beattie, STREETS AND NEUKS - OLD KILMARNOCK (2000) p23 for De Walden Terrace.

About Listed Buildings

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating sites and places at the national level. These designations are Scheduled monuments, Listed buildings, Inventory of gardens and designed landscapes and Inventory of historic battlefields.

We make recommendations to the Scottish Government about historic marine protected areas, and the Scottish Ministers decide whether to designate.

Listing is the process that identifies, designates and provides statutory protection for buildings of special architectural or historic interest as set out in the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings which are found to be of special architectural or historic interest using the selection guidance published in Designation Policy and Selection Guidance (2019)

Listed building records provide an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building which has been identified by its statutory address. The description and additional information provided are supplementary and have no legal weight.

These records are not definitive historical accounts or a complete description of the building(s). If part of a building is not described it does not mean it is not listed. The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site which is known as the statutory address. Other than the name or address of a listed building, further details are provided for information purposes only. Historic Environment Scotland does not accept any liability for any loss or damage suffered as a consequence of inaccuracies in the information provided. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing. Even if a number or name is missing from a listing address it will still be listed. Listing covers both the exterior and the interior and any object or structure fixed to the building. Listing also applies to buildings or structures not physically attached but which are part of the curtilage (or land) of the listed building as long as they were erected before 1 July 1948.

While Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating listed buildings, the planning authority is responsible for determining what is covered by the listing, including what is listed through curtilage. However, for listed buildings designated or for listings amended from 1 October 2015, legal exclusions to the listing may apply.

If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the 1997 Act. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect subsequent legislation.

Listed building consent is required for changes to a listed building which affect its character as a building of special architectural or historic interest. The relevant planning authority is the point of contact for applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at www.historicenvironment.scot/advice-and-support. You can contact us on 0131 668 8914 or at designations@hes.scot.

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