Listed Building

The only legal part of the listing under the Planning (Listing Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997 is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing – see 'About Listed Buildings' below for more information. The further details below the 'Address/Name of Site' are provided for information purposes only.

Address/Name of Site

TANKERNESS FISHING STATION, INCLUDING CURING HOUSE, SALT WAREHOUSE, BOTHY AND PIERLB46151

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Category
B
Date Added
05/05/1999
Local Authority
Orkney Islands
Planning Authority
Orkney Islands
Parish
St Andrews And Deerness
NGR
HY 52261 8620
Coordinates
352261, 1008620

Description

Earlier to mid 19th century group of structures. Harl-pointed.

SALT WAREHOUSE: 2-storey, 5-bay rectangular-plan asymmetrical gutting shed with later pitched-roofed entrance porch to left

S (ENTRANCE) ELEVATION: window at 1st floor in 2 central bays. Window at ground floor in bay to left. Window to gabled entrance porch in bay to penultimate left; boarded door in right return. Window at ground in bay to outer left.

N (REAR) ELEVATION: irregular, 4-bay elevation. Window at ground in 2 bays to left of centre. Window at ground , with non-aligned window at 1st floor in 2 bays to right of centre. Evidence of wide, blocked, square-headed doorway in bay to centre.

E (SIDE) ELEVATION: wide, segmental-arched doorway at ground; tall pointed-arched boarded loft door to above; remnants of iron pulley to gablehead.

W (SIDE) ELEVATION: window set to left at 1st floor of gabled elevation.

4-pane timber sash and case, and fixed windows. Graded stone slate roof with slightly swept eaves; stone ridge; rubble, corniced ridge and gablehead stacks.

INTERIOR: timber staircase to 1st floor; remainder, not seen fully, 1998.

BOTHY: single storey, 3-bay, rectangular-plan symmetrical bothy sited to W of main shed. Harl-pointed rubble.

E (PRINCIPAL) ELEVATION: doorway with 2-pane fanlight in bay to centre. Window in each bay flanking.

W (REAR) ELEVATION: window in bay to centre. Window in bay to left.

S (SIDE) ELEVATION: window set to right o centre; gablehead stack above.

12-pane timber sash and case windows to E; broken 2-pane timber sash and case windows elsewhere. Graded stone tiled roof; red clay ridge; harled, corniced gablehead stacks; thack stanes.

CURING HOUSE: 2-storey, 6-bay rectangular-plan asymmetrical boiler house with single storey lean-to addition along rear (E) elevation. Squared rubble.

W (PRINCIPAL) ELEVATION: window at each floor in bay to centre with tall external stack flanking to left. Doorway with small-pane fanlight at ground in bay to right. Window at each floor in bay to outer right. 2 windows set close at ground in bays to left; large window/doorway at 1st floor above. Window at each floor in bay to outer left.

4- and 12-pane timber sash and case windows (broken). Graded stone tiled roof; stone ridge; rubble, corniced gablehead stacks.

PIER: simple rectangular-plan pier; rubble sides; flagstone surface; 3 evenly disposed step niches along W side; central timber bollards; upended cannon to S (seaward) end.

Statement of Special Interest

Herring curing in Tankerness started in 1833 at a time when herring fishing in Orkney in general was on the increase. A total of 724 herring boats were catching about 42 073 barrels a year. The operation in Tankerness was only just getting into its stride, although fishermen in the parish had been delivering their fish to other stations to be cured for some years before. The station at Tankerness represents a typical and relatively well-preserved group of herring industry-related buildings and accompanying pier. The precise function of each building is not known, but the complex would have provided space for coopers, and packers as well as the large numbers of women employed to clean and salt the fish. The main central building was perhaps used to hang the fish to dry although lack of visible ventilation in the roof suggests that this might not have been the case. The building to E was perhaps used to store the barrels into which the fish had been packed or as a net warehouse.

References

Bibliography

Appears on 1st edition OS map (1882); A Fenton, THE NORTHERN ISLES: ORKNEY AND SHETLAND (1978), p 604; L Burgher, ORKNEY, AN ILLUSTRATED ARCHITECTURAL GUIDE (1991), p 31; AHSS Spring Tour Guide Book (1994), D20.1, (P); NMRS Photographic Records.

About Listed Buildings

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating sites and places at the national level. These designations are Scheduled monuments, Listed buildings, Inventory of gardens and designed landscapes and Inventory of historic battlefields.

We make recommendations to the Scottish Government about historic marine protected areas, and the Scottish Ministers decide whether to designate.

Listing is the process that identifies, designates and provides statutory protection for buildings of special architectural or historic interest as set out in the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings which are found to be of special architectural or historic interest using the selection guidance published in Designation Policy and Selection Guidance (2019)

Listed building records provide an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building which has been identified by its statutory address. The description and additional information provided are supplementary and have no legal weight.

These records are not definitive historical accounts or a complete description of the building(s). If part of a building is not described it does not mean it is not listed. The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site which is known as the statutory address. Other than the name or address of a listed building, further details are provided for information purposes only. Historic Environment Scotland does not accept any liability for any loss or damage suffered as a consequence of inaccuracies in the information provided. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing. Even if a number or name is missing from a listing address it will still be listed. Listing covers both the exterior and the interior and any object or structure fixed to the building. Listing also applies to buildings or structures not physically attached but which are part of the curtilage (or land) of the listed building as long as they were erected before 1 July 1948.

While Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating listed buildings, the planning authority is responsible for determining what is covered by the listing, including what is listed through curtilage. However, for listed buildings designated or for listings amended from 1 October 2015, legal exclusions to the listing may apply.

If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the 1997 Act. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect subsequent legislation.

Listed building consent is required for changes to a listed building which affect its character as a building of special architectural or historic interest. The relevant planning authority is the point of contact for applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at www.historicenvironment.scot/advice-and-support. You can contact us on 0131 668 8914 or at designations@hes.scot.

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Printed: 06/10/2022 11:46