Listed Building

The only legal part of the listing is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing – see ‘About Listed Buildings’ below for more information.

CAMBUSNETHAN, KIRK ROAD, CAMBUSNETHAN OLD PARISH CHURCH (CHURCH OF SCOTLAND) INCLUDING CHURCH HALL, VESTRY AND SESSION HOUSE, WAR MEMORIAL, BOUNDARY WALL, GATEPIERS, GATES AND RAILINGSLB38235

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Category
C
Date Added
24/10/1978
Local Authority
North Lanarkshire
Planning Authority
North Lanarkshire
Burgh
Motherwell And Wishaw
NGR
NS 80638 55354
Coordinates
280638, 655354

Description

Thomas Burns, 1839. Early gothic church, aligned N-S, T-plan church, 3-stage entrance tower with elongated 2nd stage terminating in corner pinnacles. Squared and tooled sandstone coursers with ashlar margins. Diagonal buttresses with sawtoothcoping, stopped hoodmoulds to openings with chamfered reveals, geometric tracery, string course to cill level.

N (PRINCIPAL) ELEVATION: 3-bay, symmetrical. 3-stage engaged entrance tower to centre; Tudor arch entrance with double chamfered rolled moulding to reveal, panelled timber door; castellated dividing band between 1st and 2nd stages with gabled coping; elongated window to centre; blind cusped arcade below trefoliated arcade with plain columns to 3rd-stage; terminating in plain entablature, castellated balustrade with raised pyramidal corner pinnacles. Large single window to flanking bays.

S (REAR) ELEVATION: 5-bay, symmetrical. Gabled bay to centre with 2 windows, blank flanking bays. Single storey offices abutting at ground.

E (SIDE) ELEVATION: 4-bay, asymmetrical, regular fenestration; advanced gabled double bay to left; door in bay to far right with correspondingly truncated window above.

W (SIDE) ELEVATION: mirror to E, except stone steps to door.

Leaded diamond-pane windows. Grey slates, lead flashing, stone coped skews, finialed gables, coped stack to S gable, cast-iron rainwater goods.

INTERIOR: plain galleried interior with modern fixtures and fittings.

VESTRY AND SESSIONS HOUSE: later 19th century addition. Single storey front-facing gabled block, adjoined to rear of church. Squared and snecked sandstone coursers with ashlar margins. Tripartite segmental-arched window with stone mullions to centre, oculus to gablehead, sawtooth buttresses. Single storey communications passage to left; 2 small cusped windows. Adjoining entrance porch on the left; depressed arch door with chamfered reveals and flanking buttresses to finialed gable at centre.

Leaded windows, grey slates ands lead flashings, cast-iron rainwater goods.

INTERIOR: plain plastered offices.

CHURCH HALL: adjoining porch to left. Later 19th century. 2-storey, rectangular-plan, gabled hall; large Tudor arched window to centre of gable, stone mullioned and transomed with intersecting tracery, hoodmould; flanking buttrusses; 4 large mullioned and transomed windows to S return.

Lead windows. Concrete roof tiles.

WAR MEMORIAL: freestanding tripartite arch; pointed-arch to centre with blind narrow flanking bays. Cavetto moulded reveal; small nepus gable with cross-finial; gabled buttresses to flanking bays; carved serpent entwined around spear to left buttress, sword beneath a crown to right; gabled parapet with saw tooth coping.

N (PRINCIPAL) ELEVATION: keystone carved with grapes and cross: statue of knight upon plinth within lancet arch niche to nepus gable.

S (REAR) ELEVATION: nepus gable inscribed: TO THE GLORY OF GOD CAMBUSNETHAN PARISH CHURCH 1914 + WAR MEMORIAL.

BOUNDARY WALL AND RAILINGS: waist-high wall, squared sandstone coursers, piended and jettied coping; gatepiers with jettied pyramidal caps to wall to church. Leading to low wall, squared sandstone coursers with flat coping stones, supporting modern cast-iron railings to offices.

Statement of Special Interest

Ecclesiastical building still in use as such. Thomas Burns of Glasgow designed several parish churches before the Disruption of 1844 when he fell from favour having been closely associated with the landed interest. The old parish Kirk of Cambusnethan was condemned as "damp, unsafe and dangerous" by the Edinburgh architect Andrew Burn in 1837 and work started on the "New Church" on an adjacent site in 1839. Burns' original dimensions for the nave were increased as Lord Belhaven the chair of the Heritor's thought "it would look much better". Work was carried out by local contractors; masons Smith and Co. and joiners Hendersons.

Typifying the Disruption, the Church was not opened until 1851 due to an ongoing dispute between the Minister and the Church Heritors. This particular schism had started in 1837 when the minister had refused to provide Lord Belhaven with the keys to the old Kirk for Andrew Burn's inspection leading Belhaven to smash the door. Belhaven was particularly incensed as the keys were normally to be readily found behind the bar at the next door inn.

References

Bibliography

SRO/HR/712/1; H Colivn, BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY OF BRITISH ARCHITECTS, Yale, 1995, p193.

About Listed Buildings

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating sites and places at the national level. These designations are Scheduled monuments, Listed buildings, Inventory of gardens and designed landscapes and Inventory of historic battlefields.

We make recommendations to the Scottish Government about historic marine protected areas, and the Scottish Ministers decide whether to designate.

Listing is the process that identifies, designates and provides statutory protection for buildings of special architectural or historic interest as set out in the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings which are found to be of special architectural or historic interest using the selection guidance published in Designation Policy and Selection Guidance (2019)

Listed building records provide an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building which has been identified by its statutory address. The description and additional information provided are supplementary and have no legal weight.

These records are not definitive historical accounts or a complete description of the building(s). If part of a building is not described it does not mean it is not listed. The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site which is known as the statutory address. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing. Even if a number or name is missing from a listing address it will still be listed. Listing covers both the exterior and the interior and any object or structure fixed to the building. Listing also applies to buildings or structures not physically attached but which are part of the curtilage (or land) of the listed building as long as they were erected before 1 July 1948.

While Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating listed buildings, the planning authority is responsible for determining what is covered by the listing, including what is listed through curtilage. However, for listed buildings designated or for listings amended from 1 October 2015, legal exclusions to the listing may apply.

If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the 1997 Act. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect subsequent legislation.

Listed building consent is required for changes to a listed building which affect its character as a building of special architectural or historic interest. The relevant planning authority is the point of contact for applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at www.historicenvironment.scot/advice-and-support. You can contact us on 0131 668 8914 or at designations@hes.scot.

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Printed: 17/09/2019 01:45