Listed Building

The only legal part of the listing under the Planning (Listing Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997 is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing – see 'About Listed Buildings' below for more information. The further details below the 'Address/Name of Site' are provided for information purposes only.

Address/Name of Site


Status: Designated


There are no additional online documents for this record.


Date Added
Local Authority
Dumfries And Galloway
Planning Authority
Dumfries And Galloway
NX 72977 66985
272977, 566985


T-plan church built 1751, tall round tower probably late

16th-17th century origin, top part later rebuilt; church

interior early 19th century.

Symmetrical T-plan church, painted rubble with polished

margins. S elevation with round tower to centre flanked by 2

lancet windows with timber Y-tracery.

To E and W gables single-storey piend-roofed projecting

porches, single lancet to gable above. N jamb round-arched

window. Piended slate roofs to church. Tower painted rough

rubble. Pointed-arched door at foot. 2 small blocked

round-arched roll-moulded windows are visible above door

indicating a late 16th-mid 17th-century date for the tower.

Top 1/4 of tower seems to have been rebuilt in 19th-century

from which time date the louvred openings and fish-scale

slate conical roof with iron weathervane-finial.

Interior: well preserved early 19th-century interior.

Panel-fronted gallery to 3 sides supported on cast-iron

columns. Box pews in 1822 layout. Pulpit to centre of S wall

flanked by stained-glass lancets. Behind pulpit pilastered

corniced 'reredos' doorpiece leads down to tower.

Churchyard: rubble-walled coped churchyard with some good

18th and early 19th century gravestones. Tomb of covenanting

martyr William Graham d. 1682.

Statement of Special Interest

Round towers such as this are extremely rare, the only

comparable example in SW Scotland being that at Portpatrick

Parish Church (1629) in Wigtownshire which may have served a

dual function as navigational beacon and belfry. The old bell

at Crossmichael church is dated 1611 which may give an

approximate date for the tower. The interior also is

unusually well preserved. The Church forms an A group with

the Gordon of Greenlaw memorial in the churchyard.

Ecclesiastical building in use as such.



SRO RHP 7860. IIIrd SA Groome. PSAS

About Listed Buildings

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating sites and places at the national level. These designations are Scheduled monuments, Listed buildings, Inventory of gardens and designed landscapes and Inventory of historic battlefields.

We make recommendations to the Scottish Government about historic marine protected areas, and the Scottish Ministers decide whether to designate.

Listing is the process that identifies, designates and provides statutory protection for buildings of special architectural or historic interest as set out in the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings which are found to be of special architectural or historic interest using the selection guidance published in Designation Policy and Selection Guidance (2019)

Listed building records provide an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building which has been identified by its statutory address. The description and additional information provided are supplementary and have no legal weight.

These records are not definitive historical accounts or a complete description of the building(s). If part of a building is not described it does not mean it is not listed. The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site which is known as the statutory address. Other than the name or address of a listed building, further details are provided for information purposes only. Historic Environment Scotland does not accept any liability for any loss or damage suffered as a consequence of inaccuracies in the information provided. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing. Even if a number or name is missing from a listing address it will still be listed. Listing covers both the exterior and the interior and any object or structure fixed to the building. Listing also applies to buildings or structures not physically attached but which are part of the curtilage (or land) of the listed building as long as they were erected before 1 July 1948.

While Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating listed buildings, the planning authority is responsible for determining what is covered by the listing, including what is listed through curtilage. However, for listed buildings designated or for listings amended from 1 October 2015, legal exclusions to the listing may apply.

If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the 1997 Act. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect subsequent legislation.

Listed building consent is required for changes to a listed building which affect its character as a building of special architectural or historic interest. The relevant planning authority is the point of contact for applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at You can contact us on 0131 668 8914 or at


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