Listed Building

The only legal part of the listing under the Planning (Listing Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997 is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing – see 'About Listed Buildings' below for more information. The further details below the 'Address/Name of Site' are provided for information purposes only.

Address/Name of Site


Status: Designated


There are no additional online documents for this record.


Group Category Details
100000020 - See Notes
Date Added
Local Authority
Dumfries And Galloway
Planning Authority
Dumfries And Galloway
NX 58470 49700
258470, 549700


The original Knockbrex House, (from a pre-1900 photograph),

was a plain harled house of circa 1820, 3-bay and 2-storey

with tripartite ground-plan, piended slate roof and 2 axial

stacks, to the W was a single storey L-plan service range.

In 1900 it was refaced and incorporated in a large

asymmetrical country house built for James Brown of

Knockbrex. The core of the older house lies now to the SE

with an additional bay to the E; the W range was raised to

2-storeys and attics, rubble walling with granite margins to

angles and openings. Moulded granite eaves cornice, slate


N ELEVATION: long 2-storey elevation with refaced early

19th-century 3-bay block to E. 3-bay original part; the

centre bay has been shallow advanced and given a broad gable,

pedimented porch with granite columns, double-leaf panelled

doors retained from earlier house. Flanking porch, blocked

sidelights, above, tripartite window. Otherwise all windows

single light, that to ground right now door, all sash and

case with small-pane upper sashes, plate glass lower.

To the left 2-storey recessed bay added in 1900 with single

storey timber and glass conservatory. To the right, 2 boldly

projecting gabled bays with blind oculus to gables. Single

light and bipartite windows, all glazing as above. To extreme

W of this range small walled service court with 2-storey

buildings recently altered to give garage at ground floor

with sliding timber doors.

S ELEVATION: long asymmetrical range, canted bay to centre of

original house, linked to single storey projection to W with

balustraded parapet. 2 advanced gabled bays to W. Slate

roofs, axial corniced stacks, piended roof to original part.

Some 3-light timber 1900 dormers.

INTERIOR: largely redesigned in 1900 alterations in

neo-Georgian and Arts and Crafts style. Impressive timber

panelled hall with embossed ?leather frieze, beaten copper

chimneypiece, scale and platt stair. Drawingroom to S with

panelling, door and plasterwork retained from original house.

To E room of original house enlarged billiard room created

with glazed brick chimneypiece and panelling all of 1900.

Small water closet off billiard room with elaborate tiling

and fittings.

SUNDIAL AND WALLED GARDEN: to N of house, sunken formal

garden with centrally placed sundial of 1900 date. Simple

octagonal base and shaft with carved near hemispherical

horizontal-faced dial, dial and gnomon metal. Rubble walled

coped garden wall to N of house, pair of rubble gatepiers

with ball finials and cast and wrought-iron gates.


ditch. Centrally placed rubble bridge with cast-iron gate

spans haha, coped parapet. To ends of haha squat rubble built

drum turrets with castellated parapets, joining these tall

rubble curved garden walls.


gatepiers with ball-finials and elaborate cast- and

wrought-iron gates of 1900 to E and S of house, linked by

ornamental rubble walls, parts with decorative pebble coping.

Statement of Special Interest

James Brown was a wealthy Manchester merchant, chairman of

the retail and wholesale drapery firm of Affleck and Brown.

He retired to Knockbrex and began an extensive building

programme on the house and estate from 1895 until his death

in 1920. Apart from Knockbrex House itself which is

comparatively sober in design, the other estate buildings are characterised by a stylistic individuality bordering on the idiosyncratic, and always a careful attention to detail using

the highest quality materials. For other estate buildings see

entries for Corseyard, Kirkandrews Chapel, Kirkandrews

Cottages, Knockbrex Bathing Hut, Chapelton Row, Knockbrex

B Group with Knockbrex Stables and "Toy Fort".



No Bibliography entries for this designation

About Listed Buildings

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating sites and places at the national level. These designations are Scheduled monuments, Listed buildings, Inventory of gardens and designed landscapes and Inventory of historic battlefields.

We make recommendations to the Scottish Government about historic marine protected areas, and the Scottish Ministers decide whether to designate.

Listing is the process that identifies, designates and provides statutory protection for buildings of special architectural or historic interest as set out in the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings which are found to be of special architectural or historic interest using the selection guidance published in Designation Policy and Selection Guidance (2019)

Listed building records provide an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building which has been identified by its statutory address. The description and additional information provided are supplementary and have no legal weight.

These records are not definitive historical accounts or a complete description of the building(s). If part of a building is not described it does not mean it is not listed. The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site which is known as the statutory address. Other than the name or address of a listed building, further details are provided for information purposes only. Historic Environment Scotland does not accept any liability for any loss or damage suffered as a consequence of inaccuracies in the information provided. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing. Even if a number or name is missing from a listing address it will still be listed. Listing covers both the exterior and the interior and any object or structure fixed to the building. Listing also applies to buildings or structures not physically attached but which are part of the curtilage (or land) of the listed building as long as they were erected before 1 July 1948.

While Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating listed buildings, the planning authority is responsible for determining what is covered by the listing, including what is listed through curtilage. However, for listed buildings designated or for listings amended from 1 October 2015, legal exclusions to the listing may apply.

If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the 1997 Act. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect subsequent legislation.

Listed building consent is required for changes to a listed building which affect its character as a building of special architectural or historic interest. The relevant planning authority is the point of contact for applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at You can contact us on 0131 668 8914 or at


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Printed: 26/06/2022 16:17