Listed Building

The only legal part of the listing under the Planning (Listing Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997 is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing – see 'About Listed Buildings' below for more information. The further details below the 'Address/Name of Site' are provided for information purposes only.

Address/Name of Site


Status: Designated


There are no additional online documents for this record.


Date Added
Local Authority
Planning Authority
NS 56090 65463
256090, 665463


An outstanding graving dock complex without parallel in


1869-98, 3 major dry docks, associated quays, capstans

and bollards, pumphouses, workshops and other ancillary

buildings, retaining and boundary walls, ramped accesses

and stairs. The dock walls and quay edges are of grey

granite, the working surfaces whinstone setted, and

retaining walls and ramp sides are of cream sandstone.

Cast-iron gatepiers.


No 1 Dock (at North): by James Deas and Alex Lister,

1869-75 551' long, 72' wide at entrance, depth to sill

22'9". Stepped sides and curved end, unusually curving

towards bottom. 9 sets of stairs with grooves for

materials. Paved base. Modern steel caisson gate to

Clyde. There is a series of associated buildings, mostly

to N; pump house and sluice houses, ashlar on rusticated

base with round-headed openings, with former boiler

house to N and pump room to south. The pumps are

sited below the building. There is a square accumulator

tower with 4 oculi, heightened in brick c.1895. The

sluice houses are small square buildings of similar

construction. At the entrance two hydraulic capstans by

the Anderston Foundry Co.

No 2 Dock (Centre): by James Deas, 1883-6; 575' by 67'

by 22'9". Stepped sides and vertical curved end. 4

stairs giving access through tunnels. Slides for

materials. Steel caisson gate and folding bridge, opening

off Clyde. Small flat-roofed brick pumphouse on S side

of entrance, which is flanked by hydraulic capstans as at

No 1 dock.

No 3 Dock (South): by James Deas, 1894-8; by far the

longest of the three, 880' by 83' by 26'6". Stepped sides

and vertical curved end. 8 stairs give access through

tunnels. Projecting piers in the centre with curved

recesses for caisson, to subdivide dock; caisson now

removed. Steel caisson gate and folding bridge opening

off Prince's Dock canting basin. Associated PUMP HOUSE

(at SE end of site) terra-cotta brick, with red sandstone

dressings, in two sections, eastern flat-roofed with

electric pumps in basement, gantry crane, tiled interior.

Western part wider, pedimented gable, slated roof with

ridge ventilator, housing workshop and hydraulic pumps.

Dated 1895 on cast-iron commemorative plaque.

On North quay, two workshops, one on either side of

No 1 pump house. On West, woodworking shop (formerly

harbour workshop) and offices, 2-storey 14-bay red and

yellow brick with pend at west end and weighbridge (A &

W Smith 1889). On east, mechanics' shop (c.1895), 1

storey 10-bay, red and white brick with iron-framed

round-headed windows and wrought-iron framed roof.

Doors with glazed fanlights on N.

Also series of ancillary buildings ranged round the site,

these of differing dates and built mostly of red or yellow

brick. Small steel Scotch derrick crane at N.

Statement of Special Interest

Built for the Clyde Navigation Trust during the years when

the Clyde yards led the world in the building of

sophisticated merchant ships, so the complex is of architectural/historic interest in an international context,

of major significance in terms of the history of the world

shipbuilding. Docks Nos 1 and 3 were each the deepest

in Britain when built and could take the largest ships




SR Archives T-CN/14/291, T-CN/14/464/14/3, T-CN/14/464/4/7, T-CN/14/464/5/4. J F Riddell, CLYDE NAVIGATION p.136.

Hume (1974) p.262.

About Listed Buildings

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating sites and places at the national level. These designations are Scheduled monuments, Listed buildings, Inventory of gardens and designed landscapes and Inventory of historic battlefields.

We make recommendations to the Scottish Government about historic marine protected areas, and the Scottish Ministers decide whether to designate.

Listing is the process that identifies, designates and provides statutory protection for buildings of special architectural or historic interest as set out in the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings which are found to be of special architectural or historic interest using the selection guidance published in Designation Policy and Selection Guidance (2019)

Listed building records provide an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building which has been identified by its statutory address. The description and additional information provided are supplementary and have no legal weight.

These records are not definitive historical accounts or a complete description of the building(s). If part of a building is not described it does not mean it is not listed. The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site which is known as the statutory address. Other than the name or address of a listed building, further details are provided for information purposes only. Historic Environment Scotland does not accept any liability for any loss or damage suffered as a consequence of inaccuracies in the information provided. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing. Even if a number or name is missing from a listing address it will still be listed. Listing covers both the exterior and the interior and any object or structure fixed to the building. Listing also applies to buildings or structures not physically attached but which are part of the curtilage (or land) of the listed building as long as they were erected before 1 July 1948.

While Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating listed buildings, the planning authority is responsible for determining what is covered by the listing, including what is listed through curtilage. However, for listed buildings designated or for listings amended from 1 October 2015, legal exclusions to the listing may apply.

If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the 1997 Act. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect subsequent legislation.

Listed building consent is required for changes to a listed building which affect its character as a building of special architectural or historic interest. The relevant planning authority is the point of contact for applications for listed building consent.

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