Listed Building

The only legal part of the listing under the Planning (Listing Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997 is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing – see 'About Listed Buildings' below for more information. The further details below the 'Address/Name of Site' are provided for information purposes only.

Address/Name of Site

SCOTT CRESCENT, OLD GALA HOUSE INCLUDING BOUNDARY WALLSLB31973

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Category
A
Date Added
12/03/1971
Local Authority
Scottish Borders
Planning Authority
Scottish Borders
Burgh
Galashiels
NGR
NT 49165 35897
Coordinates
349165, 635897

Description

16th century core of skewed rectangular-plan bastle with accumulative additions over 17th , 18th and 19th centuries to form asymmetrical U-plan multi-gabled mansion house with formal garden ground rising to E. 1583 2/3-storey bastle to NE with blocked and later openings and 19th century square stair tower to N; 1611 perpendicular 5-bay range with advanced gabled bay extending to SE to form L-plan; circa 1632 3-bay range to SW to form rough U-plan; circa 1830 advanced gabled bays to S, E and W corners to unify U-plan. Mixed rubble; red and yellow sandstone rubble quoins; mixture of edge-roll mouldings to earlier openings; chamfered irregular rybats and smooth and chamfered sandstone margins to later openings. Predominantly 12-pane timber sash and case windows, multipane glazed 20th century timber doors; pitched slate roofs with some overhanging timber bracketed eaves; stone skews; beaked skewputts to 1830 gables; eclectic mix of rubble and corniced ashlar, gable end, ridge and shouldered wallhead stacks.

FURTHER DESCRIPTION: 3-storey, 7-bays to garden (SE) elevation with lower gabled bay to right masking 16th century core to rear; projecting gabled bay off-centre right with advanced narrow crenellated window formation; advanced gabled and crenellated bay to left with classical doorpiece with obelisk pinnacles. 2-storey, 5-bays to entrance (SW) elevation with circa 1830 gabled corner bays flanking 1632 section with remodelled regular window formation. Prominent 3-storey rectangular 1611 stair tower to rear courtyard NW; hexagonal corbelled and square crenellated towers and lower lean-to sections.

INTERIOR: refurbished in 1988 to form offices and museum spaces, however original details survive to principal rooms including fine polychrome geometric and arabesque painted timber ceiling dating to 1635 at first floor. Large corbel lintelled fireplace, ceiling corbels and 18th century fielded panelling survive to 1583 section, (access not possible at time of survey, 2006). Circa 1860 decorative plaster ceilings depicting Persephone and the four ages of a woman in 1st floor drawing room and the plum tree and fox, symbols of Galashiels, to staircase and hall. Panelled timber shutters and window surrounds prevalent. Jacobean oak chimney piece to morning room said to originate from Mary Queen of Scots House in Jedburgh.

BOUNDARY WALLS: Coped stone rubble walls to S and E, Cast-iron railings to W. Later low 20th century concrete block wall to W bordering bowling club.

Statement of Special Interest

Old Gala House is a fine example of a laird's house with a long history of development having been extended and rebuilt at intervals from the 16th to 19th centuries. The house originally stood in its own policies to the W of the Old Town but has gradually been enveloped by the expanding town around it.

A tower on the site since 1457 is no longer evident and presumably subsumed by the secure peel tower house with a 1st floor entrance, built in 1583 by Andrew Hoppringill (Pringle) and the earliest evident part of the house as it stands today. In 1611 Pringle made Galashiels his main residence at which point he is said to have erected the SE wing alongside, but not connected. In 1635 Pringle relocated to Smailholm leaving his daughter Jean to marry Hugh Scott; the Scotts then becoming the Lairds of Gala. The painted timber ceiling, rediscovered in 1952, commemorates this marriage and the subsequent 1635 remodelling of the house. Old Gala House underwent further extensions circa 1830 and 1860, the latter phase being carried out by local builders Robert Hall and Co.

Old Gala House was superseded when the Laird Hugh Scott commissioned the Architect David Bryce to build New Gala House and policies to the W in 1872 (demolished 1985), which it ultimately outlived. The house passed into ownership of Scottish Borders Council and in 1988 Page and Park Architects converted the interior to form a museum celebrating the History of Galashiels, housing the original shaft of the Mercat Cross and elements from the now demolished Old Tollbooth. There is a permanent exhibition to the local sculptor Thomas Clapperton and individual office spaces available to independent groups such as The Old Gala Club. The 1583 section is now converted to form manager's accommodation and the building remains in use as a public facility (2006).

The houses of Woodnook and Bellendean on Gala Terrace, though now substantially altered and in different ownership, are the original kennels linked to Old Gala House, the adjacent Galashiels Bowling Club green was the decorative rose garden in the mid 19th century, and a very large walled garden existed until the earlier 20th century on the site now filled by St Margaret's RC Primary School on Livingston Place. Old Gala House is named 'Beechwood' on the 1897 Ordnance Survey map.

Large 20th century storage shed immediately to NW of rear courtyard.

References

Bibliography

A Spence Discovering the Borders (1994) p177. C Strang, Borders and Berwick (1994) p197. K Cruft, Buildings of Scotland, Borders (2006) p303.

About Listed Buildings

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating sites and places at the national level. These designations are Scheduled monuments, Listed buildings, Inventory of gardens and designed landscapes and Inventory of historic battlefields.

We make recommendations to the Scottish Government about historic marine protected areas, and the Scottish Ministers decide whether to designate.

Listing is the process that identifies, designates and provides statutory protection for buildings of special architectural or historic interest as set out in the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings which are found to be of special architectural or historic interest using the selection guidance published in Designation Policy and Selection Guidance (2019)

Listed building records provide an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building which has been identified by its statutory address. The description and additional information provided are supplementary and have no legal weight.

These records are not definitive historical accounts or a complete description of the building(s). If part of a building is not described it does not mean it is not listed. The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site which is known as the statutory address. Other than the name or address of a listed building, further details are provided for information purposes only. Historic Environment Scotland does not accept any liability for any loss or damage suffered as a consequence of inaccuracies in the information provided. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing. Even if a number or name is missing from a listing address it will still be listed. Listing covers both the exterior and the interior and any object or structure fixed to the building. Listing also applies to buildings or structures not physically attached but which are part of the curtilage (or land) of the listed building as long as they were erected before 1 July 1948.

While Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating listed buildings, the planning authority is responsible for determining what is covered by the listing, including what is listed through curtilage. However, for listed buildings designated or for listings amended from 1 October 2015, legal exclusions to the listing may apply.

If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the 1997 Act. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect subsequent legislation.

Listed building consent is required for changes to a listed building which affect its character as a building of special architectural or historic interest. The relevant planning authority is the point of contact for applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at www.historicenvironment.scot/advice-and-support. You can contact us on 0131 668 8914 or at designations@hes.scot.

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Printed: 18/10/2021 18:42