Listed Building

The only legal part of the listing under the Planning (Listing Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997 is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing – see 'About Listed Buildings' below for more information. The further details below the 'Address/Name of Site' are provided for information purposes only.

Address/Name of Site

CALLENDAR PARK, CALLENDAR HOUSE, STABLE COURT, INCLUDING COBBLED YARDLB31239

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Category
B
Group Category Details
100000019 - See Notes
Date Added
21/03/1960
Local Authority
Falkirk
Planning Authority
Falkirk
Burgh
Falkirk
NGR
NS 89717 79453
Coordinates
289717, 679453

Description

Mid 18th century. 2-storey, square-plan stable courtyard with later additions and alterations. Coursed and tooled sandstone ashlar to SE (principal) elevation; coursed and droved, projected base course; moulded eaves and rusticated, V-jointed quoins. Harled to SW with base course; lined render to remaining outer and court elevations; segmental-arched openings to ground floor of court elevations with raised, keystoned margins.

SE RANGE, OUTER (PRINCIPAL) ELEVATION: 7 bays. Segmental-arched carriage opening to centre; single, rectangular windows to remaining ground floor bays; remains of a mounting step to 5th bay; small square 1st floor windows to central bay and 3 bays to right; breaking eaves, piended dormers to 3 bays to left. INNER (COURT) ELEVATION: 5 bays. Segmental-arched carriage opening to centre; opening to loft above with part-glazed, 2-leaf, boarded timber doors (no direct access from court). Single windows to ground bays flanking archway; partially blocked to left; boarded to right. Doorways to outer bays; boarded timber doors with plain fanlights. Breaking eaves, piended dormer to penultimate right bay; flanking square opening to far left.

SW RANGE, OUTER ELEVATION: INNER (COURT) ELEVATION: 5 bays. Large rectangular opening with sliding, timber-boarded door (later replacement for arched opening) to centre; single windows to other ground floor bays. Square openings to 1st floor, far right-hand bay (off-centre left) and centre bay (off-centre right). Breaking eaves piended dormer to 1st floor far left-hand bay (off-centre right).

NW RANGE, OUTER ELEVATION: 10 bays. Doorways to penultimate bay left, 6th and far right bays; each with square window above at 1st floor. Window at ground floor of far left bay; square window at 1st floor. Thin, slit openings to upper ground floor of remaining bays. INNER (COURT) ELEVATION: 3 bays. Thin, round-arched opening to centre; flanking coach openings with 2-leaf, boarded timber doors. Small, square windows to all 1st floor bays.

NE RANGE, OUTER ELEVATION: 5 bays. 2 large timber-boarded sliding doors (later replacements for plain doorways) to central and penultimate right-hand bays. Windows to outer and penultimate left-hand bays; additional small window to right of far left bay. Square windows to all 1st floor bays. INNER (COURT) ELEVATION: 5 bays. Central doorway with 2-leaf timber boarded door with flanking windows; further ground floor window to far right bay. Square windows at 1st floor, far left and penultimate right bays (off-centre left).

INTERIOR: formerly converted to residential use in mid to late 20th century. Now used for storage at ground floor level; 1st floor empty (2004).

COBBLED YARD: simple geometric pattern; setts laid parallel to adjacent range; gutters on diagonals into central drain.

Statement of Special Interest

A-Group comprises 'Callendar House' (HB 31236), and the associated 'Glenbrae Lodge and Gates' (HB 31235), 'Callendar House, Small Bridge on South Axis of House' (HB 31237), 'Callendar House Sundial' (HB 31238), 'Stable Block Including Dovecot, Cobbled Yard, Implement Shed, Boundary Walls and Gates' (HB 46544), 'Factor's House' (HB 46545), 'Dry Bridge' (HB 31240), 'Mausoleum' (HB 31241), 'Atrium House (Former Gardener's Cottage), Including Gatepiers' (HB 50224), 'Kennels' (HB 50894), 'Policy Walls' (HB 50896) and 'Wellhead' (HB 50897), see separate entries.

Callendar House and its associated buildings are some of the most significant and prominent buildings in Falkirk. The Lands of Callendar were granted to the Livingston family in the mid 14th century, and they retained possession of the estate for nearly 400 years. The estate was forfeited to the Government after the Jacobite rising in 1715, who in turn sold on the estate. Callendar was bought by William Forbes in the late 18th century, a copper merchant from London, who continued to develop the mansion and the estate. The Forbes family brought architect David Hamilton to work on Callendar, and as benefactors, were also instrumental to the development of Falkirk as a modern 19th century town. The estate remained in the possession of the Forbes family until 1963, when it was sold to the now defunct Falkirk Burgh Council. The Burgh Council were responsible for planning the high-rise housing within Callendar Park, and also the development of the walled garden as a College of Education (now the Callendar Business Park). However they did no work on the House, which remained derelict and boarded-up until 1997, when it was restored by the present Council.

Both these stable buildings, and the adjoining Stable Block (see separate listing) are now used by Falkirk District Council as storage for the Parks and Gardens department (2004).

Callendar Stable Court lies within the amenity zone for the Antonine Wall recommended in D N Skinner The Countryside of the Antonine Wall (1973), and which will form the basis of the buffer zone, yet to be defined, for the proposed Antonine Wall World Heritage Site.

References

Bibliography

CALLENDAR ESTATE PLAN (1781). J Anderson, PLAN OF CALLENDAR PARK (1818) [Both held in Callendar House History Research Centre]. J Gifford and F A Walker, BUILDINGS OF SCOTLAND: STIRLING AND CENTRAL SCOTLAND, pp500-508. R Jaques, FALKIRK AND DISTRICT RIAS GUIDE, pp31-35.

About Listed Buildings

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating sites and places at the national level. These designations are Scheduled monuments, Listed buildings, Inventory of gardens and designed landscapes and Inventory of historic battlefields.

We make recommendations to the Scottish Government about historic marine protected areas, and the Scottish Ministers decide whether to designate.

Listing is the process that identifies, designates and provides statutory protection for buildings of special architectural or historic interest as set out in the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings which are found to be of special architectural or historic interest using the selection guidance published in Designation Policy and Selection Guidance (2019)

Listed building records provide an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building which has been identified by its statutory address. The description and additional information provided are supplementary and have no legal weight.

These records are not definitive historical accounts or a complete description of the building(s). If part of a building is not described it does not mean it is not listed. The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site which is known as the statutory address. Other than the name or address of a listed building, further details are provided for information purposes only. Historic Environment Scotland does not accept any liability for any loss or damage suffered as a consequence of inaccuracies in the information provided. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing. Even if a number or name is missing from a listing address it will still be listed. Listing covers both the exterior and the interior and any object or structure fixed to the building. Listing also applies to buildings or structures not physically attached but which are part of the curtilage (or land) of the listed building as long as they were erected before 1 July 1948.

While Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating listed buildings, the planning authority is responsible for determining what is covered by the listing, including what is listed through curtilage. However, for listed buildings designated or for listings amended from 1 October 2015, legal exclusions to the listing may apply.

If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the 1997 Act. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect subsequent legislation.

Listed building consent is required for changes to a listed building which affect its character as a building of special architectural or historic interest. The relevant planning authority is the point of contact for applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at www.historicenvironment.scot/advice-and-support. You can contact us on 0131 668 8914 or at designations@hes.scot.

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Printed: 25/01/2022 09:00