Listed Building

The only legal part of the listing under the Planning (Listing Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997 is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing – see 'About Listed Buildings' below for more information. The further details below the 'Address/Name of Site' are provided for information purposes only.

Address/Name of Site

ARCHERS' HALL INCLUDING BOUNDARY WALLS AND RAILINGS, BUCCLEUCH STREET, EDINBURGHLB27562

Status: Designated

Documents

There are no additional online documents for this record.

Summary

Category
A
Date Added
14/12/1970
Supplementary Information Updated
14/01/2014
Local Authority
Edinburgh
Planning Authority
Edinburgh
Burgh
Edinburgh
NGR
NT 26111 72757
Coordinates
326111, 672757

Description

Alexander Laing, 1776-7. 2-storey and basement square-plan, 3-bay classical archery hall for Royal Company of Archers; substantial 2-bay extension to S by A F Balfour Paul for Sir Robert Rowand Anderson, 1900 forming rectangular plan; single-storey flat-roofed glass and ashlar extension to N linked to archery butts to rear by LDN Architects, 2011. Set back from street with paved courtyard to front of building with low coped boundary wall with cast-iron railings and lamp standards; formal garden ground and archery butts to rear. Smooth sandstone ashlar, coursed rubble to rear; stone cills; band courses, corniced eaves course; splayed platt steps rising to slightly advanced rusticated and corniced doorpiece (part of 1900 alterations) to right surmounted by prominent carved armorial stone panel depicting archers with flanking consoles and scrolled pediment. Large Venetian window at 1st floor to left. Octagonal-plan domed lantern with flagpole slightly off centre at roof level.

S (SIDE) ELEVATION: variously 3 , 4- and 5 stories; door to centre. 3-storey flat roofed advanced section to right.

W (REAR/GARDEN GREEN) ELEVATION: 5 regular bays (far right hand bay blank).

Panelled wooden door; predominantly 12-pane timber sash and case windows (larger windows to upper floor). Piended roof; grey slate; corniced ashlar stacks to wall heads and rear roof.

INTERIOR: (seen 2013). Timber panelled 18th century entrance hall leading to early 20th 'Staircase Hall' to S of plan including faux-marble ionic columns framing Venetian window. Staircase Hall leading to early 18th century-style interior scheme designed by A F Balfour Paul, including 'Dining Room' and 18th century main 'Hall'. Main Hall with panelled dado to minstrel gallery and prominent coved and decorative plaster ceiling. 2011 glazed extension providing wheelchair access through former window opening to N extension and accessing lift.

BOUNDARY WALLS AND RAILINGS: low coped ashlar boundary wall with decorative cast-iron railings lining street and basement area; pair of cast-iron lamp standards in early 19th century style flanking main entrance. Tall boundary wall to S of courtyard ground. Boundary walls enclosing garden area and butts to rear.

Statement of Special Interest

Archers' Hall is the headquarters of the Royal Company of Archers, founded in 1676 and it is an outstanding example of one of Scotland's earliest purpose-built sporting buildings designed in a muscular classical style in the later 18th century and substantially and sympathetically extended in the early 20th century to include lavish public rooms. The building is associated with the United Kingdom's most important and oldest archery club and is among only a handful of clubs still in existence in the country.

The building for the Royal Company of Archers was located on the edge of Hope Park (now the Meadows) in Edinburgh where free access to public archery butts (an archery practice field, with mounds of earth used for the targets) was granted by the sovereign. The building was used as public house for the enjoyment of its members and other leisure pursuits, such as bowling, which was also accommodated with a bowling green. The Archers use of the building became more formal over the course of the 19th century and by 1897, plans were afoot for a significant extension to provide modern dining and reception facilities, in keeping with the ethos of a gentlemen's club.

The Royal Company of Archers functions as the Sovereign's 'Body Guard in Scotland' and members of the Royal Company must be Scottish or have strong Scottish connections. It performs duties at the request of The Queen at any State and ceremonial occasion taking place in Scotland. This function was reinforced in 1822 when the Company provided a bodyguard for George IV during his visit to Edinburgh. Archery formed an important part of social life in Scotland up until the end of the Edwardian period. Apart from its role as the Sovereign's bodyguard, the Royal Company of Archers still functions as an archery club. The garden ground to the rear of the hall previously contained archery butts; this ground has was redeveloped in 2011 to accommodate student housing to the S and indoor archery butts to the N of the former bowling green.

The architect, Alexander Laing (d.1823), practised in Edinburgh, first as a mason-architect, laterally as an architect, and was responsible for a small number of public commissions including, Inverness Tolbooth and Edinburgh's South Bridge, but he is predominantly known for his work at country estates across Scotland. He became a member of the Royal Company of Archers in 1777.

Arthur Forman Balfour Paul (1875-1938) was son of J Balfour Paul who wrote the history of the Royal Company of Archers and worked for Sir Robert Rowand Anderson) who was also an Archer. A F Balfour Paul became R R Anderson's partner from 1903. The extension to the hall was some of A F Balfour Paul's earliest work and he would go on to prove himself a competent interpreter of neo-Classical architecture in his later work at Dumfries House and at Charlotte Square, Edinburgh.

There were windows formerly flanking the coat of arms to the principal elevation, but these were blocked up as part of 1900 extension work.

The 2011 alterations comprised adding a new glazed entrance block to the north elevation, breaking through a former window and providing new internal lift access to all floors; this block also links to the new archery butts laid out along the north boundary wall. Previously there were circa 1904 butts located along the south boundary wall.

List description updated and category changed from B to A as part of the sporting buildings thematic study (2012-13).

References

Bibliography

Minutes of the Royal Company of Archers (27 July 1776). 1st Edition Ordnance Survey map (1843). J Balfour Paul, History of the Royal Company of Archers (1875). MacRae Her 40; J Grant, Old and New Edinburgh II (1882) p352-3. The Builder (29 March 1902). Edinburgh Architectural Association Catalogue 1907; J Gifford, C McWilliam, D Walker Buildings of Scotland: Edinburgh (1988) p242. H Colvin, A Biographical Dictionary of British Architects (1995) p592-3. P Burman, 'Conservation Statement' (August 2008) at Annex 2 of LDN Architects, Archers' Hall Design Statement (2008). Dictionary of Scottish Architects http://www.scottisharchitects.org.uk (2013) The British Monarchy (website) http://www.royal.gov.uk/RoyalEventsandCeremonies/Ceremonialbodies/RoyalCompanyofArchers.aspx (2013)

About Listed Buildings

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating sites and places at the national level. These designations are Scheduled monuments, Listed buildings, Inventory of gardens and designed landscapes and Inventory of historic battlefields.

We make recommendations to the Scottish Government about historic marine protected areas, and the Scottish Ministers decide whether to designate.

Listing is the process that identifies, designates and provides statutory protection for buildings of special architectural or historic interest as set out in the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings which are found to be of special architectural or historic interest using the selection guidance published in Designation Policy and Selection Guidance (2019)

Listed building records provide an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building which has been identified by its statutory address. The description and additional information provided are supplementary and have no legal weight.

These records are not definitive historical accounts or a complete description of the building(s). If part of a building is not described it does not mean it is not listed. The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site which is known as the statutory address. Other than the name or address of a listed building, further details are provided for information purposes only. Historic Environment Scotland does not accept any liability for any loss or damage suffered as a consequence of inaccuracies in the information provided. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing. Even if a number or name is missing from a listing address it will still be listed. Listing covers both the exterior and the interior and any object or structure fixed to the building. Listing also applies to buildings or structures not physically attached but which are part of the curtilage (or land) of the listed building as long as they were erected before 1 July 1948.

While Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating listed buildings, the planning authority is responsible for determining what is covered by the listing, including what is listed through curtilage. However, for listed buildings designated or for listings amended from 1 October 2015, legal exclusions to the listing may apply.

If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the 1997 Act. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect subsequent legislation.

Listed building consent is required for changes to a listed building which affect its character as a building of special architectural or historic interest. The relevant planning authority is the point of contact for applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at www.historicenvironment.scot/advice-and-support. You can contact us on 0131 668 8914 or at designations@hes.scot.

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Printed: 13/07/2024 19:53