Listed Building

The only legal part of the listing under the Planning (Listing Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997 is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing – see 'About Listed Buildings' below for more information. The further details below the 'Address/Name of Site' are provided for information purposes only.

Address/Name of Site


Status: Designated


There are no additional online documents for this record.


Date Added
Supplementary Information Updated
Local Authority
Planning Authority
NO 48173 14120
348173, 714120


Paul Waterhouse, circa 1920. Picturesque group of 4 buildings set on large man-made island and boating lake at Craigtoun Park. Roughly oval-plan comprising gatehouse, summerhouse and loggia, boathouse and pavilion; boundary/retaining walls with courtyard to centre. Brick construction with white harl render and painted dressings. Timber doors. Red pantiles to roofs. Island accessed by narrow hump-back bridge of hammer-dressed rubble with ashlar dressings. 3-arches with large cutwaters.

FURTHER DESCRIPTION: Franco-German style GATEHOUSE to N; 2-stage with segmental arched gate and piended roof, surmounted by rotunda with conical-cap. Timber stair to interior.

L-plan SUMMERHOUSE to NW with conical-capped circular tower; 3-bay, columned LOGGIA extends to right and tripartite-windowed outshot to left, both with piended roofs. Curving timber stair to upper floor within summerhouse tower.

Italian Baroque influenced BOATHOUSE to S: 3 circular windows to each flank; arched watergate with massive 'console' keyblock; Doric columned and quoined angles with urn finials and shaped gables.

Square-plan Italianate PAVILION to E with pyramid roof and picture window.

Statement of Special Interest

The Craigtoun Park island group is a distinguished example of inter-war pleasure garden building in Scotland. A range of Italian, French, German and Dutch architectural forms and details are carefully composed to be viewed in the round, creating a cohesive and picturesque appropriation of a European moated castle or village. The distinctive rubble access bridge and curving timber stair within the circular tower are among a number of elements that add significantly to the interest.

The English architect, Paul Waterhouse designed the house at Craigtoun Park (formerly called Mount Melville and subsequently Craigtoun Hospital - see separate listing) in 1902 for the brewer James Younger and subsequently laid out the gardens including the creation of the artificial lake and waterways. Waterhouse exhibited designs for the Island Buildings in 1916.

Change of category from C to B and revised list description, 2012.



John Gifford, The Buildings of Scotland - Fife (1992) pp132-133. - accessed June 2012.

About Listed Buildings

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating sites and places at the national level. These designations are Scheduled monuments, Listed buildings, Inventory of gardens and designed landscapes and Inventory of historic battlefields.

We make recommendations to the Scottish Government about historic marine protected areas, and the Scottish Ministers decide whether to designate.

Listing is the process that identifies, designates and provides statutory protection for buildings of special architectural or historic interest as set out in the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings which are found to be of special architectural or historic interest using the selection guidance published in Designation Policy and Selection Guidance (2019)

Listed building records provide an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building which has been identified by its statutory address. The description and additional information provided are supplementary and have no legal weight.

These records are not definitive historical accounts or a complete description of the building(s). If part of a building is not described it does not mean it is not listed. The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site which is known as the statutory address. Other than the name or address of a listed building, further details are provided for information purposes only. Historic Environment Scotland does not accept any liability for any loss or damage suffered as a consequence of inaccuracies in the information provided. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing. Even if a number or name is missing from a listing address it will still be listed. Listing covers both the exterior and the interior and any object or structure fixed to the building. Listing also applies to buildings or structures not physically attached but which are part of the curtilage (or land) of the listed building as long as they were erected before 1 July 1948.

While Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating listed buildings, the planning authority is responsible for determining what is covered by the listing, including what is listed through curtilage. However, for listed buildings designated or for listings amended from 1 October 2015, legal exclusions to the listing may apply.

If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the 1997 Act. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect subsequent legislation.

Listed building consent is required for changes to a listed building which affect its character as a building of special architectural or historic interest. The relevant planning authority is the point of contact for applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at You can contact us on 0131 668 8914 or at


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Printed: 26/06/2022 02:17