Listed Building

The only legal part of the listing under the Planning (Listing Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997 is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing – see 'About Listed Buildings' below for more information. The further details below the 'Address/Name of Site' are provided for information purposes only.

Address/Name of Site


Status: Designated


There are no additional online documents for this record.


Date Added
Local Authority
Planning Authority
NO 40777 30847
340777, 730847


Umpherston and Kerr 1833, 3-storey and attic 10-bay

fireproof mill with engine house at W, extended to W by a

2nd engine house, and 10 bays with basement, 3rd floor and

cast-iron attic in 1850 by Peter Carmichael with Randolph,

Elliot and Co. Rubble-built with ashlar margins. Slate

mansard roof.

S elevation 4-storey and attic 23-bay mill, with blocked

basement windows in W section. Slightly advanced twin

central engine houses rise through 3-storeys fronted by 2

pairs of tripartite engine house windows with Doric

pilasters and segmental arches. Cast-iron tie-plate at 1st

floor level, cornice at 2nd floor level, 3 windows at 3rd

floor. Main cornice.

E elevation 3-bay gable to mill, 2 windows on each floor,

central bay blank, housing wall boxes, 3 oculi above main

cornice. Mansard roof with cast-iron urns. Projecting

square-plan stair tower with door and windows to E,

roundheaded at 4th floor. Blind windows to N, blank E

elevation. Tower beyond areas level added 1850 with

roundels to 4 sides. Circular cast-iron bellcote on 6

Doric columns linked by wrought-iron railings. Conical

spire with fishscale slates and iron finial.

N elevation 24-bay with central engine houses entered

through 2 doors, E with cast-iron lintel, W with large fan

light. 4 windows above, now blocked and 3 windows at 3rd

floor. Engine house flanked by tall projecting soil chutes

rising from cast-iron brackets at 1st floor. Skewed 3-bay W

gable with blind windows. 3 oculi over main cornice,

mansard roof with cast-iron urn finials.

Windows originally 56-pane, now 12-pane, sash and case.

Interior: fireproof, with 2 rows of cast-iron columns

carrying brick arches on cast-iron beams tensioned by

wrought-iron ties. Columns now encased in plasterboard

but brick arches and ties form the ceilings of most rooms.

Original spiral stairs at ends of mill, new stair inserted

in engine house, which has a painted brick arched ceiling

on cast-iron beams with later steel supports. Tripartite

windows have fine moulded soffits. Gothic cast-iron mansard

roof, probably the first of its kind in Dundee, with small

section open to view near lift. Basement high arched

ceiling on brick piers.

Statement of Special Interest

The biggest of Baxter Brothers' mills, the focal point

of what was for a while the world's largest linen works

and the 1850s showpiece of Dundee's textile industry.

Umpherston and Kerr reused the formula first tried on a

large scale in the Coffin Mill. The layout suggests that

the 1850 extension had been planned in 1833 but there

are interesting variations in beam form and ceiling heights

within the mill despite a uniform exterior. The 1850

extension was designed with the help of Randolph Elliot and

Co of Glasgow, soon to become famous marine engineers, but

it is not clear what their contribution was. The most

significant feature is the cast-iron roof, imitated in the

other Baxter mills, Verdant and Camperdown Works. It may

be the first example of the kind in the city.

A statue of James Watt, now missing, originally adorned

the wallhead over the engine house.

Converted to housing 1984-6.



Photographs in NMRS. DU MS 11 D31 (original 1833

drawing), D37, D235, D344. E Gauldie THE DUNDEE TEXTILE

INDUSTRY (1969) p.

Warden (1864) p.623.

About Listed Buildings

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating sites and places at the national level. These designations are Scheduled monuments, Listed buildings, Inventory of gardens and designed landscapes and Inventory of historic battlefields.

We make recommendations to the Scottish Government about historic marine protected areas, and the Scottish Ministers decide whether to designate.

Listing is the process that identifies, designates and provides statutory protection for buildings of special architectural or historic interest as set out in the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings which are found to be of special architectural or historic interest using the selection guidance published in Designation Policy and Selection Guidance (2019)

Listed building records provide an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building which has been identified by its statutory address. The description and additional information provided are supplementary and have no legal weight.

These records are not definitive historical accounts or a complete description of the building(s). If part of a building is not described it does not mean it is not listed. The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site which is known as the statutory address. Other than the name or address of a listed building, further details are provided for information purposes only. Historic Environment Scotland does not accept any liability for any loss or damage suffered as a consequence of inaccuracies in the information provided. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing. Even if a number or name is missing from a listing address it will still be listed. Listing covers both the exterior and the interior and any object or structure fixed to the building. Listing also applies to buildings or structures not physically attached but which are part of the curtilage (or land) of the listed building as long as they were erected before 1 July 1948.

While Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating listed buildings, the planning authority is responsible for determining what is covered by the listing, including what is listed through curtilage. However, for listed buildings designated or for listings amended from 1 October 2015, legal exclusions to the listing may apply.

If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the 1997 Act. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect subsequent legislation.

Listed building consent is required for changes to a listed building which affect its character as a building of special architectural or historic interest. The relevant planning authority is the point of contact for applications for listed building consent.

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