Listed Building

The only legal part of the listing under the Planning (Listing Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997 is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing – see 'About Listed Buildings' below for more information. The further details below the 'Address/Name of Site' are provided for information purposes only.

Address/Name of Site


Status: Designated


There are no additional online documents for this record.


Date Added
Local Authority
Planning Authority
NO 40751 30782
340751, 730782


4 fireproof flax mills grouped around a yard comprising,

clockwise, Bell Mill, St Roques Lane (1866), North Mill,

Princes Street (1935), Dens Street Mill, Dens Street (1865)

and St Roques Mill (1830s, rebuilt internally 1889).

a. Bell Mill, Peter Carmichael 1866, 5-storey and attic

12-by 3-bay ironframed rubble-built flax mill. Imposing

4-bay S elevation with projecting Italian Renaissance stair

and lift towers having roundheaded windows blind to S,

paired at 6th floor. W stair tower has superb square

cupola with 2 arched opening to each face, segmental

pediments, drum, domed roof and cross finial. E tower

(housing hoist) balustraded with flag pole. Gable oculus.

E and W elevations 12-bay including towers channelled

ashlar triple-arched passageway traverses mill at ground

floor. Later concrete and corrugated-iron lift blocks

and brick single-storey remnant. N elevation 3-bay mansard

gable with urn finials.

b. Dens Street Mill, Peter Carmichael 1865. 5-storey and

attic 3 by 12-bay rubble-built flax mill. Elevation to Dens

Street 4-storey and attic, 12-bay coursed rubble; with top

band course elevation to yard 5-storey and attic with

ground floor doors. N elevation 3-storey, basement and attic,

3-bay with mansard gable, oculus and urn finials.

S elevation blank mansard gable. Slate roof with original

ornate ventilators.

c. North Mill, George Pyott 1935, links Bell and Dens

Street Mills. 2-storey and attic. 3-by 10-bay coursed

rubble elevation to Princes Street and St Roques Lane.

Central roundel inscribed "Baxter Brothers 1935 Lower Dens

Works". 4-storey reinforced concrete framed elevation

to yard almost completely glazed except brick top floor.

Piended slate roof. Tunnel to Upper Dens Works blocked.

d. St Roques Mill or Wallace Mill, circa 1830-1840, given

iron frame and taller mansard roof by Baxter Brothers 1889.

3-storey basement and attic 7-by 3-bay L-plan rubble-built

flax mill. Elevations to Dens Street 4-bay gable of mill

and 1-bay wing. Attic-level band course 2 windows and

oculus. Mansard gable with urn finials. 7-bay S elevation

with small blocked basement windows. W elevation 2 basement

doors, 1 with cornice to stairs and 1 to engine house,

single windows at ground and 1st floors, 3 windows at 2nd

floor and attic. Mansard gable with oculus and urn finial.

N elevation 4-bay to yard, (a further 2 bays are blocked

at upper floors by steel-framed passages linking St Roques

and Dens Street Mills) with 2 large engine house windows

at W and projecting soil chute. Mansard slate roof with

original ornate ventilators.

Small lodge, with later 1st floor, and retaining boundary

wall along Constable Street and St Roques Lane, 1889.

Interiors of Dens Street, Bell and St Roques Mills

fireproof with 2 rows of cast-iron columns carrying

cast-iron beams, wrought-iron ties and brick arches. Fine

cast-iron gothic roofs on clustered columns. Original

stairs, cast-iron doors etc. North Mill concrete floors on

tubular steel columns, but with similar spans to

iron-framed mills.

Statement of Special Interest

The earliest Baxter mills were built here in 1822 and 1826,

replaced in 1865-6. St Roques Mill was acquired in 1888

from W R Morison, also of Wallace Works, rebuilt internally

and given a mansard cast-iron roof by Baxters.

The single storey canteen, now sports club, with asbestos

tile roof, and the remaining brick structures in the

courtyard are excluded from the list.



DU MS 11 D68, D336, D337, D340-2 (original drawings).


A J Cooke BAXTERS' OF DUNDEE (1980).

D Bremner INDUSTRIES OF SCOTLAND (1869, 1969) p.255-261.

About Listed Buildings

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating sites and places at the national level. These designations are Scheduled monuments, Listed buildings, Inventory of gardens and designed landscapes and Inventory of historic battlefields.

We make recommendations to the Scottish Government about historic marine protected areas, and the Scottish Ministers decide whether to designate.

Listing is the process that identifies, designates and provides statutory protection for buildings of special architectural or historic interest as set out in the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings which are found to be of special architectural or historic interest using the selection guidance published in Designation Policy and Selection Guidance (2019)

Listed building records provide an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building which has been identified by its statutory address. The description and additional information provided are supplementary and have no legal weight.

These records are not definitive historical accounts or a complete description of the building(s). If part of a building is not described it does not mean it is not listed. The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site which is known as the statutory address. Other than the name or address of a listed building, further details are provided for information purposes only. Historic Environment Scotland does not accept any liability for any loss or damage suffered as a consequence of inaccuracies in the information provided. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing. Even if a number or name is missing from a listing address it will still be listed. Listing covers both the exterior and the interior and any object or structure fixed to the building. Listing also applies to buildings or structures not physically attached but which are part of the curtilage (or land) of the listed building as long as they were erected before 1 July 1948.

While Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating listed buildings, the planning authority is responsible for determining what is covered by the listing, including what is listed through curtilage. However, for listed buildings designated or for listings amended from 1 October 2015, legal exclusions to the listing may apply.

If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the 1997 Act. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect subsequent legislation.

Listed building consent is required for changes to a listed building which affect its character as a building of special architectural or historic interest. The relevant planning authority is the point of contact for applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at You can contact us on 0131 668 8914 or at


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