Listed Building

The only legal part of the listing under the Planning (Listing Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997 is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing – see 'About Listed Buildings' below for more information. The further details below the 'Address/Name of Site' are provided for information purposes only.

Address/Name of Site


Status: Designated


There are no additional online documents for this record.


Date Added
Local Authority
Planning Authority
NT 23810 86285
323810, 686285


John Bennie Wilson, 1903. Gothic church with entrance tower. 3-bay nave with side aisles and angle buttresses. Rock-faced rubble with polished ashlar dressings and dressed ashlar tower, 2-stage saw-tooth coped buttresses, 2-stage chamfered plinth, moulded string course incorporating continuous hoodmould, architraved cornice. Reticulated traceried S window, hoodmoulds with foliate label stops, chamfered reveals and stone mullions. Part-glazed 2-leaf panelled doors.

S ELEVATION: 2-stage gable end with 3 bipartite cusped windows and flanking buttresses, large 5-light window at 2nd stage, flanked by coped batter of buttresses to impost height; angled skew blocks at wallhead and Celtic cross finial at gablehead.

TOWER: 4-stage entrance tower with clasping polygonal tower to SW corner. Flight of 10 steps with flanking 2-stage walls leading to door in heavily moulded pointed-arch door frame, cusped niche in tympanum below hoodmould with label stop to right and continuous hoodmould to left encompassing polygonal tower; buttress to right and narrow light to left on polygonal angle stair tower, further narrow cusped light to W face. Saw-tooth coped batter with decorative corbel table above door giving way to 2nd stage with narrow cusped light near top; W face with

2 light plate traceried window, narrow light in stair tower and narrow cusped light near top; narrow cusped light to N face over slope of nave roof. 3rd stage, S face with narrow light to left on stair tower over string course, clock with Roman numerals to centre and further narrow light to stair tower. Batter giving way to 4th stage belfry with traceried louvred opening to each face, moulded string course encompassing stair tower with water spouts, blind arcade to parapet with corner piers and bird-finialled roof; open arcade to finialled crocketed conically-roofed caphouse at SW.

E ELEVATION: 2-bay nave in advanced face to centre and right with 4 high cusped bipartite windows at ground floor and panelled door below sloping-roof adjoining small projecting choir and linked to hall at outer right; saw-tooth coped battered buttress to left: batter with central and outer right pier giving way to 4-light panel traceried window to right and left below continuous hoodmould and architraved cornice, 2 slated louvred vents high on roof pitch. Re-entrant to left with low battered buttress to left of 4 steps leading to gabled part-glazed panelled door in moulded pointed-arch doorcase with hoodmould and label stops, cusped bipartite window on return to left, off-line moulded string course above.

W ELEVATION: 2-bay nave with tower in re-entrant to right, 4 cusped bipartite windows to left below 2 panel traceried windows as detailed above, 2 slated louvred vents high on roof pitch. Low saw-tooth coped battered buttress to outer left with part-glazed 2-leaf door in moulded depressed-arch doorcase below sloping roof adjoining small projecting choir.

N ELEVATION: tiered gables of chancel and nave each with Celtic cross finials, pointed arch of blinded window in chancel just visible over pitched roof of hall.

Stained glass to S window (see below), all other windows glazed with margined, square-pattern coloured leaded lights. Small grey slates with red ridge-tiles. Ashlar coped skews with mitre and flat skewputts, cast-iron downpipes and decorative rainwater hoppers.

INTERIOR: galleried. Leaded-light arcaded screen to narthex; stone stair to tower with decorative cast-iron balusters and timber handrail to gallery. Screen wall to nave with memorial tablets. Wide nave with narrow aisles, 2 pointed-arches to E and W, and 1 to N with organ in converted choir. Polished ashlar piers with octagonal bases and round shafts give way to full-height moulded arches springing from foliate capitals and corbels carrying timber gallery to S, E and W. Timber bench pews at ground, tiered pews with panelled and fretwork fronts to galleries and open timbered-roof with corbelled hammerbeams and decorated centre beam. Part-glazed timber doors flanking platform at W with Communion Table and elders' seating; 2 short flights of steps with finialled newel-posts flanking canted pulpit with blind timber arcading at centre, blind timber arcade with sounding-board, 5-part organ with flanking timber screens and blinded N window, all framed within stone archway.

5 light S window by N K Pink of The Abbey Studio, 1921; on theme The Light of The World including scenes of Moses guided by the Light, Paul's conversion, Jesus healing the blind and the Star in the East.

Clock machinery in SW tower with original instruction sheet for "Winding, Regulating and Oiling Clock."

HALL: single storey session room and vestry, gabled L-plan hall with bird-finialled bellcast-roofed square lantern. Rock-faced rubble to W, stugged elsewhere, ashlar quoins, dressings, skews and skewputts. Cusped bipartite windows flanking low saw-tooth-coped battered buttress on advanced gable to W, 2 bipartite windows on return to left and bipartite window on recessed face also to left.

BOUNDARY WALLS, GATEPIERS AND GATES: coped, bull-faced rubble boundary walls and square gatepiers with blind, cusped tripartite arcading below triangular cope with decorative cast-iron arch dated '1738-1988' and decorative cast-iron gates to S. Stepped and coped boundary walls with oblong gatepiers and decorative cast-iron gate to W; semicircular coped rubble boundary walls to E and rubble boundary walls to N.

Statement of Special Interest

Ecclesiastical building in use as such.

The earlier church of 1738 was situated in the High Street where the Public Library now stands, a model of the old building is kept in the church. Built of soft creamy-white stone from quarry near Dunfermline and opened 14th October 1903, at a cost of ?6445. The site was donated by Mr James Shepherd of Rossend Castle "out of respect for your worthy pastor and hard-working Kirk Session". "The bell provided by Provost Connel and Mr William Inglis, of Airdrie, son of the Session Clerk". "The lighting of the new church was by the old-fashioned flat-flamed burners", but "In August, 1909, incandescent gas lighting was introduced, the pendants being controlled by pneumatic switches". "In 1921 Mrs William Inglis of Airdrie, presented to the congregation, in memory of her husband and his father and mother, the stained glass window opposite the pulpit".

Installed as a Congregational War Memorial, the organ by Messrs Hilsdon of Glasgow, was completed by 22nd July 1922, A single dial clock with Westminster chimes by Gillett & Johnston of Croydon was a gift from Miss Macomish in October 1925, together with ?100 "to be invested as an endowment for the upkeep of the clock", full instructions (dated 1912) are pinned to the timber cabinet housing the fully functional clock.



Published by the Session of Erskine Church NOTES ON THE HISTORY OF THE CONGREGATION (1953). J Gifford BUILDINGS OF SCOTLAND, FIFE (1992). Information courtesy of Rev John Allan.

About Listed Buildings

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating sites and places at the national level. These designations are Scheduled monuments, Listed buildings, Inventory of gardens and designed landscapes and Inventory of historic battlefields.

We make recommendations to the Scottish Government about historic marine protected areas, and the Scottish Ministers decide whether to designate.

Listing is the process that identifies, designates and provides statutory protection for buildings of special architectural or historic interest as set out in the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings which are found to be of special architectural or historic interest using the selection guidance published in Designation Policy and Selection Guidance (2019)

Listed building records provide an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building which has been identified by its statutory address. The description and additional information provided are supplementary and have no legal weight.

These records are not definitive historical accounts or a complete description of the building(s). If part of a building is not described it does not mean it is not listed. The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site which is known as the statutory address. Other than the name or address of a listed building, further details are provided for information purposes only. Historic Environment Scotland does not accept any liability for any loss or damage suffered as a consequence of inaccuracies in the information provided. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing. Even if a number or name is missing from a listing address it will still be listed. Listing covers both the exterior and the interior and any object or structure fixed to the building. Listing also applies to buildings or structures not physically attached but which are part of the curtilage (or land) of the listed building as long as they were erected before 1 July 1948.

While Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating listed buildings, the planning authority is responsible for determining what is covered by the listing, including what is listed through curtilage. However, for listed buildings designated or for listings amended from 1 October 2015, legal exclusions to the listing may apply.

If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the 1997 Act. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect subsequent legislation.

Listed building consent is required for changes to a listed building which affect its character as a building of special architectural or historic interest. The relevant planning authority is the point of contact for applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at You can contact us on 0131 668 8914 or at


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