Listed Building

The only legal part of the listing under the Planning (Listing Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997 is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing – see 'About Listed Buildings' below for more information. The further details below the 'Address/Name of Site' are provided for information purposes only.

Address/Name of Site

STIRLING STREET, SIR JOHN WILSON TOWN HALL INCLUDING GATEPIERSLB20947

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Category
B
Date Added
19/04/1993
Local Authority
North Lanarkshire
Planning Authority
North Lanarkshire
Burgh
Airdrie
NGR
NS 75958 65368
Coordinates
275958, 665368

Description

John Thomson, 1912. 2-storey, 7-bay, Rectangular-plan, classical municipal building with Baroque details. Tripartite hierarchical arrangement with advanced central block. Cream sandstone ashlar facade, channelled to ground floor. Base course, dividing band between ground and upper storey, moulded cill course to upper storey, eaves course, projecting cornice, parapet, balustraded above central bays. Harled brickwork to side and rear elevations.

N (PRINCIPAL) ELEVATION: slightly advanced 5-bay central block. Stone steps to central doorway; deeply-moulded doorpiece with consoled, segmental-arched canopy; elaborate Airdrie coat-of-arms to centre; flanking pilasters with lion masks to capitals. Husk garland hoodmoulds to flanking oculi. Distyle in antis arrangement to central 3-bays of upper storey, Corinthian columns and pilasters, broken pediment bearing Airdrie coat-of-arms over central window. Consoled stone balconies and Segmentally-arched pediments to flanking bays. Cornice mutuled to central block. Wreath motif to centre of parapet flanked by balustrade. Small side entrance pavilions. Regular fenestration with taller windows to upper storey.

S (REAR) ELEVATION: 2-storey with 3-storey flanking blocks to outer bays. E (SIDE) ELEVATION: 2-bays with channelled ashlar quoins, entablature, 2 windows to ground. 6-bays to left, irregular fenestration. W (SIDE) ELEVATION: 2-bay, squared and snecked sandstone, 2 windows to ground. Lower 2-storey bays to right.

Multi-pane glazing in timber sash and case windows. Grey Welsh slate, lead flashing. Steel frame with lattice girder roof span.

INTERIOR: panelled 2-leaf doors to small vestibule, 2-leaf glass and timber doors with plasterwork cartouche above; marble-lined colonnaded, semicircular lobby, portrait of John Wilson within elaborate timber backboard, flanking pilasters, consoled segmentally-arched pediment with carved coat-of-arms with pelican device to tympanum. Barrel-vaulted ceiling, galleried hall, proscenium-arched stage, richly decorated throughout with swags, wreaths and pilasters.

GATEPIERS: paired, tall, square-section entrance piers flanking main building. Swags carved to entablature, projecting cornice, plain coped caps.

Statement of Special Interest

A fine example of an early 20th century town hall, notable for its Baroque detailing to principal elevation and richly decorated interior, reflecting the generosity of its budget. £10000 of its building cost was gifted by Sir John Wilson, then owner of the Airdrie estate, businessman and MP. Airdrie-born architect John Thomson won the commission in an open competition against George Arthur and Andrew Aitken. He died the year the building was completed. The building employs a steel lattice girder frame by William Baird and Son Ltd of Glasgow (not to be confused with prominent 19th century iron and coal manufacturer, William Baird and Company). Steelwork frames of this type became widely used in industrial building from the 1860s onwards and were increasingly adopted for civic and municipal architecture in the early years of the 20th century.

List description updated, 2008.

References

Bibliography

G Thompson, Airdrie, A Brief Historical Sketch (1971). A Peden, The Monklands An Illustrated Architectural Guide (1992) P9. C Cunningham, Victorian And Edwardian Town Halls.

About Listed Buildings

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating sites and places at the national level. These designations are Scheduled monuments, Listed buildings, Inventory of gardens and designed landscapes and Inventory of historic battlefields.

We make recommendations to the Scottish Government about historic marine protected areas, and the Scottish Ministers decide whether to designate.

Listing is the process that identifies, designates and provides statutory protection for buildings of special architectural or historic interest as set out in the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings which are found to be of special architectural or historic interest using the selection guidance published in Designation Policy and Selection Guidance (2019)

Listed building records provide an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building which has been identified by its statutory address. The description and additional information provided are supplementary and have no legal weight.

These records are not definitive historical accounts or a complete description of the building(s). If part of a building is not described it does not mean it is not listed. The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site which is known as the statutory address. Other than the name or address of a listed building, further details are provided for information purposes only. Historic Environment Scotland does not accept any liability for any loss or damage suffered as a consequence of inaccuracies in the information provided. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing. Even if a number or name is missing from a listing address it will still be listed. Listing covers both the exterior and the interior and any object or structure fixed to the building. Listing also applies to buildings or structures not physically attached but which are part of the curtilage (or land) of the listed building as long as they were erected before 1 July 1948.

While Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating listed buildings, the planning authority is responsible for determining what is covered by the listing, including what is listed through curtilage. However, for listed buildings designated or for listings amended from 1 October 2015, legal exclusions to the listing may apply.

If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the 1997 Act. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect subsequent legislation.

Listed building consent is required for changes to a listed building which affect its character as a building of special architectural or historic interest. The relevant planning authority is the point of contact for applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at www.historicenvironment.scot/advice-and-support. You can contact us on 0131 668 8914 or at designations@hes.scot.

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Printed: 03/10/2022 15:11