Listed Building

The only legal part of the listing under the Planning (Listing Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997 is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing – see 'About Listed Buildings' below for more information. The further details below the 'Address/Name of Site' are provided for information purposes only.

Address/Name of Site

1-26 (INCLUSIVE NUMBERS) RUBISLAW TERRACE, AT RUBISLAW PLACE INCLUDING RAILINGS, LAMP STANDARDS, ANCILLARY STRUCTURES, AND BALUSTRADING, GATEPIERS, GATES AND RAILINGS ENCLOSING COMMUNAL GARDEN TO SOUTHLB20476

Status: Designated

Documents

There are no additional online documents for this record.

Summary

Category
B
Group Category Details
100000020 - see notes
Date Added
12/01/1967
Local Authority
Aberdeen
Planning Authority
Aberdeen
Burgh
Aberdeen
NGR
NJ 93111 5856
Coordinates
393111, 805856

Description

Mackenzie and Matthews, begun 1852 (Nos 5-22); Ellis and Wilson, 1880-1883 (Nos 1-4 and Nos 23-26). 2-storey, basement and attic, 54-bay palace block with Scots Baronial and classical detailing; comprising 24 2-bay houses arranged in 12 mirrored pairs, and 2 3-bay mirrored houses to central pavilion. Tooled coursed granite ashlar finely finished to margins. Base course; eaves course; eaves blocking course. Granite pilastered doorways surmounted by entablatures to principal floor, reached by stone steps; regular fenestration to basement floor; gableted dormers at wallhead, breaking eaves blocking course, stone finials to apex. Predominantly crowstepped principal gables.

S (PRINCIPAL) ELEVATION: Nos 13 and 14: central pavilion; symmetrical; 6-bay comprising 2 3-bay houses; regular fenestration to centre 2 bays at principal and 1st floors, doorways flanking to centre with single windows above, 4 dormers to attic floor above; gabled bays stepped forward to outer left and right, 3-light canted windows through basement, principal and 1st floors, with balustraded parapet forming balcony at attic floor, single window set in gablehead, stone finial to apex. Nos 7 and 8, 11 and 12, 15 and 16, 19 and 20: symmetrical; 4-bay each comprising 2 2-bay houses; doorways to centre 2 bays of principal floor, with 2 single windows above, tripartite windows to flanking bays to left and right at principal and 1st floors; 4 dormers to attic floor. Nos 5 and 6, 9 and 10, 17 and 18, 21 and 22: symmetrical; 4-bay each comprising 2 2-bay houses; doorways to centre 2 bays of principal floor, 2 single windows above, 2 dormers to attic floor; gabled bays stepped forward to outer left and right, 3-light canted windows through basement, principal and 1st floors, with balustraded parapet forming balcony at attic floor, single windows set in gablehead, stone finial to apex. Nos 3 and 4, 23 and 24: Ellis and Wilson; symmetrical; 4-bay comprising 2 2-bay houses, windows to centre of principal floor, flanked by doorways, single windows to 1st floor above, 2 dormers to attic floor, tripartite windows to principal and 1st floors of flanking bays to outer left and right, oversized gablets to attic floor with architraved windows to centre, with decorative hoodmoulds, stone finials to apex. Nos 1 and 2, 25 and 26: 4-bay comprising 2 2-bay houses, windows to centre of principal floor, flanked by doorways, single windows to 1st floor above, 2 dormers to attic floor; gabled bays stepped forward to outer left and right, 3-light canted windows through basement, principal and 1st floors with balustraded parapet forming balcony at attic floor, architraved windows set in gablehead, with scrolled ornament above, stone finials to apex.

E (RUBISLAW PLACE) ELEVATION: asymmetrical; 6-bay; 4 gabled bays to left, regular fenestration to principal floor, pair of windows to centre of 1st and attic floors, single window flanking to right, corbelled-out gablet with single window inset to bay to left at 1st floor, angle turret corbelled out to right; 2 2-storey bays to right, tripartite window to right of principal floor, with stepped hoodmould, regular fenestration to remainder, stepped-up parapet.

N (RUBISLAW TERRACE LANE) ELEVATION: predominantly regular fenestration, variety of additions.

W ELEVATION: obscured by adjoining Queen's Terrace (see separate listing).

Predominantly 2-pane sash and case windows; variety of small pane windows to N elevation. Grey slate roof with lead ridge. Coped stone skews. Coped gablehead and ridge stacks with octagonal cans. Cast-iron rainwater goods.

INTERIORS: not seen 2000.

RAILINGS, LAMP STANDARDS AND ANCILLARY STRUCTURES: iron railings enclosing basement to S elevation; regularly placed replacement lamp standards. L-plan granite rubble former coach house to E of Rubislaw Terrace lane, flanked by 2 square-plan gatepiers with spherical finials, and coped granite wall. Variety of granite rubble and brick faced former coach houses to Rubislaw Terrace Lane.

GARDEN TO S, BALUSTRADING, GATEPIERS, GATES AND RAILINGS: rectangular-plan garden to S of Rubislaw Terrace, low granite walls surmounted by replacement decorative railings enclosing garden to S, E and W; balustraded granite terrace enclosing garden to N, curved to entrance road to E, square-plan rough-faced piers with corniced caps at angles and flanking iron gate to centre. Fountain to centre of garden, Susan Jennifer Ball, 1992, curved grey granite baluster between pink granite rocks set in square pool.

Statement of Special Interest

B-Group with 1-10 Queen's Terrace (see separate listing). In the 19th century Aberdeen began to expand westwards following the introduction of the granite trade and the expansion of the harbour. The houses which were built at this time were a mixture of villas and terraces, with the terraces near the city centre. Rubislaw Terrace and the adjoining Queen's Terrace (see separate listing) are 2 of the grander terraces. Described by Groome as being "superior to anything of their class in the aristocratic quarter of almost any town in Scotland" (Groome, p7). Many of the terraces in this area were designed by Archibald Simpson (see separate listings), indeed Simpson was involved in the planning of Rubislaw Terrace. In contrast to Simpson's simple serene terraces, Rubislaw Terrace is a mixture of the classical and Scots Baronial styles, described by Fraser as "the rare merit of combining what is new, at least in Aberdeen, with what is, in point of taste, exceedingly beautiful" (Aberdeen Street Names, p149). The principal elevation is interrupted up by grand canted windows, with balustraded parapets, set in crowstepped gables and gableted attic windows with stone finials. Plans suggest that Mackenzie and Matthews, with James Giles the artist, were responsible for the central portion of Rubislaw Terrace (Nos 5-22), whereas Ellis and Wilson designed the more decorative outer blocks (Nos 1-4 and 23-26). The communal garden (seen also at Queen's Terrace), separated from the Terrace by a balustraded road, is also particularly fine.

References

Bibliography

Aberdeen City Archives, FEUING PLAN FOR PART OF THE LANDS OF RUBISLAW, (1949); ABERDEEN JOURNAL, 31 March 1852; 1st (1864-7) and 2nd (1901) EDITION OS MAPS; Aberdeen City Archives, PLANS FOR RUBISLAW TERRACE, 1872-1883; G M SIMPSON OF AUSTRALIA'S ALBUM, (1880), No 109, p23; F H Groome, ORDNANCE GAZETTEER OF SCOTLAND: A SURVEY OF SCOTTISH TOPOGRAPHY, STATISTICAL, BIOGRAPHICAL, AND HISTORICAL, Vol. 1, (1886), p7; A I McConnochie, 50 VIEWS OF THE GRANITE CITY, (c. 1900), p18; G M Fraser, ABERDEEN STREET NAMES: THEIR HISTORY, MEANING AND PERSONAL ASSOCIATIONS, (1911), p148-149; G M Fraser, "Archibald Simpson, Architect and His Times", ABERDEEN WEEKLY JOURNAL, 14 June 1918; W D Chapman & C F Riley, GRANITE CITY: A PLAN FOR ABERDEEN, (1952), plate 19; W A Brogden, ABERDEEN: AN ILLUSTRATED ARCHITECTURAL GUIDE, (2nd Edition: 1998), p124; C Leith, ALEXANDER ELLIS: A FINE VICTORIAN ARCHITECT, (1999), p156-158.

About Listed Buildings

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating sites and places at the national level. These designations are Scheduled monuments, Listed buildings, Inventory of gardens and designed landscapes and Inventory of historic battlefields.

We make recommendations to the Scottish Government about historic marine protected areas, and the Scottish Ministers decide whether to designate.

Listing is the process that identifies, designates and provides statutory protection for buildings of special architectural or historic interest as set out in the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings which are found to be of special architectural or historic interest using the selection guidance published in Designation Policy and Selection Guidance (2019)

Listed building records provide an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building which has been identified by its statutory address. The description and additional information provided are supplementary and have no legal weight.

These records are not definitive historical accounts or a complete description of the building(s). If part of a building is not described it does not mean it is not listed. The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site which is known as the statutory address. Other than the name or address of a listed building, further details are provided for information purposes only. Historic Environment Scotland does not accept any liability for any loss or damage suffered as a consequence of inaccuracies in the information provided. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing. Even if a number or name is missing from a listing address it will still be listed. Listing covers both the exterior and the interior and any object or structure fixed to the building. Listing also applies to buildings or structures not physically attached but which are part of the curtilage (or land) of the listed building as long as they were erected before 1 July 1948.

While Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating listed buildings, the planning authority is responsible for determining what is covered by the listing, including what is listed through curtilage. However, for listed buildings designated or for listings amended from 1 October 2015, legal exclusions to the listing may apply.

If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the 1997 Act. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect subsequent legislation.

Listed building consent is required for changes to a listed building which affect its character as a building of special architectural or historic interest. The relevant planning authority is the point of contact for applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at www.historicenvironment.scot/advice-and-support. You can contact us on 0131 668 8914 or at designations@hes.scot.

Images

There are no images available for this record, you may want to check Canmore for images relating to 1-26 (INCLUSIVE NUMBERS) RUBISLAW TERRACE, AT RUBISLAW PLACE INCLUDING RAILINGS, LAMP STANDARDS, ANCILLARY STRUCTURES, AND BALUSTRADING, GATEPIERS, GATES AND RAILINGS ENCLOSING COMMUNAL GARDEN TO SOUTH

There are no images available for this record.

Search Canmore

Printed: 20/05/2022 01:08