Listed Building

The only legal part of the listing under the Planning (Listing Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997 is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing – see 'About Listed Buildings' below for more information. The further details below the 'Address/Name of Site' are provided for information purposes only.

Address/Name of Site


Status: Designated


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Date Added
Local Authority
Perth And Kinross
Planning Authority
Perth And Kinross
Trinity Gask
NN 93178 16963
293178, 716963


Probably R & R Dickson, dated 1825. Rare survival of unusually well-detailed small estate Ice House with Tudor doorway and circular chamber with dome. Ashlar front with concave moulded, droved doorway facing driveway (E).

Statement of Special Interest

B group with Stable Block, Walled Garden with Formal Terraced Garden, South Gate and Monument.

This is a rare survival of a once prolific estate building type which became an important domestic feature. It is a key component part at Millearne and makes a significant contribution to the surviving group of estate buildings. The Ice House is set-back within rising ground overlooking the principal driveway and has a fine well-detailed entrance reflecting the Tudor Gothic estate style at Millearne. A watercourse on the opposite side of the driveway flows into the River Earn immediately south of the main gate.

The Ice House is attributed to R & R Dickson as they, together with John George Home Drummond, are though to have designed the now demolished Millearne House which was begun in 1821. Scotland was slow to adopt the new Tudor Gothic style with few earlier examples than Millearne.

Estate ice houses were commonly freestanding, and covered with either turf or thatch. Buxbaum quotes Sylvia Beamon and Susan Roaf writing in 1990, 'In Britain some three thousand were built, the majority in the period 1750-1875'. This example at Millearne is not sited near the stable block or walled garden as was common, but proximity to a watercourse on sloping ground was equally desirable particularly for drainage purposes. In spite of the increasing popularity of ice houses during the 19th century, when purer ice could be imported from America and Scandinavia, intact survivors are surprisingly rare.



Tim Buxbaum Icehouses (1992), p8. 1st and 2nd edition Ordnance Survey Maps (1859-64 and 1894). John Gifford The Buildings of Scotland Perth and Kinross (2007). Tim Buxbaum Scottish Garden Buildings From Food to Folly (1989) pp106-111. Alistair Rowan Country Life - Millearne, Perthshire I and II (24 February and 2 March 1972).

About Listed Buildings

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating sites and places at the national level. These designations are Scheduled monuments, Listed buildings, Inventory of gardens and designed landscapes and Inventory of historic battlefields.

We make recommendations to the Scottish Government about historic marine protected areas, and the Scottish Ministers decide whether to designate.

Listing is the process that identifies, designates and provides statutory protection for buildings of special architectural or historic interest as set out in the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings which are found to be of special architectural or historic interest using the selection guidance published in Designation Policy and Selection Guidance (2019)

Listed building records provide an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building which has been identified by its statutory address. The description and additional information provided are supplementary and have no legal weight.

These records are not definitive historical accounts or a complete description of the building(s). If part of a building is not described it does not mean it is not listed. The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site which is known as the statutory address. Other than the name or address of a listed building, further details are provided for information purposes only. Historic Environment Scotland does not accept any liability for any loss or damage suffered as a consequence of inaccuracies in the information provided. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing. Even if a number or name is missing from a listing address it will still be listed. Listing covers both the exterior and the interior and any object or structure fixed to the building. Listing also applies to buildings or structures not physically attached but which are part of the curtilage (or land) of the listed building as long as they were erected before 1 July 1948.

While Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating listed buildings, the planning authority is responsible for determining what is covered by the listing, including what is listed through curtilage. However, for listed buildings designated or for listings amended from 1 October 2015, legal exclusions to the listing may apply.

If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the 1997 Act. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect subsequent legislation.

Listed building consent is required for changes to a listed building which affect its character as a building of special architectural or historic interest. The relevant planning authority is the point of contact for applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at You can contact us on 0131 668 8914 or at


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Printed: 14/08/2022 05:05