Listed Building

The only legal part of the listing under the Planning (Listing Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997 is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing – see 'About Listed Buildings' below for more information. The further details below the 'Address/Name of Site' are provided for information purposes only.

Address/Name of Site

SMEATON HOUSE (KNOWN AS SMEATON HOME FARM) WITH GARDEN WALLSLB10924

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Category
B
Date Added
27/11/1990
Local Authority
East Lothian
Planning Authority
East Lothian
Parish
Inveresk
NGR
NT 34787 69689
Coordinates
334787, 669689

Description

Remains of early 18th century Classical house,

attributed to James Smith, originally 3-storey, U-plan

opening to E, with round towers to corners of W

elevation. Less than half original design remains (S

half), as 2-storey house and 3-storey tower, with later

alterations and additions; vaulted ground floor.

Sandstone rubble, harl-pointed; ashlar dressings; base

course and moulded cornice.

2-STOREY BLOCK: original S wing extended sympathetically

to N at E end, possibly in 19th century. Small original

windows to vaulted ground floor, and several later and

altered windows to each elevation. 4 bays to S, irregular

fenestration; 2 bays to E (that to right in later

extension) with windows to each floor, left window at

ground floor considerably enlarged. E elevation with

projecting extension to outer left, windows to each

floor, and door on return elevation to W; flush panelled

door. lean-to bay at centre with window to each floor.

Advanced bays to outer right built-up from curtain wall

remains, and given flat-roof, rendered and lined with

modern window and further, secondary door. W elevation

with tower to outer right, and 2 closely grouped bays to

2-storey house to left; altered openings, blinded in bay

to left.

TOWER: round tower with rectangular stairblock adjoined.

Door at foot of stairblock. Later windows inserted to W

elevation; blinded arrow slits to stairblock to S.

Conical and piend roofs.

Small-pane glazing pattern to sash and case windows.

Grey slates to piend roofs; lead flashings. Rendered

stacks.

CURTAIN WALLS AND NW TOWER REMAINS: curtain wall remains

of W elevation to ground floor height, with openings

(some blocked); ashlar coped. Low portion of 2nd

tower retained to NW, converted as outbuilding with

flat-roof.

GARDEN WALLS: sandstone rubble walls with ashlar and

semi-circular coping, extending from S elevation to S.

Statement of Special Interest

Built as East Park House, currently also known as

Smeaton Home Farm. James Smith was working at Dalkeith

Palace for the Duke of Buccleuch from 1702, and it is

probably that he also designed the 'summer residence' in

the landscaped grounds. Tait records Boyse's description

of the Duke of Buccleuch's retreat from the Palace at

SW, to 'lovely Smeaton', where 'greatness wearied with

its rooms of state, Finds oft the secret charms of a

retreat'. Pococke, from a visit in 1760, revealed the

Duke's routine of sleeping at Smeaton while dining at

Dalkeith (where the market gardens were renowned). The

existence of a vaulted basement suggests that an earlier

building was incorporated in the early 18th century

design. The house is marked on the 1852 OS of

Edinburghshire as Smeaton Dairy. Smeaton House lodge and

gatepiers, and the cottages, stables and cartshed of

the Home Farm, are listed separately. John Adam is

reported to have visited the House to inspect for

necessary repairs in June 1752.

References

Bibliography

William Adam VITRUVIUS SCOTICUS Plates 81, 82, plan

and elevations, East Park House.

SRO plans RHP 9520 (1718) and RHP 9521 (1759).

R Pococke TOURS IN SCOTLAND (1887) p312.

A A Tait THE LANDSCAPE GARDEN IN SCOTLAND (1980) pp40-41.

THE WORKS OF THE ENGLISH POETS xiv, p568. Poem by Boyse,

1732.

About Listed Buildings

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating sites and places at the national level. These designations are Scheduled monuments, Listed buildings, Inventory of gardens and designed landscapes and Inventory of historic battlefields.

We make recommendations to the Scottish Government about historic marine protected areas, and the Scottish Ministers decide whether to designate.

Listing is the process that identifies, designates and provides statutory protection for buildings of special architectural or historic interest as set out in the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings which are found to be of special architectural or historic interest using the selection guidance published in Designation Policy and Selection Guidance (2019)

Listed building records provide an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building which has been identified by its statutory address. The description and additional information provided are supplementary and have no legal weight.

These records are not definitive historical accounts or a complete description of the building(s). If part of a building is not described it does not mean it is not listed. The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site which is known as the statutory address. Other than the name or address of a listed building, further details are provided for information purposes only. Historic Environment Scotland does not accept any liability for any loss or damage suffered as a consequence of inaccuracies in the information provided. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing. Even if a number or name is missing from a listing address it will still be listed. Listing covers both the exterior and the interior and any object or structure fixed to the building. Listing also applies to buildings or structures not physically attached but which are part of the curtilage (or land) of the listed building as long as they were erected before 1 July 1948.

While Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating listed buildings, the planning authority is responsible for determining what is covered by the listing, including what is listed through curtilage. However, for listed buildings designated or for listings amended from 1 October 2015, legal exclusions to the listing may apply.

If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the 1997 Act. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect subsequent legislation.

Listed building consent is required for changes to a listed building which affect its character as a building of special architectural or historic interest. The relevant planning authority is the point of contact for applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at www.historicenvironment.scot/advice-and-support. You can contact us on 0131 668 8914 or at designations@hes.scot.

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