Scheduled Monument

Doune of Invernochty, motteSM94

Status: Designated


Where documents include maps, the use of this data is subject to terms and conditions (

The legal document available for download below constitutes the formal designation of the monument under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979. The additional details provided on this page are provided for information purposes only and do not form part of the designation. Historic Environment Scotland accepts no liability for any loss or damages arising from reliance on any inaccuracies within this additional information.


Date Added
Last Date Amended
Secular: motte
Local Authority
NJ 35144 12963
335144, 812963


The monument comprises a motte of medieval date, visible as a mound and associated earthworks. It was first scheduled in 1953, but an inadequate area was included to protect all the archaeological remains. The present scheduling rectifies this.

The monument lies in a level area of arable land close to the point where the river Bardock merges with the Don, at a height of around 285m OD. It comprises an oval mound, measuring some 80m from NNW to SSE by 40m transversely, surrounded by a ditch. Measuring from the base of the ditch to the summit of the mound, the height of the motte is approximately 12m.

The defensive capabilities of the site were enhanced by the fact that the moat was once filled with water. A large bank extending to the NW of the mound was used to dam a small lake, from which water was supplied to fill the ditch as required. Further protection was provided beyond this water-filled moat in the form of an outer bank, enlarged on the SE to form a crescentic platform, approximately 25m across (maximum). This probably formed the bailey, which would once have been enclosed around its perimeter by a palisade of closely-spaced timbers.

Evidence of stone structures contemporary with the motte's primary occupation is discernible on the summit of the mound, including the remains of an encircling curtain wall and a rectangular structure that may represent the remains of a church. The monument appears to have been built during the late 12th or early 13th century, probably by the Earl of Mar, a powerful local magnate sympathetic to the Normans.

The area proposed for scheduling comprises the remains described and an area around them within which related material may be expected to survive. It is irregular on plan, with maximum dimensions of 278m from its northernmost point to its southernmost point, by 198m from its easternmost point to its westernmost point, as marked in red on the accompanying map.



No Bibliography entries for this designation

About Scheduled Monuments

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating sites and places at the national level. These designations are Scheduled monuments, Listed buildings, Inventory of gardens and designed landscapes and Inventory of historic battlefields.

We make recommendations to the Scottish Government about historic marine protected areas, and the Scottish Ministers decide whether to designate.

Scheduling is the process that identifies, designates and provides statutory protection for monuments and archaeological sites of national importance as set out in the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979.

We schedule sites and monuments that are found to be of national importance using the selection guidance published in Designation Policy and Selection Guidance (2019)

Scheduled monument records provide an indication of the national importance of the scheduled monument which has been identified by the description and map. The description and map (see ‘legal documents’ above) showing the scheduled area is the designation of the monument under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979. The statement of national importance and additional information provided are supplementary and provided for general information purposes only. Historic Environment Scotland accepts no liability for any loss or damages arising from reliance on any inaccuracies within the statement of national importance or additional information. These records are not definitive historical or archaeological accounts or a complete description of the monument(s).

The format of scheduled monument records has changed over time. Earlier records will usually be brief. Some information will not have been recorded and the map will not be to current standards. Even if what is described and what is mapped has changed, the monument is still scheduled.

Scheduled monument consent is required to carry out certain work, including repairs, to scheduled monuments. Applications for scheduled monument consent are made to us. We are happy to discuss your proposals with you before you apply and we do not charge for advice or consent. More information about consent and how to apply for it can be found on our website at

Find out more about scheduling and our other designations at You can contact us on 0131 668 8914 or at


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Printed: 03/12/2022 09:45