- Date Added
- Supplementary Information Updated
- Secular: castle
- Local Authority
- Shetland Islands
- HU 40458 39251
- 440458, 1139251
The monument comprises a castle of early 17th-century date. It is in the care of the Secretary of State for Scotland and is being re-scheduled to clarify the extent of the protected area.
The monument lies on a low natural coastal promontory within the town of Scalloway, at around 10m OD. It comprises Scalloway Castle, constructed in 1600-7 by Patrick Stewart, earl of Orkney and lord of Shetland. The castle consists of an rectangular tower-house measuring about 18m E-W by about 10m N-S, with a jamb attached to its SW corner measuring about 8m by 8m. Although now roofless, it stands three storeys high above a vaulted ground floor. The ground floor contained cellarage and a kitchen. A stair within the jamb led up from the main door to the hall, which occupied all of the first-floor of the main block. Above this were the earl's private chambers, and above them and in upper part of the jamb a suite of additional chambers. It is likely that the castle would originally have had ancillary buildings and yards extending over the whole peninsula on which it is built. Archaeological excavation in 1979 and 1980 revealed evidence of such outbuildings to the N. Further remains of associated structures may be expected to survive beneath the topsoil in the immediate surrounding area.
The area proposed for scheduling comprises the remains described and an area around them within which related material may be expected to be found. It is irregular with maximum dimensions of 80m N-S and 70m E-W, as marked in red on the accompanying map extract. The building in the NW corner of the area proposed for scheduling and an area of land 2m around it are excluded from the present rescheduling.
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Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for the designation of buildings, monuments, gardens and designed landscapes and historic battlefields. We also advise Scottish Ministers on the designation of historic marine protected areas.
Scheduling is the way that a monument or archaeological site of national importance is recognised by law through the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979.
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