Scheduled Monument

Scalloway CastleSM90273

Status: Designated


Where documents include maps, the use of this data is subject to terms and conditions (


Date Added
Supplementary Information Updated
Secular: castle
Local Authority
Shetland Islands
HU 40458 39251
440458, 1139251


The monument comprises a castle of early 17th-century date. It is in the care of the Secretary of State for Scotland and is being re-scheduled to clarify the extent of the protected area.

The monument lies on a low natural coastal promontory within the town of Scalloway, at around 10m OD. It comprises Scalloway Castle, constructed in 1600-7 by Patrick Stewart, earl of Orkney and lord of Shetland. The castle consists of an rectangular tower-house measuring about 18m E-W by about 10m N-S, with a jamb attached to its SW corner measuring about 8m by 8m. Although now roofless, it stands three storeys high above a vaulted ground floor. The ground floor contained cellarage and a kitchen. A stair within the jamb led up from the main door to the hall, which occupied all of the first-floor of the main block. Above this were the earl's private chambers, and above them and in upper part of the jamb a suite of additional chambers. It is likely that the castle would originally have had ancillary buildings and yards extending over the whole peninsula on which it is built. Archaeological excavation in 1979 and 1980 revealed evidence of such outbuildings to the N. Further remains of associated structures may be expected to survive beneath the topsoil in the immediate surrounding area.

The area proposed for scheduling comprises the remains described and an area around them within which related material may be expected to be found. It is irregular with maximum dimensions of 80m N-S and 70m E-W, as marked in red on the accompanying map extract. The building in the NW corner of the area proposed for scheduling and an area of land 2m around it are excluded from the present rescheduling.



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Historic Environment Scotland Properties

Scalloway Castle

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About Scheduled Monuments

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating sites and places at the national level. These designations are Scheduled monuments, Listed buildings, Inventory of gardens and designed landscapes and Inventory of historic battlefields.

We make recommendations to the Scottish Government about historic marine protected areas, and the Scottish Ministers decide whether to designate.

Scheduling is the process that identifies, designates and provides statutory protection for monuments and archaeological sites of national importance as set out in the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979.

We schedule sites and monuments that are found to be of national importance using the selection guidance published in Designation Policy and Selection Guidance (2019)

Scheduled monument records provide an indication of the national importance of the scheduled monument which has been identified by the description and map. The description and map showing the scheduled area is the legal part of the scheduling. The statement of national importance and additional information provided are supplementary. These records are not definitive historical or archaeological accounts or a complete description of the monument(s).

The format of scheduled monument records has changed over time. Earlier records will usually be brief. Some information will not have been recorded and the map will not be to current standards. Even if what is described and what is mapped has changed, the monument is still scheduled.

Scheduled monument consent is required to carry out certain work, including repairs, to scheduled monuments. Applications for scheduled monument consent are made to us. We are happy to discuss your proposals with you before you apply and we do not charge for advice or consent. More information about consent and how to apply for it can be found on our website at

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