Scheduled Monument

St Blane's church,monastery and 'the cauldron',ButeSM90264

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Date Added
04/05/1994
Type
Ecclesiastical: burial ground, cemetery, graveyard; chapel; monastic settlement; precinct walls; well
Local Authority
Argyll And Bute
Parish
Kingarth
NGR
NS 9457 53500
Coordinates
209457, 653500

Description

The monument consists of the site of the early monastery of St Blane's. Remains include the ruins of the parish church, two grave yards, an extensive monastic enclosure, traces of other walls, a number of possible small buildings (or 'cells'), a structure called 'the cauldron', a well, a corn kiln and the socket stone for a cross.

The monastery was founded at an unknown date prior to AD 574 and there is clear evidence of Christian burial in the 6th and 7th centuries AD. The list of abbots extends to 790, when the Viking raids began. St Blane's Church is a fine 12th century Romanesque building, consisting of a nave and chancel. It was used as the parish church of Kingarth until the early 18th century. The associated cemetery is in two parts and the lower graveyard contains traces of a small building orientated E-W. Both graveyards are filled with lines of graves, mostly of 12th to 13th century date. The monastic enclosure is defined to the W by a near vertical rock face and on the other sides by a restored cashel wall from which another wall (now traceable merely as footings) branches off. Remains of other buildings, possibly monastic cells, lie to the SW and NW of the church and St Blane's Well is also located within the enclosure. The cauldron is a circular stone-built enclosure about 10m in diameter of unknown date and origin. Just outside the cashel wall on its NE side is the base stone for a substantial cross and also the remains of a corn drying kiln, about 4m in diameter.

The area proposed for scheduling measures a maximum of 450m NNW-SSE by 225m E-W, to include the church, graveyards, cashel wall, other enclosures, well, possible cells, corn kiln and cross base and an area around in which associated remains may survive, as shown in red on the accompanying map.

References

Bibliography

No Bibliography entries for this designation

Historic Environment Scotland Properties

St. Blane's Church

https://www.historicenvironment.scot/visit-a-place/places/st-blanes-church

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About Scheduled Monuments

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating sites and places at the national level. These designations are Scheduled monuments, Listed buildings, Inventory of gardens and designed landscapes and Inventory of historic battlefields.

We make recommendations to the Scottish Government about historic marine protected areas, and the Scottish Ministers decide whether to designate.

Scheduling is the process that identifies, designates and provides statutory protection for monuments and archaeological sites of national importance as set out in the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979.

We schedule sites and monuments that are found to be of national importance using the selection guidance published in Designation Policy and Selection Guidance (2019)

Scheduled monument records provide an indication of the national importance of the scheduled monument which has been identified by the description and map. The description and map showing the scheduled area is the legal part of the scheduling. The statement of national importance and additional information provided are supplementary. These records are not definitive historical or archaeological accounts or a complete description of the monument(s).

The format of scheduled monument records has changed over time. Earlier records will usually be brief. Some information will not have been recorded and the map will not be to current standards. Even if what is described and what is mapped has changed, the monument is still scheduled.

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Find out more about scheduling and our other designations at www.historicenvironment.scot/advice-and-support. You can contact us on 0131 668 8914 or at designations@hes.scot.

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Printed: 14/10/2019 17:34