Scheduled Monument

Inch Kenneth Chapel, chapel, cross and tombstones, Loch na KealSM90168

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Date Added
27/03/1928
Last Date Amended
30/07/1998
Type
Crosses and carved stones: cross (free-standing); tombstone, Ecclesiastical: church
Local Authority
Argyll And Bute
Parish
Kilfinichen And Kilvickeon
NGR
NM 43741 35419
Coordinates
143741, 735419

Description

This monument consists of the remains of a 13th-century parish church with associated ground and funerary and monumental sculpture. It has been scheduled for many years, and this rescheduling is merely intended to clarify, without extending, the protected area and status of the monument, as these are not perfectly clear in the 1920s documents.

The church measures roughly 12m by 6m with the nave/chancel divide marked only by a step. There are two lancet windows in the E wall with a further small window in each of the N and S walls of the chancel. The main entrance to the church is towards the W end of the N wall and retains several voussoirs from its arched entrance. The E gable has a pronounced lean which has been stabilised, probably in the 16th or 17th centuries, by two massive buttresses at the corners. To the south of the chancel is a burial enclosure. The walls of the church are largely complete, though the gables and the S wall have suffered considerable losses.

Against the W wall of the church stand eight grave slabs. To the SW of the church is a free standing disc-headed cross.

The scheduled area includes the church, the historic tombstones and the entire graveyard as defined by the fence which borders its N, E and W sides and the top of the cliff to the S. The area is irregular in shape, measuring a maximum of 80m NE-SW by 65m NW-SE, as marked in red on the accompanying map extract.

Statement of National Importance

This monument is of national importance as a well-preserved medieval chapel. The quality of the carving, both on the chapel and on the associated grave slabs, indicates the importance of the site in the Middle Ages. The dedication suggests that the site may have an early Christian origin though there has been no evidence to support this. The archaeology of the site has the potential to increase our knowledge of life in Argyll in the Middle Ages. The monument's importance is recognised by its status as a Property in Care of the Secretary of State.

References

Bibliography

RCHAMS records the monument as NM43NW 1.

Historic Environment Scotland Properties

Inchkenneth Chapel

https://www.historicenvironment.scot/visit-a-place/places/inchkenneth-chapel

Find out more

About Scheduled Monuments

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for the designation of buildings, monuments, gardens and designed landscapes and historic battlefields. We also advise Scottish Ministers on the designation of historic marine protected areas.

Scheduling is the way that a monument or archaeological site of national importance is recognised by law through the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979.

We schedule sites and monuments of national importance using the criteria published in the Historic Environment Scotland Policy Statement.

The description and map showing the scheduled area is the legal part of the scheduling. The additional information in the scheduled monument record gives an indication of the national importance of the monument(s). It is not a definitive account or a complete description of the monument(s). The format of scheduled monument records has changed over time. Earlier records will usually be brief and some information will not have been recorded. Scheduled monument consent is required to carry out certain work, including repairs, to scheduled monuments. Applications for scheduled monument consent are made to us. We are happy to discuss your proposals with you before you apply and we do not charge for advice or consent. More information about consent and how to apply for it can be found on our website at www.historicenvironment.scot.

Find out more about scheduling and our other designations at www.historicenvironment.scot. You can contact us on 0131 668 8716 or at designations@hes.scot.

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Printed: 09/12/2018 21:21