Scheduled Monument

Corgarff CastleSM90080

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Date Added
30/12/1936
Last Date Amended
08/11/1999
Type
Secular: barracks; castle
Local Authority
Aberdeenshire
Parish
Strathdon
NGR
NJ 25450 8669
Coordinates
325450, 808669

Description

The monument comprises a castle of 16th-century date, converted into a military barracks in the 18th century. It is in the care of the Secretary of State for Scotland and is being re-scheduled to clarify the extent of the protected area.

The monument lies in grassland at around 450m OD. It comprises Corgarff Castle, a plain rubble-built tower measuring approximately 11m long by about 7m wide, with walls measuring about 2m thick. It stands four storeys high and is entered from the first floor. At each end of the tower is a wing one storey high. Surrounding the castle is a rectangular curtain wall with a triangular salient on each face; the wall is looped for muskets.

The curtain wall and the low wings at each end of the tower were added to the castle in the mid 18th century, when Government troops were stationed at the castle following the 1745 uprising. The castle occupies the site of an earlier tower, destroyed in 1581. The earlier tower was also enclosed within a perimeter wall, which also contained other buildings. Remains of these earlier buildings may be expected to survive as archaeological deposits below ground level.

The area proposed for scheduling comprises the remains described and an area around them within which related material may be expected to be found. It is rectangular, measuring 39.5m NNE-SSW by 51m WNW-ESE, and is defined by a modern fence, which is itself excluded from the scheduled area, as marked in red on the accompanying map extract.

Statement of National Importance

The monument is of national importance because of its contribution to our understanding of defensive architecture from the 16th century and because of the insights that it gives into the history of the pacification of the Highlands following the Jacobite uprising of 1745. Its significance is enhanced by the potential of its below-ground archaeological remains to shed further light on the material culture of its periods of occupation and use. Its importance is reflected in its status as a Property in the Care of the Secretary of State for Scotland.

References

Bibliography

RCAHMS records the monument as NJ 20 NE 1.

References:

Cross, M, 1994, Bibliography of Monuments in the Care of the Secretary of State for Scotland, 119-20. Glasgow.

Lindsay, M, 1994, The castles of Scotland, London, 152.

MacGibbon, D and Ross, T, 1887-92, The castellated and domestic architecture of Scotland from the twelfth to the eighteenth centuries, 5v Edinburgh, vol. 2, 66-8, Fig. 532-3.

Shepherd, I A G, 1994, Gordon: an illustrated architectural guide, Edinburgh, 70.

Simpson, W D 1927, 'Corgarff Castle, Aberdeenshire', Proc Soc Antiq Scot, Vol. 61, 48-103.

Tabraham, C and MacIvor, I, 1993, Corgarff Castle. Historic Scotland, Edinburgh.

Historic Environment Scotland Properties

Corgarff Castle

https://www.historicenvironment.scot/visit-a-place/places/corgarff-castle

Find out more

About Scheduled Monuments

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for the designation of buildings, monuments, gardens and designed landscapes and historic battlefields. We also advise Scottish Ministers on the designation of historic marine protected areas.

Scheduling is the way that a monument or archaeological site of national importance is recognised by law through the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979.

We schedule sites and monuments of national importance using the criteria published in the Historic Environment Scotland Policy Statement.

The description and map showing the scheduled area is the legal part of the scheduling. The additional information in the scheduled monument record gives an indication of the national importance of the monument(s). It is not a definitive account or a complete description of the monument(s). The format of scheduled monument records has changed over time. Earlier records will usually be brief and some information will not have been recorded. Scheduled monument consent is required to carry out certain work, including repairs, to scheduled monuments. Applications for scheduled monument consent are made to us. We are happy to discuss your proposals with you before you apply and we do not charge for advice or consent. More information about consent and how to apply for it can be found on our website at www.historicenvironment.scot.

Find out more about scheduling and our other designations at www.historicenvironment.scot. You can contact us on 0131 668 8716 or at designations@hes.scot.

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Printed: 14/12/2018 01:58