The monument comprises the remains of a castle of 13th- to 16th-century date. It is in the care of the Secretary of State for Scotland and is being re-scheduled to clarify the extent of the protected area.
The monument lies on a promontory above the River Fiddich, at around 150m OD. It comprises the remains of Balvenie Castle. Sub-rectangular on plan, it measures approximately 55m NW-SE by about 40m transversely, surrounded on the NW and SW by a ditch measuring about 12m wide with vertical, stone revetted sides.
The earliest remains of the castle probably date to the latter half of the thirteenth century. They comprise the remains of a castle of enceinte, represented by a quadrangular curtain wall measuring about 2m thick and up to about 10m high, enclosed by a berm and a wide ditch. The castle had salient towers at the W and N corners, and probably on the E. The ditch survives on the NW and SW; on the NE it has been replaced by a cultivation terrace, while on the SE it appears to have been filled in. The footings of buildings against the inside faces of the NW, SW and SE walls of the courtyard probably date to the late 14th century or early 15th century. Under John Stewart, 4th earl of Atholl (1542-79), however, a three storey lodging (the Atholl Lodging) was built in the NE part of the SE range, with a rounded tower protruding from its E corner.
The area proposed for scheduling comprises the remains described and an area around them within which related material may be expected to be found. It is irregular with maximum dimensions of 120m from its northernmost point to its southernmost point and 170m from its easternmost point to its westernmost point, bounded for most of its perimeter by a fence, the above-ground elements of which are specifically excluded from the present rescheduling, as marked in red on the accompanying map extract. The scheduling excludes the modern building erected as a custodian's hut and also the top 30cm of the modern road and carpark surfaces to allow for maintenance.