Scheduled Monument

Antonine Wall, camp, fortlet, fort and settlement, Croy HillSM90011

Status: Designated


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Date Added
Last Date Amended
Roman: Antonine Wall; bathhouse; civil settlement; fort; fortlet; military way
Local Authority
North Lanarkshire
NS 73256 76544
273256, 676544


This monument is a section of the Antonine Wall which runs across Croy Hill. It includes examples of the different types of installation to be found along the Wall, such as expansions (possibly beacon platforms), a camp, a fortlet, a fort and a possible civilian settlement outside the fort.

This proposal forms part of a programme which is intended to update the scheduling of the Antonine Wall, and extends the protected area along this part of the line of the Wall.

The ditch of the Antonine Wall is exceptionally well-preserved here as it has been cut through the basalt rock of Croy Hill. The rampart is only visible above the surface on the west side of the hill, as elsewhere it has been flattened by ploughing, although remains are still likely to survive below ground. On the W flank of the hill are the visible remains of two expansions (possible beacon platforms) attached to the rear of a surviving section of rampart.

On the top of Croy Hill are the remains of a fortlet, fort, camp and civilian settlement, which have been partly examined by excavation. The excavations indicate a complex sequence of Roman occupation on Croy Hill, beginning with a camp, probably used to house troops engaged in building the fortlet.

The fortlet was probably the principal military installation on Croy Hill until the fort was built over the site of the camp. Few above-ground signs of these structures remain; a deserted farm now occupies the site of the fort and camp on a level plateau on the east side of the hill, and the fortlet site lies about 100m W of the fort site, on a slight knoll further back up the hill.

A probable civilian settlement was discovered during excavations to the SW of the fort, and a field system to the SE. The upcast mound is particularly well-preserved towards the eastern end of this section, showing clear evidence of discrete dumps of stony material excavated from the ditch.

The area to be scheduled measures a maximum of 1620m WSW-ENE by 210m NW-SE, to include a length of the Antonine Wall, the Roman fortlet, fort, camp, bathhouse, part of the civilian settlement and the field system, as shown in red on the accompanying map extract.

The south-western boundary is marked by the gate forming the entrance to the Guardianship area, and the eastern boundary by a field fence 60m E of the point where the wall line is crossed by an old railway, now used as a track.

Statement of National Importance

The monument is of national importance because of its potential to provide information about Roman military frontier systems and the life of the Roman army on the northern frontier of the Roman Empire. Croy Hill is the site of one of the best preserved Roman forts in Scotland and there is a very important series of associated monuments.



No Bibliography entries for this designation

Historic Environment Scotland Properties

Antonine Wall - Croy Hill

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About Scheduled Monuments

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating sites and places at the national level. These designations are Scheduled monuments, Listed buildings, Inventory of gardens and designed landscapes and Inventory of historic battlefields.

We make recommendations to the Scottish Government about historic marine protected areas, and the Scottish Ministers decide whether to designate.

Scheduling is the process that identifies, designates and provides statutory protection for monuments and archaeological sites of national importance as set out in the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979.

We schedule sites and monuments that are found to be of national importance using the selection guidance published in Designation Policy and Selection Guidance (2019)

Scheduled monument records provide an indication of the national importance of the scheduled monument which has been identified by the description and map. The description and map showing the scheduled area is the legal part of the scheduling. The statement of national importance and additional information provided are supplementary. These records are not definitive historical or archaeological accounts or a complete description of the monument(s).

The format of scheduled monument records has changed over time. Earlier records will usually be brief. Some information will not have been recorded and the map will not be to current standards. Even if what is described and what is mapped has changed, the monument is still scheduled.

Scheduled monument consent is required to carry out certain work, including repairs, to scheduled monuments. Applications for scheduled monument consent are made to us. We are happy to discuss your proposals with you before you apply and we do not charge for advice or consent. More information about consent and how to apply for it can be found on our website at

Find out more about scheduling and our other designations at You can contact us on 0131 668 8914 or at


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Printed: 05/07/2020 09:08