Scheduled Monument

Union Canal, River Avon to GreenbankSM8952

Status: Designated


Where documents include maps, the use of this data is subject to terms and conditions (

The legal document available for download below constitutes the formal designation of the monument under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979. The additional details provided on this page are provided for information purposes only and do not form part of the designation. Historic Environment Scotland accepts no liability for any loss or damages arising from reliance on any inaccuracies within this additional information.


Date Added
Industrial: bridge, viaduct, aqueduct; inland water; milestone, guide plate, direction post; tunnel
Local Authority
Falkirk, Grangemouth, Muiravonside
NS 91640 78131
291640, 678131


The monument comprises that stretch of the inland waterway almost 8 miles (12km) long, forming that part of the Union Canal falling within the boundary of the former county of Stirlingshire.

The monument runs from the east end of the aqueduct over the River Avon (on the east) to the original terminus (Port Maxwell) at Greenbank, Falkirk (on the west), and includes the entire stretch of canal in water together with the banks on either side, the towing path running along one side, all overflows, distance markers and kicking stones.

In addition, the monument includes the following canal structures (in order from east to west):

[1] Avon Aqueduct;

[2] repairing dock W of the Avon Aqueduct;

[3] Bridge 49;

[4] Slamannan Dock (Causewayend Basin);

[5] Bridge 50;

[6] Aqueduct over the Manuel Burn;

[7] Bridge 52 (Kirk Bridge);

[8] Bethankie Bridge Aqueduct;

[9] Bridge 53;

[10] Bridge 54;

[11] Wharf W of Bridge 54;

[12] Aqueduct over the Polmont Burn;

[13] Bridge 56;

[14] Aqueduct over the Westquarter Burn;

[15] Bridge 57;

[16] Bridge 58;

[17] Bridge 59;

[18] Aqueduct over the Glen Burn;

[19] Bridge 60;

[20] Bridge 61 (Glen Bridge) carrying B8028;

[21] Falkirk Tunnel;

[22] Bridge 62;

[23] Locks 7 - 11 (now infilled) forming part of the link to the Forth & Clyde Canal.

The monument excludes all modern fences, walls and landing stages, as well as the following structures:

[1] New road bridge (Bridge 51A) carrying Vellore Road over canal;

[2] New road bridge (Bridge 52A) carrying A801 over canal;

[3] Pedestrian bridge W of Victoria Place, Polmont;

[4] Road bridge (Bridge 55A) at B805 road ;

[5] Swing bridge at Redding Business Park;

[6] Seagull Trust building W of Bridge 62.

The scheduled area has an overall width varying from 25m to 85m, as marked in red on the accompanying map extracts.The modern ground surface above the Falkirk Tunnel is specifically excluded from the scheduling.

Statement of National Importance

The monument is of national importance because, as an integral part of the Union Canal, it represents a superlative achievement of Georgian civil engineering. Designed by the noted Scots engineer, Hugh Baird, and built 1818-23, its continuous watercourse, over 31 miles long, was without need of a single lock, and was graced by three major aqueducts inspired by another great Scots civil engineer, Thomas Telford.



RCAHMS records this monument as NS87NE 31.


Lindsay J (1968) THE CANALS OF SCOTLAND, Newton Abbot.

About Scheduled Monuments

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating sites and places at the national level. These designations are Scheduled monuments, Listed buildings, Inventory of gardens and designed landscapes and Inventory of historic battlefields.

We make recommendations to the Scottish Government about historic marine protected areas, and the Scottish Ministers decide whether to designate.

Scheduling is the process that identifies, designates and provides statutory protection for monuments and archaeological sites of national importance as set out in the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979.

We schedule sites and monuments that are found to be of national importance using the selection guidance published in Designation Policy and Selection Guidance (2019)

Scheduled monument records provide an indication of the national importance of the scheduled monument which has been identified by the description and map. The description and map (see ‘legal documents’ above) showing the scheduled area is the designation of the monument under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979. The statement of national importance and additional information provided are supplementary and provided for general information purposes only. Historic Environment Scotland accepts no liability for any loss or damages arising from reliance on any inaccuracies within the statement of national importance or additional information. These records are not definitive historical or archaeological accounts or a complete description of the monument(s).

The format of scheduled monument records has changed over time. Earlier records will usually be brief. Some information will not have been recorded and the map will not be to current standards. Even if what is described and what is mapped has changed, the monument is still scheduled.

Scheduled monument consent is required to carry out certain work, including repairs, to scheduled monuments. Applications for scheduled monument consent are made to us. We are happy to discuss your proposals with you before you apply and we do not charge for advice or consent. More information about consent and how to apply for it can be found on our website at

Find out more about scheduling and our other designations at You can contact us on 0131 668 8914 or at


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Printed: 01/12/2022 17:05