Scheduled Monument

Cumstoun CastleSM8263

Status: Designated


Where documents include maps, the use of this data is subject to terms and conditions (


Date Added
Supplementary Information Updated
Secular: castle
Local Authority
Dumfries And Galloway
NX 68223 53256
268223, 553256


The monument comprises the remains of Cumstoun Castle, first mentioned in a charter of 1604-5 and believed to have been built for Sir John Kennedy of Blairquhain in the early 16th century. The lands of Cumstoun formed an important part of the Barony of Twynholm from at least the 13th century.

The remains of the castle stand on a low, but distinctive mound to the W of the present mansion house. The building appears to have been rectangular in plan, originally consisting of a basement and three upper floors. The NE wall has been entirely demolished but that at the SW stands to a height of 7.6m. Rubble-built with ashlar quoins, the three walls are pierced by wide windows. Limited excavation of the site in the 1930s is said to have revealed the foundations of the demolished portion of the castle and evidence for an entrance at ground level.

The area to be scheduled is rectangular in shape with maximum dimensions of 40m NE-SW by 25m NW-SE. It comprises the upstanding masonry and an area around it (including the mound on which the building stands) within which associated remains are expected to survive, as marked in red on the accompanying map extract.



No Bibliography entries for this designation

About Scheduled Monuments

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating sites and places at the national level. These designations are Scheduled monuments, Listed buildings, Inventory of gardens and designed landscapes and Inventory of historic battlefields.

We make recommendations to the Scottish Government about historic marine protected areas, and the Scottish Ministers decide whether to designate.

Scheduling is the process that identifies, designates and provides statutory protection for monuments and archaeological sites of national importance as set out in the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979.

We schedule sites and monuments that are found to be of national importance using the selection guidance published in Designation Policy and Selection Guidance (2019)

Scheduled monument records provide an indication of the national importance of the scheduled monument which has been identified by the description and map. The description and map showing the scheduled area is the legal part of the scheduling. The statement of national importance and additional information provided are supplementary. These records are not definitive historical or archaeological accounts or a complete description of the monument(s).

The format of scheduled monument records has changed over time. Earlier records will usually be brief. Some information will not have been recorded and the map will not be to current standards. Even if what is described and what is mapped has changed, the monument is still scheduled.

Scheduled monument consent is required to carry out certain work, including repairs, to scheduled monuments. Applications for scheduled monument consent are made to us. We are happy to discuss your proposals with you before you apply and we do not charge for advice or consent. More information about consent and how to apply for it can be found on our website at

Find out more about scheduling and our other designations at You can contact us on 0131 668 8914 or at


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Printed: 25/05/2019 06:31