Scheduled Monument

East Lomond Hill, fort and cairnSM810

Status: Designated

Documents

Where documents include maps, the use of this data is subject to terms and conditions (https://portal.historicenvironment.scot/termsandconditions).

The legal document available for download below constitutes the formal designation of the monument under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979. The additional details provided on this page are provided for information purposes only and do not form part of the designation. Historic Environment Scotland accepts no liability for any loss or damages arising from reliance on any inaccuracies within this additional information.

Summary

Date Added
15/06/1936
Last Date Amended
16/01/2014
Type
Crosses and carved stones: symbol stone, Prehistoric domestic and defensive: fort (includes hill fort and promontory fort), Prehistoric ritual and funerary: cairn (type uncertain); cupmarks or cup-and-ring marks and similar rock art
Local Authority
Fife
Parish
Falkland
NGR
NO 24410 6186
Coordinates
324410, 706186

Description

The monument is the remains of a prehistoric fort and burial cairn on the summit of East Lomond Hill. The hill fort is likely to have been in use in the Iron Age (sometime between 500 BC and AD 600), while the burial cairn is earlier and dates probably from the Bronze Age. The remains of the cairn are visible on the summit as a low, circular turf-covered concentration of stones, measuring around 13m across. The remains of the fort extend over an area of some 2.3 hectares, comprising a summit enclosure and a complex series of defences that exploit the contours of the hill. The summit enclosure is pear-shaped and measures around 61m by 30m, with its long axis orientated NW-SE. It is defined by a low bank, presumably a collapsed rampart. Other earth and stone ramparts and artificial terraces extend down the lower slopes on the N, E and S sides of the fort, but are absent on the precipitous W side. A well-defined traverse connects the lower ramparts and terraces on the steep northern slope. Along the more accessible S side of the hill, the defences include a series of walls, a massive rampart of earth and stone and an external ditch. The line of approach is from the SE, where an entrance way up to 15m wide is visible running across the defences. The multi-period nature of the site is demonstrated by several important finds, including a cup-and-ring marked rock of likely Bronze Age date identified in 1978 and a Pictish slab bearing an incised bull of early historic date, both found within the fort. The monument occupies a commanding position on the summit of East Lomond Hill around 448m above OD. It has excellent views in all directions and can be seen from great distances S of the Firth of Forth and N of the Tay Estuary. The monument was first scheduled in 1936, but the documentation did not meet modern standards: the present rescheduling rectifies this.

The scheduled area is irregular on plan to include the remains described above and an area around them within which evidence relating to the monument's construction, use and abandonment is expected to survive, as shown in red on the accompanying map. The scheduling specifically excludes the above-ground elements of a summit viewing plinth and the top 30cm of all modern paths to allow for their maintenance and repair.

Statement of National Importance

The monument is of national importance as the upstanding remains of a multi-period site, which includes a prehistoric burial cairn and an Iron Age hill fort with complex defences, which is probably of more than one phase in itself. Limited archaeological investigations have recovered a range of artefacts, including a Pictish carved stone, a mould for casting metal ingots and glass beads, as well as a cup-and-ring marked rock. The monument has considerable potential to make a significant addition to understanding of early prehistoric burial practices and Iron Age and later defensive and domestic settlement and economy. Its importance is enhanced by its highly visible position in the landscape and its relationship with two other Iron Age hill forts, at Maiden Castle and West Lomond, 2km and 4.7km to the W respectively, which occupy similarly commanding positions. Our understanding of the distribution and character of late Iron Age and early medieval settlements would be diminished if this monument was to be lost or damaged.

References

Bibliography

The principal component of the monument, the fort, is recorded by RCAHMS as NO20NW 20. Three other RCAHMS entries (NO20NW 20.1, NO20NW 23 and NO20NW 59) refer to artefacts found on the hill.

Corrie J M 1926 'Notice of (1) certain bronze implements from Dumfriesshire; and (2) a symbol stone from East Lomond Hill, Fife, recently presented to the National Museum', Proc Soc Antiq Scot 60 (1925-6), 27-34.

Feachem, R 1963, A guide to prehistoric Scotland, London: Batsford, 125.

Kenworthy, M 1978 Lomond Hills Survey, Discovery and Excavation in Scotland 1978, 6.

RCAHMS RCAHMS (1933) The Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments and Constructions of Scotland. Eleventh report with inventory of monuments and constructions in the counties of Fife, Kinross and Clackmannan, 143-4, no. 244. Edinburgh.

About Scheduled Monuments

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating sites and places at the national level. These designations are Scheduled monuments, Listed buildings, Inventory of gardens and designed landscapes and Inventory of historic battlefields.

We make recommendations to the Scottish Government about historic marine protected areas, and the Scottish Ministers decide whether to designate.

Scheduling is the process that identifies, designates and provides statutory protection for monuments and archaeological sites of national importance as set out in the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979.

We schedule sites and monuments that are found to be of national importance using the selection guidance published in Designation Policy and Selection Guidance (2019)

Scheduled monument records provide an indication of the national importance of the scheduled monument which has been identified by the description and map. The description and map (see ‘legal documents’ above) showing the scheduled area is the designation of the monument under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979. The statement of national importance and additional information provided are supplementary and provided for general information purposes only. Historic Environment Scotland accepts no liability for any loss or damages arising from reliance on any inaccuracies within the statement of national importance or additional information. These records are not definitive historical or archaeological accounts or a complete description of the monument(s).

The format of scheduled monument records has changed over time. Earlier records will usually be brief. Some information will not have been recorded and the map will not be to current standards. Even if what is described and what is mapped has changed, the monument is still scheduled.

Scheduled monument consent is required to carry out certain work, including repairs, to scheduled monuments. Applications for scheduled monument consent are made to us. We are happy to discuss your proposals with you before you apply and we do not charge for advice or consent. More information about consent and how to apply for it can be found on our website at www.historicenvironment.scot.

Find out more about scheduling and our other designations at www.historicenvironment.scot/advice-and-support. You can contact us on 0131 668 8914 or at designations@hes.scot.

Images

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Printed: 19/08/2022 15:19