Scheduled Monument

Gleneagles Castle, tower and earthworkSM7591

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Date Added
13/12/2000
Type
Secular: earthwork; tower
Local Authority
Perth And Kinross
Parish
Blackford
NGR
NN 92907 9249
Coordinates
292907, 709249

Description

The monument comprises the roofless shell of a late medieval tower and a set of surrounding earthworks, which may be of rather earlier date.

The monument lies at around 125m OD, on a prominent knoll at the mouth of Glen Eagles. The tower measures approximately 13.5m E-W by 7.5m within walls 2.3m thick. The remains of an entrance door can be seen in the SE corner and there is evidence for spiral staircases in the SE and NW corners. Little survives of the E wall but the N, S and W walls survive up to 6m high with windows at ground and first floor level, and evidence of a possible vaulted ceiling over the ground floor level.

At least three of the ground level windows feature inverted keyhole gunloops, a style popular in the late 15th century. A feature in the SW corner may represent an oven and the remains of a drain or garderobe chute can be seen emerging from below the N wall. The footings of a later rectilinear building or enclosure can also be traced inside the shell of the tower, built against the N wall.

The tower is surrounded by a clearly defined earth and stone bank that follows the summit of the knoll. This bank measures up to 7m in width at its base, standing about 1.3m high internally and 2.7m externally. This bank probably represents the remains of a barmkin wall, although it could also incorporate the remains of a small Iron Age earthwork, for which the location would have been suitable.

Two large mounds within the barmkin on the E side of the tower may represent debris from consolidation works carried out in the 1920's. These works are commemorated on a plaque, situated in the central ground level window of the N wall, which reads "Gleneagles Castle. Repaired by Sir General Aylmer Haldane under the direction of HM Office of Works 1927-28."

The area proposed for scheduling comprises the remains described and an area around them within which related material may be expected to survive. It is irregular in shape and measures a maximum of about 95m E-W by 100m N-S, as marked in red on the accompanying map extract.

Statement of National Importance

The monument is of national importance because of its potential to contribute to our understanding of medieval defensive settlement and architecture.

References

Bibliography

RCAHMS records the monument as NN 90 NW 12.

Reference:

Haldane, Sir J. A. L. (1929) The Haldanes of Gleneagles, Edinburgh, 25, 310 plan, illusts.

About Scheduled Monuments

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for the designation of buildings, monuments, gardens and designed landscapes and historic battlefields. We also advise Scottish Ministers on the designation of historic marine protected areas.

Scheduling is the way that a monument or archaeological site of national importance is recognised by law through the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979.

We schedule sites and monuments of national importance using the criteria published in the Historic Environment Scotland Policy Statement.

The description and map showing the scheduled area is the legal part of the scheduling. The additional information in the scheduled monument record gives an indication of the national importance of the monument(s). It is not a definitive account or a complete description of the monument(s). The format of scheduled monument records has changed over time. Earlier records will usually be brief and some information will not have been recorded. Scheduled monument consent is required to carry out certain work, including repairs, to scheduled monuments. Applications for scheduled monument consent are made to us. We are happy to discuss your proposals with you before you apply and we do not charge for advice or consent. More information about consent and how to apply for it can be found on our website at www.historicenvironment.scot.

Find out more about scheduling and our other designations at www.historicenvironment.scot. You can contact us on 0131 668 8716 or at designations@hes.scot.

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Printed: 12/12/2018 21:40