Scheduled Monument

Bonshaw Tile Works, NW of Bonshawside, KirtlebridgeSM7554

Status: Designated


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The legal document available for download below constitutes the formal designation of the monument under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979. The additional details provided on this page are provided for information purposes only and do not form part of the designation. Historic Environment Scotland accepts no liability for any loss or damages arising from reliance on any inaccuracies within this additional information.


Date Added
Industrial: kiln, furnace, oven; pottery
Local Authority
Dumfries And Galloway
NY 22637 72773
322637, 572773


The monument consists of the upstanding remains of the former Bonshaw Tile Works, comprising a two-chambered Newcastle Kiln and associated earthworks marking the site of workshops, processing plant and drying sheds. The Bonshaw Tile Works was established in the latter half of the 19th century to produce lightly fired tile field drains and from 1896-1911 also produced common pressed red brick.

The horizontal draught kiln is constructed of squared rubble, with substantial masonry buttresses at the SE and NW and is characterised by two brick-lined vaulted chambers each incorporating a pair of fireboxes, and four flues which lead to a single chimney. The fireboxes are now partially blocked with brick rubble and the chimneys are no longer extant. A linear feature to the E of the works marks the track of a tramway which linked the complex with a clay pit from which the raw material was extracted. To the W, a siding connected the tile works to the Kirtlebridge, Annan and Drayton branch of the Caledonian Railway. SE of the kiln, a swampy area denotes the former site of a pond while depressions indicative of several other dammed ponds, now breached, are just visible to the N.

The area to be scheduled is irregular in shape with maximum dimensions of 125m NW-SE by 160m NE-SW as marked in red on the accompanying map extract, to include the upstanding remains of the two-chambered Newcastle Kiln, earthworks indicative of former buildings associated with the tile works, depressions marking the site of former ponds and a portion of trackway. Excluded from the scheduling are the remains of a World War II Nissen hut which lies at the extreme N end of the site.



No Bibliography entries for this designation

About Scheduled Monuments

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating sites and places at the national level. These designations are Scheduled monuments, Listed buildings, Inventory of gardens and designed landscapes and Inventory of historic battlefields.

We make recommendations to the Scottish Government about historic marine protected areas, and the Scottish Ministers decide whether to designate.

Scheduling is the process that identifies, designates and provides statutory protection for monuments and archaeological sites of national importance as set out in the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979.

We schedule sites and monuments that are found to be of national importance using the selection guidance published in Designation Policy and Selection Guidance (2019)

Scheduled monument records provide an indication of the national importance of the scheduled monument which has been identified by the description and map. The description and map (see ‘legal documents’ above) showing the scheduled area is the designation of the monument under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979. The statement of national importance and additional information provided are supplementary and provided for general information purposes only. Historic Environment Scotland accepts no liability for any loss or damages arising from reliance on any inaccuracies within the statement of national importance or additional information. These records are not definitive historical or archaeological accounts or a complete description of the monument(s).

The format of scheduled monument records has changed over time. Earlier records will usually be brief. Some information will not have been recorded and the map will not be to current standards. Even if what is described and what is mapped has changed, the monument is still scheduled.

Scheduled monument consent is required to carry out certain work, including repairs, to scheduled monuments. Applications for scheduled monument consent are made to us. We are happy to discuss your proposals with you before you apply and we do not charge for advice or consent. More information about consent and how to apply for it can be found on our website at

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Printed: 18/10/2021 17:11