Scheduled Monument

Castle Semple Loch, tower house to S of lochSM7146

Status: Designated


Where documents include maps, the use of this data is subject to terms and conditions (


Date Added
Secular: castle
Local Authority
NS 36169 58763
236169, 658763


The monument comprises the masonry ruins of a small tower house standing on a narrow stone-built causeway. The ruined building, which measures 13m by 10m on plan and stands to a maximum height of 5m, consists of the ground floor of the tower house, complete with wide-mouthed gunholes and evidence for the stone vault, and a part of the upper floor.

The area to be scheduled includes all of the upstanding ruined building together with an area around, measuring 50m square, in which traces of activities associated with its construction and use may survive, as marked in red on the accompanying map. It should be noted that this area includes a small portion of the floor of the adjacent loch.

Statement of National Importance

The monument is of national importance because it appears to be a most unusual variant of the late-medieval tower house. Its massive, 3 metre-thick walls, pierced by four wide-mouthed gunholes of 16th-century date, and its overall size suggests that it was constructed not for residence but for defence, making it one of only a few such examples in Scotland. The building, therefore, has the potential to cast important light on the relationship between temporary refuges and permanent residences in a period of intense inter-family feuding.



No Bibliography entries for this designation

About Scheduled Monuments

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for the designation of buildings, monuments, gardens and designed landscapes and historic battlefields. We also advise Scottish Ministers on the designation of historic marine protected areas.

Scheduling is the way that a monument or archaeological site of national importance is recognised by law through the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979.

We schedule sites and monuments of national importance using the criteria published in the Historic Environment Scotland Policy Statement.

The description and map showing the scheduled area is the legal part of the scheduling. The additional information in the scheduled monument record gives an indication of the national importance of the monument(s). It is not a definitive account or a complete description of the monument(s). The format of scheduled monument records has changed over time. Earlier records will usually be brief and some information will not have been recorded. Scheduled monument consent is required to carry out certain work, including repairs, to scheduled monuments. Applications for scheduled monument consent are made to us. We are happy to discuss your proposals with you before you apply and we do not charge for advice or consent. More information about consent and how to apply for it can be found on our website at

Find out more about scheduling and our other designations at You can contact us on 0131 668 8716 or at


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Printed: 26/04/2019 01:25