Scheduled Monument

Kilmory, settlement, old burial ground and cross shaft, RumSM6891

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Date Added
30/09/1997
Type
Crosses and carved stones: cross slab; cross-incised stone, Ecclesiastical: burial ground, cemetery, graveyard, Secular: settlement, including deserted and depopulated and townships
Local Authority
Highland
Parish
Small Isles
NGR
NG 36149 3581
Coordinates
136149, 803581

Description

The monument consists of a post-medieval settlement, an old burial ground and a cross shaft. The burial ground was scheduled in 1968 and is now to be incorporated within the settlement as a whole.

The township of Kilmory was evacuated in 1828 and its remains have been undisturbed. It comprises sixteen derelict blackhouses and a burial ground situated along the W side of the Kilmory River. The houses are built of thick drystone walls and range in size from 3.5m by 2.7m to 10.5m by 3.5m; they are staggered along a sunken road. Around the township are the remnants of extensive rig and furrow cultivation. The settlement is depicted in the Blaeu Atlas (17th century).

The burial ground consists of a raised D-shaped enclosure (14.5m by 12.2m internally) formed by a drystone wall. Amongst the grave slabs lies a 7th- or 8th-century cross-marked pillar of hard sandstone measuring 1.6m long. This is carved with Latin crosses on two sides. One of the incised Latin crosses surmounts a long-shafted four-petalled marigold cross.

The area to be scheduled is irregular on plan with maximum dimensions of 430m N-S by 165m E-W as marked in red on the accompanying map extract, to include the settlement, its associated burial ground and the cross shaft which lies within the burial ground.

Statement of National Importance

The monument is of national importance as the settlement has been undisturbed since its abandonment in the early part of the 19th century. It is in a very good state of preservation and has the potential to provide important information on post-medieval (and possibly earlier, indicated by the presence of the cross shaft) settlement and economy.

References

Bibliography

RCAHMS records the monument as NG30SE 1 and NG30SE 8.

References:

Blaeu, J, 1654, Orbis Terrerum.

RCAHMS 1928, The Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments and Constructions of Scotland. Ninth report with inventory of monuments and constructions in the Outer Hebrides, Skye and the Small Isles, Edinburgh.

RCAHMS 1983, The Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland. The archaeological sites and monuments of Rhum, Lochaber District, Highland Region, The archaeological sites and monuments of Scotland series No. 20 Edinburgh, 9, 11.

About Scheduled Monuments

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating sites and places at the national level. These designations are Scheduled monuments, Listed buildings, Inventory of gardens and designed landscapes and Inventory of historic battlefields.

We make recommendations to the Scottish Government about historic marine protected areas, and the Scottish Ministers decide whether to designate.

Scheduling is the process that identifies, designates and provides statutory protection for monuments and archaeological sites of national importance as set out in the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979.

We schedule sites and monuments that are found to be of national importance using the selection guidance published in Designation Policy and Selection Guidance (2019)

Scheduled monument records provide an indication of the national importance of the scheduled monument which has been identified by the description and map. The description and map showing the scheduled area is the legal part of the scheduling. The statement of national importance and additional information provided are supplementary. These records are not definitive historical or archaeological accounts or a complete description of the monument(s).

The format of scheduled monument records has changed over time. Earlier records will usually be brief. Some information will not have been recorded and the map will not be to current standards. Even if what is described and what is mapped has changed, the monument is still scheduled.

Scheduled monument consent is required to carry out certain work, including repairs, to scheduled monuments. Applications for scheduled monument consent are made to us. We are happy to discuss your proposals with you before you apply and we do not charge for advice or consent. More information about consent and how to apply for it can be found on our website at www.historicenvironment.scot.

Find out more about scheduling and our other designations at www.historicenvironment.scot/advice-and-support. You can contact us on 0131 668 8914 or at designations@hes.scot.

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Printed: 22/09/2019 21:19