Scheduled Monument

Kinloch Farm,settlement 400m NE of Kinloch Castle,RumSM6326

Status: Designated

Documents

Where documents include maps, the use of this data is subject to terms and conditions (https://portal.historicenvironment.scot/termsandconditions).

The legal document available for download below constitutes the formal designation of the monument under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979. The additional details provided on this page are provided for information purposes only and do not form part of the designation. Historic Environment Scotland accepts no liability for any loss or damages arising from reliance on any inaccuracies within this additional information.

Summary

Date Added
05/03/1996
Supplementary Information Updated
10/02/2021
Type
Prehistoric domestic and defensive: settlement (if not assigned to any more specific type)
Local Authority
Highland
Parish
Small Isles
NGR
NM 40383 99867
Coordinates
140383, 799867

Description

The monument consists of a Mesolithic activity site, with possible later use during the Neolithic period, situated on a low terrace overlooking the head of Loch Scresort.

The site was discovered as a surface scatter of flaked and chipped bloodstone. Evaluation and excavation in 1984-6 indicated the extent, date and nature of the site. It is a settlement site of Middle Stone Age date. A range of pits, hollows, stakeholes and slots were excavated. These probably represented domestic activity areas and shelters or lightly-built houses.

Hazelnuts from one pit produced two Mesolithic radiocarbon dates. A wide range of flakes, blades, microliths and leaf shaped points were found together with knapping debris. There was also some later Neolithic activity on the site. At this time a shallow burn which ran down the E of the Mesolithic site became filled with stone, pottery, lithic debris and organic material, suggesting there was Neolithic occupation in the vicinity.

The area to be scheduled measures a maximum of 110m N-S by a maximum of 90m E-W to include the Mesolithic site and the Neolithic remains and an area around these in which traces of activities associated with these occupation sites may survive, as shown in red on the accompanying map extract.

Statement of National Importance

The monument is of national importance for its potential to contribute to an understanding of Mesolithic domestic activity and hunting and gathering activities in this area of Scotland. It is, in 1995, the earliest human occupation site in Scotland so far dated.

References

Bibliography

No Bibliography entries for this designation

About Scheduled Monuments

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating sites and places at the national level. These designations are Scheduled monuments, Listed buildings, Inventory of gardens and designed landscapes and Inventory of historic battlefields.

We make recommendations to the Scottish Government about historic marine protected areas, and the Scottish Ministers decide whether to designate.

Scheduling is the process that identifies, designates and provides statutory protection for monuments and archaeological sites of national importance as set out in the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979.

We schedule sites and monuments that are found to be of national importance using the selection guidance published in Designation Policy and Selection Guidance (2019)

Scheduled monument records provide an indication of the national importance of the scheduled monument which has been identified by the description and map. The description and map (see ‘legal documents’ above) showing the scheduled area is the designation of the monument under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979. The statement of national importance and additional information provided are supplementary and provided for general information purposes only. Historic Environment Scotland accepts no liability for any loss or damages arising from reliance on any inaccuracies within the statement of national importance or additional information. These records are not definitive historical or archaeological accounts or a complete description of the monument(s).

The format of scheduled monument records has changed over time. Earlier records will usually be brief. Some information will not have been recorded and the map will not be to current standards. Even if what is described and what is mapped has changed, the monument is still scheduled.

Scheduled monument consent is required to carry out certain work, including repairs, to scheduled monuments. Applications for scheduled monument consent are made to us. We are happy to discuss your proposals with you before you apply and we do not charge for advice or consent. More information about consent and how to apply for it can be found on our website at www.historicenvironment.scot.

Find out more about scheduling and our other designations at www.historicenvironment.scot/advice-and-support. You can contact us on 0131 668 8914 or at designations@hes.scot.

Images

There are no images available for this record, you may want to check Canmore for images relating to Kinloch Farm,settlement 400m NE of Kinloch Castle,Rum

There are no images available for this record.

Search Canmore

Printed: 08/12/2021 19:51