Scheduled Monument

Skelbo CastleSM6225

Status: Designated


Where documents include maps, the use of this data is subject to terms and conditions (

The legal document available for download below constitutes the formal designation of the monument under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979. The additional details provided on this page are provided for information purposes only and do not form part of the designation. Historic Environment Scotland accepts no liability for any loss or damages arising from reliance on any inaccuracies within this additional information.


Date Added
Supplementary Information Updated
Secular: bailey; castle; hall; house; manor house; motte
Local Authority
NH 79233 95187
279233, 895187


The monument consists of an early castle adapted for occupation and defence over a number of different periods until its abandonment as a residence during the 20th century.

Skelbo Castle was a seat of the de Moravia or Moray family, who acquired lands in the area at some date before 1211. The castle closely echoes both the form and the development of Duffus Castle near Elgin, the seat of the main branch of the family, who indeed owned Skelbo 1529-1787.

The site is complex, with evidence for a number of different building phases, and covers an extensive area. Initially, it seems to have been an earthwork structure, with the natural motte at the north end of the site probably supporting a wooden tower. Over time, the defences were rebuilt in stone, and the fragmentary hall/keep now standing on the motte probably dates to the 14th century. It appears to have had a first-floor hall with a wooden floor supported by a central row of posts. Stone curtain walls, probably on the lines of earlier wooden defences, form a roughly triangular courtyard with the motte at its northern angle. There are traces of buildings at several points around the perimeter and a building at the SE angle may have been a gatehouse. Traces of an outer ditch also remain.

Against the W wall of the enclosure stands a range dating from c.1600, measuring 20.6m x 6.8m. It contains a series of vaulted basements beneath a separately-entered hall and chamber, with a garret above. This form is suggested as a typological link between the medieval hall house and the bastle house common in early 17th-century Scotland. The SE corner of this range has collapsed, but the N end of the slated roof remains. The house was occupied by the Factor during the 18th century, and traces of several phases of alteration and refenestration are apparent. A garden lay to the W of this range, overlying part of the castle ditch.

The area to be scheduled is roughly triangular in shape, measuring a maximum of 110m N-S by a maximum of 135m E-W, as defined in red on the enclosed map. It extends 20m beyond the existing fence and wall lines to the N and W, and is defined by the N edge of the track to the SE, to cover the castle and outer ditch together with part of the 18th-century garden. The scheduling does not include the gate leading from the track to the field W of the castle.



No Bibliography entries for this designation

About Scheduled Monuments

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating sites and places at the national level. These designations are Scheduled monuments, Listed buildings, Inventory of gardens and designed landscapes and Inventory of historic battlefields.

We make recommendations to the Scottish Government about historic marine protected areas, and the Scottish Ministers decide whether to designate.

Scheduling is the process that identifies, designates and provides statutory protection for monuments and archaeological sites of national importance as set out in the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979.

We schedule sites and monuments that are found to be of national importance using the selection guidance published in Designation Policy and Selection Guidance (2019)

Scheduled monument records provide an indication of the national importance of the scheduled monument which has been identified by the description and map. The description and map (see ‘legal documents’ above) showing the scheduled area is the designation of the monument under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979. The statement of national importance and additional information provided are supplementary and provided for general information purposes only. Historic Environment Scotland accepts no liability for any loss or damages arising from reliance on any inaccuracies within the statement of national importance or additional information. These records are not definitive historical or archaeological accounts or a complete description of the monument(s).

The format of scheduled monument records has changed over time. Earlier records will usually be brief. Some information will not have been recorded and the map will not be to current standards. Even if what is described and what is mapped has changed, the monument is still scheduled.

Scheduled monument consent is required to carry out certain work, including repairs, to scheduled monuments. Applications for scheduled monument consent are made to us. We are happy to discuss your proposals with you before you apply and we do not charge for advice or consent. More information about consent and how to apply for it can be found on our website at

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Printed: 02/12/2023 22:05