Scheduled Monument

Sithean na Gearra,prehistoric settlement 1000m SSW ofSM602

Status: Designated


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Date Added
Last Date Amended
Prehistoric domestic and defensive: linear earthwork; settlement (if not assigned to any more specific type), Secular: shieling
Local Authority
ND 8292 36757
308292, 936757


The monument consists of 2 prehistoric structures and several shielings on the E side of the Raffin Burn. The prehistoric structures include 2 mounds which contain 'wags'(galleried structures). That at ND08253680 is oval-shaped, about 24m N-S by 17m E-W and consists of numerous large stones which protrude through the turf. This building is most clearly defined on its E side where there are traces of a wall. This wall is formed of discontinuous boulders which define an inner face 8.4m long. At a distance of about 1m from this inner face there is a line of 4 upright stones which once formed roof supports. The mound that surrounds this building may incorporate one or more additional later structures.

The second 'wag' is at ND08303676 and consists of a mound with traces of a rectangular building at the SW end. This building was 22m long and about 4.2m wide. The inner wall survives to a height of about 1m on the NW but is less well preserved elsewhere. At least 10 upright stones which supported the roof can be distinguished. There are other rectilinear features, probably shielings, on the highest point of the mound. Low, boulder-faced walls form an enclosure in the area between the two mounds. A further wall of probable prehistoric date extends N from the N mound. To the S, at ND08333669, is a shieling mound about 11m E-W by 7m N-S with traces of a small subrectangular structure on top.

Statement of National Importance

The monument is of national importance for its potential contribution to the understanding of prehistoric settlement. The site contains important information on the economy and domestic life of its inhabitants and the architecture of prehistoric houses. The shielings contain important information on post medieval agricultural systems.



The monument is RCAHMS number ND 03 NE 2.

About Scheduled Monuments

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating sites and places at the national level. These designations are Scheduled monuments, Listed buildings, Inventory of gardens and designed landscapes and Inventory of historic battlefields.

We make recommendations to the Scottish Government about historic marine protected areas, and the Scottish Ministers decide whether to designate.

Scheduling is the process that identifies, designates and provides statutory protection for monuments and archaeological sites of national importance as set out in the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979.

We schedule sites and monuments that are found to be of national importance using the selection guidance published in Designation Policy and Selection Guidance (2019)

Scheduled monument records provide an indication of the national importance of the scheduled monument which has been identified by the description and map. The description and map showing the scheduled area is the legal part of the scheduling. The statement of national importance and additional information provided are supplementary. These records are not definitive historical or archaeological accounts or a complete description of the monument(s).

The format of scheduled monument records has changed over time. Earlier records will usually be brief. Some information will not have been recorded and the map will not be to current standards. Even if what is described and what is mapped has changed, the monument is still scheduled.

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Printed: 29/05/2020 01:46