Scheduled Monument

Conzie Castle and DoocotSM5899

Status: Designated


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Date Added
Supplementary Information Updated
Secular: castle; doocote, dovecote, pigeon loft; manor house
Local Authority
NJ 59495 45004
359495, 845004


The monument consists of the remains of a late seventeenth-century residence of plain design known locally as Conzie Castle.

The substantial upstanding remains of a gabled, rectangular-plan, single-pile building are situated in a cultivated field on the E side of the A97 between Huntly and Banff. According to tradition Conzie was never completed. The building occupies land that was a small separate estate known as Pennyburn circa 1700. The castle measures

22.7m E-W by 7.6m N-S over walls 0.95m thick.

The granite-rubble walls with small pinnings stand four storeys high on the S and E elevations; a fragment of the SW angle survives but most of the N and W walls are reduced to footings. Only the lower portions of the fourth-storey windows survive. There are joist-holes for beams at

each floor level. A central chimney survives in the E gable; the ground level kitchen fireplace incorporates a small oven.

The shape of the E gable above the wallhead suggests that the angles may have had corbelled turrets. The S elevation has four bays and regular fenestration. The windows are segmental-headed. 200m ESE of the castle are the remains of a square doocot which is likely to have been associated with the castle. It measures 5.8m square, has walls

0.6m thick and about 4-5m high. Most of the lower quoin-stones have been removed.

There are two separate areas to be scheduled; a rectangle centred on the castle, extending 5m from the exterior walls and measuring a maximum of 32.7m E-W by 17.6m N-S; and a square area centred on the doocot, extending 5m from the exterior walls with sides measuring a maximum of 15.8m, as shown in red on the accompanying map.

Statement of National Importance

The monument is of national importance because it is a substantial building of seventeenth-century date and a significant feature in the landscape. When combined with historical documentation, its remains and below-ground archaeology offer evidence which has the potential for clarifying its origins, ownership and history, in addition to shedding further light on our knowledge of late medieval/early modern settlement, land tenure and economy, material culture, building technology and domestic architectural design in Scotland.



RCAHMS records the monument as NJ 54 NE 13.

About Scheduled Monuments

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for the designation of buildings, monuments, gardens and designed landscapes and historic battlefields. We also advise Scottish Ministers on the designation of historic marine protected areas.

Scheduling is the way that a monument or archaeological site of national importance is recognised by law through the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979.

We schedule sites and monuments of national importance using the criteria published in the Historic Environment Scotland Policy Statement.

The description and map showing the scheduled area is the legal part of the scheduling. The additional information in the scheduled monument record gives an indication of the national importance of the monument(s). It is not a definitive account or a complete description of the monument(s). The format of scheduled monument records has changed over time. Earlier records will usually be brief and some information will not have been recorded. Scheduled monument consent is required to carry out certain work, including repairs, to scheduled monuments. Applications for scheduled monument consent are made to us. We are happy to discuss your proposals with you before you apply and we do not charge for advice or consent. More information about consent and how to apply for it can be found on our website at

Find out more about scheduling and our other designations at You can contact us on 0131 668 8716 or at


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Printed: 23/04/2019 12:58