Scheduled Monument

Conzie Castle and DoocotSM5899

Status: Designated


Where documents include maps, the use of this data is subject to terms and conditions (

The legal document available for download below constitutes the formal designation of the monument under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979. The additional details provided on this page are provided for information purposes only and do not form part of the designation. Historic Environment Scotland accepts no liability for any loss or damages arising from reliance on any inaccuracies within this additional information.


Date Added
Supplementary Information Updated
Secular: castle; doocote, dovecote, pigeon loft; manor house
Local Authority
NJ 59495 45004
359495, 845004


The monument consists of the remains of a late seventeenth-century residence of plain design known locally as Conzie Castle.

The substantial upstanding remains of a gabled, rectangular-plan, single-pile building are situated in a cultivated field on the E side of the A97 between Huntly and Banff. According to tradition Conzie was never completed. The building occupies land that was a small separate estate known as Pennyburn circa 1700. The castle measures

22.7m E-W by 7.6m N-S over walls 0.95m thick.

The granite-rubble walls with small pinnings stand four storeys high on the S and E elevations; a fragment of the SW angle survives but most of the N and W walls are reduced to footings. Only the lower portions of the fourth-storey windows survive. There are joist-holes for beams at

each floor level. A central chimney survives in the E gable; the ground level kitchen fireplace incorporates a small oven.

The shape of the E gable above the wallhead suggests that the angles may have had corbelled turrets. The S elevation has four bays and regular fenestration. The windows are segmental-headed. 200m ESE of the castle are the remains of a square doocot which is likely to have been associated with the castle. It measures 5.8m square, has walls

0.6m thick and about 4-5m high. Most of the lower quoin-stones have been removed.

There are two separate areas to be scheduled; a rectangle centred on the castle, extending 5m from the exterior walls and measuring a maximum of 32.7m E-W by 17.6m N-S; and a square area centred on the doocot, extending 5m from the exterior walls with sides measuring a maximum of 15.8m, as shown in red on the accompanying map.

Statement of National Importance

The monument is of national importance because it is a substantial building of seventeenth-century date and a significant feature in the landscape. When combined with historical documentation, its remains and below-ground archaeology offer evidence which has the potential for clarifying its origins, ownership and history, in addition to shedding further light on our knowledge of late medieval/early modern settlement, land tenure and economy, material culture, building technology and domestic architectural design in Scotland.



RCAHMS records the monument as NJ 54 NE 13.

About Scheduled Monuments

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating sites and places at the national level. These designations are Scheduled monuments, Listed buildings, Inventory of gardens and designed landscapes and Inventory of historic battlefields.

We make recommendations to the Scottish Government about historic marine protected areas, and the Scottish Ministers decide whether to designate.

Scheduling is the process that identifies, designates and provides statutory protection for monuments and archaeological sites of national importance as set out in the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979.

We schedule sites and monuments that are found to be of national importance using the selection guidance published in Designation Policy and Selection Guidance (2019)

Scheduled monument records provide an indication of the national importance of the scheduled monument which has been identified by the description and map. The description and map (see ‘legal documents’ above) showing the scheduled area is the designation of the monument under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979. The statement of national importance and additional information provided are supplementary and provided for general information purposes only. Historic Environment Scotland accepts no liability for any loss or damages arising from reliance on any inaccuracies within the statement of national importance or additional information. These records are not definitive historical or archaeological accounts or a complete description of the monument(s).

The format of scheduled monument records has changed over time. Earlier records will usually be brief. Some information will not have been recorded and the map will not be to current standards. Even if what is described and what is mapped has changed, the monument is still scheduled.

Scheduled monument consent is required to carry out certain work, including repairs, to scheduled monuments. Applications for scheduled monument consent are made to us. We are happy to discuss your proposals with you before you apply and we do not charge for advice or consent. More information about consent and how to apply for it can be found on our website at

Find out more about scheduling and our other designations at You can contact us on 0131 668 8914 or at


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Printed: 21/05/2024 01:08