Scheduled Monument

Eden CastleSM5638

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Date Added
03/03/1993
Supplementary Information Updated
08/07/2015
Type
Secular: tower
Local Authority
Aberdeenshire
Parish
King Edward
NGR
NJ 69797 58781
Coordinates
369797, 858781

Description

The monument consists of the remains of a 16th/17th century towerhouse, known as Eden Castle.

Eden is thought to have been built by the Meldrums in the 16th century. It passed to George Leslie, who carried out repairs in 1676- 7. (The date 1677 appears above one of the upper windows on the S facade). The original plan consisted of a main block lying N-S with a tower at the SW angle and another (now destroyed) at the NE angle. A round tower, now also destroyed, was added to the NW angle. Only the S portions of the tower survive. The building is rubble built and has had a vaulted basement and two upper storeys.

The upstanding portion of the tower survives to a height of about 13m, and measures 13.8m N- S by 12.7m E-W over walls about 1.3m thick. The basement of the main block is divided into two cellars and a passage leading to the N portion. A private stair in the SE angle of the S cellar leads to the hall which took up the first floor of the main block.

The basement is well provided with gun-loops and slits. The round-headed entrance is in the re-entrant angle. The tower contained a broad square staircase (now gone), beneath which was a guard room. A circular stair corbelled out in the re-entrant angle leads from the landing of the main staircase to the upperfloor.

The area to be scheduled is rectilinear, extending 3m from the exterior walls of the castle, measuring a maximum of 23.3m N-S by 22m E-W to include the ground plan of the castle, but excluding the concrete farm enclosures, gates and dykes abutting against the N, S and E castle walls, and excluding the road on the W boundary, as shown in red on the accompanying map.

Statement of National Importance

The monument is of national importance as a good example, albeit reduced, of a fortified towerhouse dating from the 16th century. As such it provides evidence and has the potential to provide further evidence, through a combination of historical research and archaeological excavation, for domestic and defensive architecture, lifestyle and material culture during the late medieval and early modern periods.

References

Bibliography

RCAHMS records the monument as NJ 65 NE 15.

References:

MacGibbon D and Ross T 1887-92, Castellated and Domestic Architecture in Scotland, Vol. II, 272-3.

About Scheduled Monuments

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for the designation of buildings, monuments, gardens and designed landscapes and historic battlefields. We also advise Scottish Ministers on the designation of historic marine protected areas.

Scheduling is the way that a monument or archaeological site of national importance is recognised by law through the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979.

We schedule sites and monuments of national importance using the criteria published in the Historic Environment Scotland Policy Statement.

The description and map showing the scheduled area is the legal part of the scheduling. The additional information in the scheduled monument record gives an indication of the national importance of the monument(s). It is not a definitive account or a complete description of the monument(s). The format of scheduled monument records has changed over time. Earlier records will usually be brief and some information will not have been recorded. Scheduled monument consent is required to carry out certain work, including repairs, to scheduled monuments. Applications for scheduled monument consent are made to us. We are happy to discuss your proposals with you before you apply and we do not charge for advice or consent. More information about consent and how to apply for it can be found on our website at www.historicenvironment.scot.

Find out more about scheduling and our other designations at www.historicenvironment.scot. You can contact us on 0131 668 8716 or at designations@hes.scot.

Images

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Printed: 12/12/2018 21:35