Scheduled Monument

Innerpeffray CastleSM5435

Status: Designated


Where documents include maps, the use of this data is subject to terms and conditions (

The legal document available for download below constitutes the formal designation of the monument under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979. The additional details provided on this page are provided for information purposes only and do not form part of the designation. Historic Environment Scotland accepts no liability for any loss or damages arising from reliance on any inaccuracies within this additional information.


Date Added
Secular: castle
Local Authority
Perth And Kinross
NN 90476 17869
290476, 717869


The monument consists of the remains of Innerpeffray Castle, a fortified residence of early seventeenth-century date built by James Drummond, the first Lord Madderty.

Innerpeffray is L-shaped on plan with crowsteps and projecting chimneys. The main block lies N and S with a W wing projecting from the S end. In the re-entrant angle is a square stair-tower with the main entrance in its W wall. The bottom portion of the newel stair has collapsed. The building measures 17.7m N-S by 14.3m E-W overall. It has an intact vaulted basement, two upper storeys and has had

attics in the S portion. The upper walls are reasonably intact and are of sandstone rubble with sandstone quoins and dressings. The W wing on the ground floor held the kitchen, the rest being taken up by stores and a larder. The first floor held a large well-lit hall and a private apartment with a bedroom entering off it. The upper floor

would have been partitioned into a withdrawing room and bedrooms. The E and W sides of the lower storey are provided with key-hole gun loops. One jamb of a gateway (evidence of a protective barmkin extending to the W) abutts the NW angle. There is some tusking projecting from the SW angle.

The area to be scheduled is rectangular, measuring a maximum of 50m WSW-ENE by 45m NNW-SSE, to include the castle and an area of land surrounding it which may contain evidence of subsidiary buildings and associated activity, as shown in red on the accompanying map.

Statement of National Importance

The monument is of national importance because it is a well preserved example of a fortified residence which dates from the early 17th century. Additional value as part of a related group is accorded by its association with the chapel and library of Innerpeffray. The castle was built c. 1610 by James Drummond, first Lord Madderty, whose ancestor John Lord Drummond rebuilt the chapel in the 14th century and endowed it with four chaplains, raising it to collegiate status. The Drummonds continued to encourage learning, the library of Innerpeffray being founded by David, third Lord Madderty in the late 17th century. The monument provides evidence and has the potential to provide further evidence, through excavation, which may increase our understanding of defensive architecture, domestic occupation, history and patronage, social organisation and material culture during the Middle Ages.



RCAHMS records the monument as NN91NW 5.

About Scheduled Monuments

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating sites and places at the national level. These designations are Scheduled monuments, Listed buildings, Inventory of gardens and designed landscapes and Inventory of historic battlefields.

We make recommendations to the Scottish Government about historic marine protected areas, and the Scottish Ministers decide whether to designate.

Scheduling is the process that identifies, designates and provides statutory protection for monuments and archaeological sites of national importance as set out in the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979.

We schedule sites and monuments that are found to be of national importance using the selection guidance published in Designation Policy and Selection Guidance (2019)

Scheduled monument records provide an indication of the national importance of the scheduled monument which has been identified by the description and map. The description and map (see ‘legal documents’ above) showing the scheduled area is the designation of the monument under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979. The statement of national importance and additional information provided are supplementary and provided for general information purposes only. Historic Environment Scotland accepts no liability for any loss or damages arising from reliance on any inaccuracies within the statement of national importance or additional information. These records are not definitive historical or archaeological accounts or a complete description of the monument(s).

The format of scheduled monument records has changed over time. Earlier records will usually be brief. Some information will not have been recorded and the map will not be to current standards. Even if what is described and what is mapped has changed, the monument is still scheduled.

Scheduled monument consent is required to carry out certain work, including repairs, to scheduled monuments. Applications for scheduled monument consent are made to us. We are happy to discuss your proposals with you before you apply and we do not charge for advice or consent. More information about consent and how to apply for it can be found on our website at

Find out more about scheduling and our other designations at You can contact us on 0131 668 8914 or at


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Printed: 28/06/2022 01:50